ENGL 665: Studies in Romantic Literature
Wordsworth and "Tintern Abbey"
David S. Miall
The New Weir. From Samuel Ireland, Picturesque Views on the River Wye (1797), facing p. 97.
Mondays 14:00-16:50 in HC 2-17
David S. Miall, Department of English; office 4:27; tel. 492-0538
"a wild secluded scene"
Wordsworth’s “Lines Written a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey” is one of the most influential poems in literary history. During this course we will stage a series of interrogations of the poem, seeking both to understand the context within which Wordsworth came to produce the poem during July 1798, and to place the poem in relation to Wordsworth’s other work (such as The Prelude) and that of some of his contemporaries, including Coleridge, Byron, and Shelley. In making this study, four modern critical contexts will be particularly important. First, the close examination offered by critics such as Nicholas Roe and David Bromwich of Wordsworth’s relation to the troubled politics of the 1790s, comprised by his experience of the French Revolution and his rejection of the repressive war policies of the British government. Second, New Historicist treatments of the poem, especially the contentious chapter on the poem by Marjorie Levinson which argued for Wordsworth’s evasion of historical realities associated with the Abbey, which has elicited a slew of subsequent comment. Third, ecological readings of Wordsworth’s poetry, initiated by Jonathan Bate and Karl Kroeber, for which this poem has been a central document. And fourth, feminist readings of the poem that have considered Wordsworth’s relation to the mute figure of his sister Dorothy in the poem, as well as Wordsworth’s characteristic gendering of nature as female. Through placing this one poem at the hub of a wheel, the course engages a series of sharply focused perspectives on the intellectual and literary history of the Romantic period and its critics that would otherwise be impossible to achieve. The course will interest students of cultural history, as well as those wishing to deepen their knowledge of Romantic literature. In addition to works by Wordsworth, we will examine works by earlier poets who influenced Wordsworth’s poem or who were later influenced by Wordsworth.
Wordsworth, by Henry Eldridge, 1804
Reading are indicated in each section. We will cover all 9 sections during the 13 weeks of the course, but how much time we spend on each will depend in part on the interests of students. NB. No classes October 8 (Thanksgiving) or November 12 (Remembrance).
1. Introductions. Wordsworth and Romanticism, a primer; a first reading of "Tintern Abbey."
Hedgerows -- readings. Workplan.
2. The context: Wordsworth in the 1790s: politics, the picturesque, the loco-descriptive tradition, Gothic sublime.
2.a Politics: The French Revolution and its aftermath.
Cf. Wordsworth's comment in his fragmentary "Essay on Morals" (c. 1798): "Now, I know no book or system of moral philosophy written with sufficient power to melt into our affections [?s], to incorporate itself with the blood & vital juices of our minds, & thence to have any influence worth our notice in forming those habits of which I am speaking. Can it be imagined by any man who has deeply examined his own heart that an old habit will be foregone, or a new one formed, by a series of propositions, which, presenting no image to the [? mind] can convey no feeling which has any connection with the supposed archetype or fountain of the proposition existing in human life? These moralists attempt to strip the mind of all its old clothing when their object ought to be to furnish it with new. All this is the consequence of an undue value set upon that faculty which we call reason. (Prose ed. Owen & Smyser, I, 103).
Helen Maria Williams, Letters written in France (1790): The Fete of Federation, July 14 1790; Letters from France (1793): The September Massacres, 1792.
Wordsworth, "Guilt and Sorrow," later version: http://www.bartleby.com/145/ww118.html
Wordsworth, from The Prelude Book XI, excerpt on Godwinism, confusion and recovery, the picturesque
Bromwich, David. "The French Revolution and 'Tintern Abbey'." Raritan 10:3 (1991 Winter): 1-23.
Richey, William. "The Politicized Landscape of 'Tintern Abbey'." Studies in Philology 95:2 (1998 Spring): 197-219.
2.b The picturesque
William Gilpin, On Picturesque Travel (1794).
Uvedale Price, On the Picturesque (1794), Chapters 4, 5
Wordsworth, Descriptive Sketches (1793), 1-191.
(again) Wordsworth, from The Prelude Book XI, 149 ff.
Miall, David S. "The Alps Deferred: Wordsworth at the Simplon Pass," European Romantic Review 9 (1998): 87-102. [online version]
Owen, W. J. B. "The Most Despotic of Our Senses." The Wordsworth Circle 19 (1988): 136-144.
2.c Loco-descriptive poems
John Denham, "Cooper's Hill" (rev. 1655); John Dyer, "Grongar Hill" (1726); Richard Jago, "Edge Hill": Solihull; The Avon (1767); Thomas Gray, "Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College" (1747); William Crowe, "Lewesdon Hill" (1788); William Lisle Bowles, "To the River Itchen" (1789); Coleridge, "Sonnet V. To the River Otter" (1793).
