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Refereed Publications

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Burton, P.J. and S.E. Macdonald. 2012. The Restorative Imperative: Challenges, objectives and approaches to restoring naturalness in forests. Silva Fennica 45 (5): 843-863.

Chavez, V., and S.E. Macdonald. 2012. Partitioning vascular understory diversity in boreal mixedwood forests: the importance of mixed canopies for diversity conservation. Forest Ecology and Management 271: 19-26.

Crisfield, V., S.E. Macdonald, J. Gould. 2012. Effects of recreational traffic on alpine plant communities in the northern Canadian Rockies.  Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research (accepted)

Lilles, E., B. Purdy, S.E. Macdonald and S. Chang. 2012. Growth of aspen and white spruce on naturally saline sites in northern Alberta: Implications for development of boreal forest vegetation on reclaimed saline soils. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 92(1): 213-227.

McIntosh, A., S.E. Macdonald, and M. Gundale. 2012. Tree species versus regional controls on ecosystem properties and processes: an example using introduced Pinus contorta in Swedish boreal forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 42: 1228-1238.

Schmiedinger, A., J. Kreyling, M.J. Steinbauer, S.E. Macdonald, A. Jentsch, C. Beierkuhnlein. 2012. A continental comparison indicates long-term effects of forest management on understory diversity in coniferous forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 42: 1239-1252..

Cavard, Xavier, S.E. Macdonald, Y. Bergeron and H. Chen. 2011. Are mixedwoods important for biodiversity conservation in boreal and temperate forests? Environmental Reviews 19: 142-161.

Gärtner, S.M., V.J. Lieffers and S. E. Macdonald. 2011. Ecology and management of natural regeneration of white spruce in the boreal forest. Environmental Reviews  19: 461-478.

Harper, K.A. and S.E. Macdonald. 2011. Quantifying distance of edge influence: A comparison of methods and a new randomization method Ecosphere 2(8): art94. DOI: 10-1890/ES11-00146.1.

Lilles, E.B., B.G. Purdy, S. Chang, and S.E. Macdonald. 2010. Soil and groundwater characteristics of saline sites supporting boreal mixedwood forests in northern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 90: 1-14.pdfsymbol

Martin-DeMoor, J., V.J. Lieffers and S.E. Macdonald. 2010. Natural regeneration of white spruce in aspen-dominated boreal mixedwoods following harvesting. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 585-594.

Caners, R.,  S.E. Macdonald and R. Belland. 2010. Viability of epiphytic bryophytes depends on forest structure along a gradient of partial harvesting. Botany 88: 315-328.

Chavez, V., and S.E. Macdonald. 2010. The influence of canopy patch mosaics on understory plant community composition in boreal mixedwood forest. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 1067-1075.pdfsymbol

Chavez, V. and S.E. Macdonald. 2010. Understory species interactions in mature boreal understory plant communities. Botany 88: 912-922.

Craig, A., S.E. Macdonald. 2009. Threshold effects of variable retention harvesting on understory plant communities in the boreal mixedwood forest. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 2619-2627.pdfsymbol

Cumming, S., M. Trindade, D. Greene, S.E. Macdonald. 2009. Canopy and emergent white spruce in “pure” deciduous stands: frequency, predictive models and ecological importance. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 1997-2004.pdfsymbol

Kemper, J. T. and S.E. Macdonald. 2009. Directional change in low-arctic upland tundra plant communities 20-30 years following seismic exploration disturbance. Journal of Vegetation Science 20: 557-567.pdfsymbol

Kemper, J. T. and S.E. Macdonald. 2009. Effects of contemporary winter seismic exploration on low arctic plant communities and permafrost. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 41: 228-237.pdfsymbol

Islam, M.A. and S.E. Macdonald. 2009. Current uptake of 15N-labeled ammonium and nitrate in flooded and non-flooded black spruce and tamarack seedlings. Annals of Forest Science 66: 102 (11 pages) [DOI: 10.1051/forest:200807] .pdfsymbol

Caners, R., S.E. Macdonald and R. Belland. 2009. Recolonization potential of bryophyte diaspore banks in harvested mixedwood boreal forest. Plant Ecology 204: 55-68.pdfsymbol