2.d Gothic sublime
Extracts from Ann Radcliffe, Mysteries of Udolpho (1794); The Italian (1797): chapter 5; for more travel, see also Ramond on the Pyrenees
3. Wordsworth in 1798: Lyrical Ballads; Coleridge, the "Conversation Poems." Texts
Wordsworth, "Advertisement"; "Lines Written in Early Spring"; "The Last of the Flock"; "Lines Written near Richmond"
Coleridge, "Effusion XXXV"; "Frost at Midnight"; Frost website (Miall)
4. The Wye Valley visit, July 1798. What did Wordsworth see? Extracts
Thomas Whately, Observations on Modern Gardening (1770)
William Gilpin, Observations on the River Wye (1771)
Richard Warner, A Walk Through Wales, in August 1797 (1801)
River Wye: Geography (views; other contemporary visitors)
Miall, David S. "Locating Wordsworth: 'Tintern Abbey' and the Community with Nature." Romanticism On the Net 20 (November 2000).
5. Romantic literary theory: Preface to Lyrical Ballads (1800) and other writings. Extracts.
Preface to Lyrical Ballads
Coleridge, Biographia Literaria, from Chs. 13, 14
6. Contemporary writers read "Tintern Abbey": Bayley, Byron, Shelley, Keats; post-Romantic influence.
Bayley, "An Evening in the Vale of Festiniog" (1803)
Byron, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Canto III (1816)
Byron, "Stanzas to Augusta" (1816)
Shelley, "Mont Blanc" (1816)
Keats, Letters to Reynolds (1818); to Woodhouse (1818)
Keats, "Ode to a Nightingale" (1819)
Mark Rutherford reads Lyrical Ballads in 1849
Arnold, "Dover Beach" (1867)
Walter Pater, Wordsworth, from Appreciations (1890).
7. New Historicist views of the poem.
Johnston, Kenneth R. "The Politics of 'Tintern Abbey'." The Wordsworth Circle 14.1 (1983): 6-14.
Levinson, Marjorie. "Insight and Oversight: Reading 'Tintern Abbey'." Wordworth's Great Period Poems: Four Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986. 14-57.
Roe, Nicholas. "The Politics of the Wye Valley: Re-Placing 'Tintern Abbey'." The Politics of Nature: Wordsworth and Some Contemporaries. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992. 117-136.
Rzepka, Charles J. "Pictures of the Mind: Iron and Charcoal, 'Ouzy' Tides and 'Vagrant Dwellers' at Tintern, 1798." Studies in Romanticism 42:2 (2003): 155-85.
8. Readings of Dorothy.
Kramer, Lawrence. "Victorian Sexuality and 'Tintern Abbey'." Victorian Poetry 24.4 (1986 Winter): 399-410.
Homans, Margaret. "Eliot, Wordsworth, and the Scenes of the Sisters' Instruction." Critical Inquiry 8:2 (1981 Winter): 223-241.
McGavran, James Holt, Jr. "Xanadu, Somersetshire, and the Banks of the Wye: A Study of Romantic Androgyny." Papers on Language and Literature (PLL), 26.3 (1990 Summer): 334-345.
Soderholm, James. "Dorothy Wordsworth's Return to Tintern Abbey." New Literary History 26.2 (1995 Spring): 309-322.
9. The place of Nature.
Bate, Jonathan. From The Song of the Earth. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000. pp. 140-152.
Gravil, Richard. "Tintern Abbey and the System of Nature." Romanticism: The Journal of Romantic Culture and Criticism 6.1 (2000): 35-54.
McKusick, James C. From Green Writing: Romanticism and Ecology. New York: St Martin's Press, 2000. pp. 66-69.
Pite, Ralph. "How Green Were the Romantics?" Studies in Romanticism 35 (1996): 367-73. [not on "Tintern" but a discussion of Romantic ecology]
A selective listing of journal essays and chapters.
- Video resources: Coleridge at Nether Stowey; Tintern Abbey and the Wye Valley
- Wordsworth Complete Poetical Works, Bartleby (1888 edition)
- A Guide to "Tintern Abbey": annotations, etc.
- A guide to essays about Wordsworth on the net
- The Voice of the Shuttle / Romantic section
- Romantic Circles
- Romanticism On the Net
- British Association for Romantic Studies
- Eighteenth-Century Resources, Jack Lynch
- Romanticism Chronology
Policy about course outlines can be found in Section 23.4(2) of the University Calendar. (GFC 29 SEP 2003)
The University of Alberta is committed to the highest standards of academic integrity and honesty. Students are expected to be familiar with these standards regarding academic honesty and to uphold the policies of the University in this respect. Students are particularly urged to familiarize themselves with the provisions of the Code of Student Behaviour (online at www.ualberta.ca/secretariat/appeals.htm) and avoid any behaviour which could potentially result in suspicions of cheating, plagiarism, misrepresentation of facts and/or participation in an offence. Academic dishonesty is a serious offence and can result in suspension or expulsion from the University. (GFC 29 SEP 2003)
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Document created February 13th 2001 / last revised October 28th 2007