Kreyling, J., Schmiedinger, A., Macdonald, S.E., Beierkuhnlein, C. 2008. Slow understory redevelopment after clearcutting in high mountain forests. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 2339-2355. pdfsymbol

Kreyling, J., A. Schmiedinger, S.E. Macdonald, and C. Beierkuhnlein. 2008. Potential for natural tree regeneration after clearcutting in subalpine forests. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 23: 46-52. pdfsymbol

Lazaruk, L., S.E. Macdonald, G. Kernaghan. 2008. The effect of mechanical site preparation on ectomycorrhizae of planted white spruce seedlings in conifer-dominated boreal mixedwood forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 2072-2079. pdfsymbol

Greene, D.F., S.E. Macdonald, S. Haeussler, S. Domenicano, J. Noël, K. Jayen, I. Charron, S. Gauthier, S. Hunt, E.T. Gielau, Y. Bergeron, and L. Swift. 2007. The reduction of organic-layer depth by wildfire in the North American boreal forest and its effect on tree recruitment by seed. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 1012-1023. pdfsymbol

Harper, K.A., L. Mascarúa-López, S.E. Macdonald, and P. Drapeau. 2007. Interaction of edge influence from multiple edges: examples from narrow corridors. Plant Ecology 192: 71-84. pdfsymbol

Kurulok, S.E. and S.E. Macdonald. Impacts of post-fire salvage logging on understory plant communities of the boreal mixedwood forest 2 and 34 years after disturbance. 2007. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 2637 – 2651. pdfsymbol

Macdonald, S.E., and T.E. Fenniak. 2007. Understory plant communities of boreal mixedwood forests in western Canada: Natural patterns and response to variable-retention harvesting. Forest Ecology and Management 242: 34-48. pdfsymbol

Macdonald S. E. 2007. Effects of partial post-fire salvage harvesting on vegetation communities in the boreal mixedwood forest region of northeastern Alberta, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 239: 21-31. pdfsymbol

Shepherd, L., F. Schmiegelow, and S.E.  Macdonald. 2007. Managing fire for woodland caribou in Jasper and Banff National Parks. Rangifer 17: 129-140.pdfsymbol

Macrae, M.L., I.F. Creed, S.E. Macdonald, and K.J. Devito. 2006. Relation of soil nitrogen distribution and surface and ground water nitrogen concentrations in harvested and unharvested portions of an aspen-dominated catchment in the Boreal Plain. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36: 2090-2103. pdfsymbol

Macdonald, S.E., B. Eaton, C.S. Machtans, C. Paszkowski, S. Hannon, S. Boutin. 2006. Is forest close to lakes ecologically unique? Analysis of vegetation, small mammals, amphibians, and songbirds. Forest Ecology and Management 223: 1-17. pdfsymbol

MacIsaac, D.A.. P.G. Comeau, and S.E. Macdonald. 2006. Gap dynamics of regeneration following harvest of aspen stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36: 1818-1833. pdfsymbol

Peters, V.S., S.E. Macdonald, and M.R.T. Dale. 2006. The importance of initial versus delayed regeneration of white spruce in boreal mixedwood succession. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36: 1597-1609.pdfsymbol

Islam, M. A. and S. E. Macdonald. 2005. Effects of variable nitrogen fertilization on growth, gas exchange, and biomass partitioning in black spruce and tamarack seedlings. Canadian Journal of Botany 83:1574-1580. pdfsymbol

Greene, David F., S. Ellen Macdonald, Steve Cumming, and Lynn Swift. 2005. Seedbed variation from the interior through the edge of a large wildfire in Alberta. Can. J. For. Res. 35(7): 1640-1647. pdfsymbol

Harper, K.A., S.E. Macdonald, P.J. Burton, J. Chen, K. Brosofske, S. Saunders, E. Euskirchen, D. Roberts, M. Jaiteh, P.-A. Esseen. 2005. Towards a theory of edge influence: Forest structure and composition at created edges. Conservation Biology 19: 768-782. pdfsymbol

Lazaruk, Lance W.,  Gavin Kernaghan, S. Ellen Macdonald, and Damase Khasa. 2005. Effects of partial cutting on the ectomycorrhizae of Picea glauca forests in northwestern Alberta.  Can. J. For. Res. 35(6):  1442-1454. pdfsymbol

Mills, S.E., and S.E. Macdonald. 2005. Factors influencing bryophyte assemblage at different scales in the western Canadian boreal forest. Bryologist 108: 86-101. pdfsymbol

Peters, Vernon S., S. Ellen Macdonald and Mark R. T. Dale. 2005. The interaction between masting and fire is key to white spruce regeneration. Ecology 86(7): 1744–1750. pdfsymbol

Purdy, B.G., S.E. Macdonald, V.J. Lieffers. 2005. Naturally saline boreal communities as models for reclamation of saline oil-sand tailings. Restoration Ecology 13(4): 667-677. pdfsymbol

Peters, V.S., S.E. Macdonald and M.R.T. Dale. 2004. Reply to comment on “Aging discrepancies of white spruce affect the interpretation of static age structure in boreal mixedwoods”. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 1365-1367. pdfsymbol

Peters, S.H., S.E. Macdonald, S.A. Boutin and R.A. Moses. 2004. Post-dispersal seed predation of white spruce in cutblocks in the boreal mixedwoods: A short-term experimental study. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 907-915. pdfsymbol

Mills, S.E., and S.E. Macdonald. 2004. Predictors of moss and liverwort species diversity of microsites in conifer-dominated boreal forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 15: 189-198. pdfsymbol

Macdonald, S. Ellen, Carl J. Burgess, Garry J. Scrimgeour, Stan A. Boutin,  Sharon Reedyk,  Brian Kotak. 2004. Should riparian buffers be part of forest management based on emulation of natural disturbance? Forest Ecology and Management 187: 185-196. pdfsymbol

Islam, M.A. and S.E. Macdonald. 2004. Ecophysiological adaptations of black spruce (Picea mariana) and tamarack (Larix laricina) seedlings to flooding. Trees: Structure and Function 18: 35-42. pdfsymbol

Tupker, K., B.R. Thomas and S.E. Macdonald. 2003. Effects of elevated CO2 on different trembling aspen and hybrid poplar clones in the greenhouse. Agroforestry Systems 59: 61-71. pdfsymbol

Islam, M.A., S.E. Macdonald and J.J. Zwiazek. 2003. Responses of black spruce (Picea mariana) and tamarack (Larix laricina) to flooding and ethylene treatments. Tree Physiol. 23:545-552. pdfsymbol

Peters, S. H., Boutin, S. and Macdonald, S. E. 2003. Pre-dispersal seed predation of white spruce cones in logged boreal mixedwood forest. Can. J. For. Res. 33: 33-40.  pdfsymbol

Rhemtulla, Jeanine M., Ronald J. Hall, Eric S. Higgs, and S. Ellen Macdonald.  2002. Eighty years of change: The montane vegetation of Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada. Can. J. For. Res. 32: 2010-2021. pdfsymbol

Hannon, Susan J., C. A. Paszkowski, S. Boutin, J. DeGroot, E. Macdonald, M. Wheatley and B. Eaton. 2002. Influence of varying riparian buffer strip widths on abundance and species composition of amphibians, small mammals and songbirds in the boreal mixedwood forest of Alberta. Can. J. For. Res. 32: 1784-1800.  pdfsymbol

Peters, V., S.E. Macdonald & M. Dale. 2002. Aging discrepancies of white spruce affect the interpretation of recruitment processes in the boreal mixedwood. Can. J. For. Res. 3: 1496-1501. pdfsymbol

Harper, K. & S.E. Macdonald. 2002. Structure and composition of edges next to regenerating clearcuts in the mixedwood boreal forest. J. Veg. Science 13: 535-546. pdfsymbol

Purdy, B.G., S.E. Macdonald and M.R.T. Dale. 2002. The regeneration niche of white spruce following fire in the mixedwood boreal forest. Silva Fennica 36(1): 289-306. pdfsymbol

Hodgetts, R., A. Brown, C. Clark, E. Macdonald, M. Aleksiuk, and D. Khasa. 2001. Development of microsatellite markers for white spruce (Picea glauca) and related species. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 102: 1252-1258. pdfsymbol

Macdonald, S.E., B.R. Thomas, D.M. Cherniawsky, and B.G. Purdy.2001.  Managing genetic resources of lodgepole pine in west-central Alberta: patterns of isozyme variation in natural populations and effects of forest management. For. Ecol. Mgmt. 152: 45-58.pdfsymbol

Yao, X., S.J. Titus, and S.E. Macdonald. 2001. A generalized logistic model of individual tree mortality for aspen, white spruce, and lodgepole pine in Alberta mixedwood forests. Can. J. For. Res. 31: 283-291. pdfsymbol

Harper, K.A. and S.E. Macdonald. 2001. Structure and composition of riparian boreal forest: new methods for analyzing edge influence. Ecology 82: 649-659. pdfsymbol

Jones, M.H., S.E. Macdonald, and G.R.H. Henry. 1999. Gender- and habitat- specific responses of a high arctic willow, Salix arctica to experimental climate change. Oikos 87:129-138.

Macdonald, S.E., and F.Y. Yin. 1999. Factors influencing size inequality in peatland black spruce and tamarack: Evidence from post-drainage release growth. J. Ecol. 87: 404-412.pdfsymbol

Mugasha, A.G., D.J. Pluth, and S.E. Macdonald. 1999. Effects of fertilization on seasonal patterns of foliar mass and nutrients of tamarack and black spruce on undrained and drained minerotrophic peatland sites. For. Ecol. Mgmt. 116: 13-31. pdfsymbol

Thomas, B.R., S.E. Macdonald, M. Hicks, D.L. Adams and R.B. Hodgetts. 1999. Effects of reforestation methods on genetic diversity of lodgepole pine: An assessment using microsatellite and randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers. Theoret. Appl. Genet. 98: 793-801. pdfsymbol

Hicks, M., D. Adams, S. O’Keefe, E. Macdonald, and R. Hodgetts. 1998. The development of RAPD and microsatellite markers in lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia). Genome 41: 797-805. pdfsymbol

Macdonald, S.E., M.G. Schmidt, and R.L. Rothwell. 1998. Impacts of mechanical site preparation on foliar nutrients of planted white spruce seedlings on mixed-wood boreal forest sites in Alberta. For. Ecol. Mgmt. 110: 35-48. pdfsymbol

Thomas, B.R., S.E. Macdonald, and B.P. Dancik. 1997. Variance components, heritabilities and gain estimates for growth chamber and field performance of Populus tremuloides: growth and yield parameters. Silvae Genetica 46: 317-326.

Thomas, B.R., S.E. Macdonald, and B.P. Dancik. 1997. Variance components, heritabilities and gain estimates for growth chamber and field performance of Populus tremuloides: gas exchange parameters. Silvae Genetica 46: 309-317.

Mugasha, A.G., S.E. Macdonald and D.J. Pluth. 1996. Needle litter responses of peatland tamarack and black spruce to fertilization of minerotrophic peatlands. For. Ecol. Mgmt. 87: 257-264.

Schmidt, M.G., S.E. Macdonald, and R.L. Rothwell. 1996. Impacts of harvesting and mechanical site preparation on soil chemical properties of mixed-wood boreal forest sites in Alberta. Can. J. Soil Sci.76: 531-540.

Jiang, Y. S.E. Macdonald, and J.J. Zwiazek. 1995. Effects of cold storage and water stress on water relations and gas exchange of white spruce seedlings. Tree Physiol. 15: 267-273.pdfsymbol

Jiang, Y, Zwiazek, J.J., and S.E. Macdonald.  1994.  Effects of prolonged cold storage on carbohydrate and protein content and field performance of white spruce bareroot seedlings.  Can. J. For. Res. 24: 1369-1375.

Purdy, B.G., Bayer, R.J., and S.E. Macdonald.  1994.  Genetic variation, breeding system evolution and conservation of the narrow sand dune endemic Stellaria arenicola and the widespread S. longipes.  Amer. J. Bot. 81: 904-911. pdfsymbol

Urban, S.T., Lieffers, V.J., and S.E. Macdonald.  1994. Release in radial growth in the trunk and structural roots of white spruce as measured by dendrochronology.  Can. J. For. Res. 24: 1550-1556.

Macdonald, S.E., and V.J. Lieffers.  1993. Rhizome plasticity and clonal foraging of Calamagrostis canadensis in response to habitat heterogeneity. J. Ecol. 81: 769-776. pdfsymbol

Lieffers, V.J., S.E. Macdonald, and E.H. Hogg. 1993. Ecology of and control strategies for Calamagrostis canadensis in boreal forest sites.  Can. J. For. Res. 23: 2070-2077.

Lieffers, V.J., A.G. Mugasha, and S.E. Macdonald. 1993. Ecophysiological responses of shade needles of white spruce saplings to brush removal and degree of prior shading. Tree Physiol. 12: 271-280. pdfsymbol

Wang, Z.M. and S.E. Macdonald. 1993. Peatland and upland black spruce in Alberta: Morphology and ecophysiology. Can. J. For. Res. 23: 33-40.

Greenway, K.J., S.E. Macdonald and V.J. Lieffers. 1992. Is long-lived foliage in Picea mariana an adaptation to nutrient-poor conditions? Oecologia, 91: 184-191.

Wang, Z.M., and S.E. Macdonald. 1992. Peatland and upland black spruce populations in Alberta, Canada: Isozyme variation and seed germination ecology. Silvae Genet. 41: 117-122.

Dang, Q.L., V.J. Lieffers, R.L. Rothwell, and S.E. Macdonald. 1991. Diurnal variation and interrelations of ecophysiological parameters in three peatland woody species under different soil and weather conditions. Oecologia, 88: 317-324.

Macdonald, S.E., and V.J. Lieffers. 1991. Population variation, outcrossing, and colonization of forest cutover areas by Calamagrostis canadensis: evidence from allozyme analysis. Amer. J. Bot. 78: 1123-1129. pdfsymbol

Macdonald, S.E., and V.J. Lieffers. 1990. Photosynthesis, water relations and foliar nitrogen of Picea mariana and Larix laricina from drained and undrained peatlands. Can. J. For. Res. 20: 995-1000.

Lieffers, V.J., and S.E. Macdonald. 1990. Growth and foliar nutrient status of black spruce and tamarack in relation to depth of water table in some Alberta peatlands. Can. J. For. Res. 20: 805-809.

Cai, Q., S.E. Macdonald, and C.C. Chinnappa. 1990. Studies on the Stellaria longipes complex (Caryophyllaceae): Isozyme variability and the relationship between Stellaria longipes and S. longifolia. Plant Syst. Evol. 173: 129-141.

Macdonald, S.E., and C.C. Chinnappa. 1989. Population differentiation for phenotypic plasticity in the Stellaria longipes complex. Amer. J. Bot. 76: 1627-1637. pdfsymbol

Macdonald, S.E., C.C. Chinnappa, and D.M. Reid. 1988. Evolution of phenotypic plasticity in the Stellaria longipes complex:  Comparisons among cytotypes and habitats. Evolution 42: 1036-1046. pdfsymbol

Macdonald, S.E., C.C. Chinnappa. 1988. Patterns of variation in the Stellaria longipes complex: The effects of polyploidy and natural selection. Amer. J. Bot. 75: 1191-1200. pdfsymbol

Macdonald, S.E., C.C. Chinnappa, D.M. Reid, and B.G. Purdy. 1987. Population differentiation of the Stellaria longipes complex within Saskatchewan's Athabasca sand dunes. Can. J. Bot. 65: 1726-1732.

Macdonald, S.E., D.M. Reid, and C.C. Chinnappa. 1986. Studies on the Stellaria longipes complex: Phenotypic plasticity. II. Phytohormones and stem elongation. Can. J. Bot. 64: 2617-2621.

Macdonald, S.E., C.C. Chinnappa, and D.M. Reid. 1984. Studies on the Stellaria longipes complex: Phenotypic plasticity. I. Response of stem elongation to temperature and photoperiod. Can. J. Bot. 62: 414-419.