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Lusebrink I, N Erbilgin, M Evenden. The lodgepole × jack pine hybrid zone in Alberta, Canada: a stepping stone for the mountain pine beetle on its journey east across the boreal forest? Journal of Chemical Ecology . 39:1209-1220.


Adams AS, FO Aylward, SM Adams, N Erbilgin, B Aukema, CR Currie, G Suen, KF Raffa. Mountain pine beetles colonizing historical and naïve host trees are associated with a bacterial community highly enriched in genes contributing to terpene metabolism. Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 79: 3468-3475.


Goodsman DW, I Lusebrink**, SM Landhäusser, N Erbilgin, VJ Lieffers. Hierarchies in carbon availability, defense chemistry an susceptibility to fungal invasion along tree boles. New Phytologist. 197: 586–594.


McPherson BA, N Erbilgin, P Bonello, DL Wood. Diverse fungal species are introduced into Phytophthora ramorum-infected coast live oaks following ambrosia beetle colonization in northern California. Forest Ecology & Management. 291:30–42.


Erbilgin N, LJ Colgan. Differential effects of plant ontogeny and damage type on phloem and foliage monoterpenes in jack pine (Pinus banksiana). Tree Physiology. 32: 946–957.
Gillette NE, EM Hansen, CJ Mehmel, SR Mori, JN Webster, N Erbilgin, DL Wood. Area-wide application of verbenone-releasing flakes reduces mortality of whitebark pine, Pinus albicaulis caused by the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytinae). Agriculture and Forest Entomology 14: 367–375.
Gillette NE, JM Constance, SR Mori, JN Webster, DL Wood, N Erbilgin, DR Owen. The push-pull tactic for mitigation of mountain pine beetle in lodgepole and whitebark pines: breaching the maginot line. Environmental Entomology. 41: 15751586
Goodsman D, N Erbilgin, V Lieffers. The impact of phloem nutrients on overwintering mountain pine beetles and their fungal symbionts. Environmental Entomology. 41: 478-486.

Kausrud K, B Økland, O Skarpaas, JC Gregoire, N Erbilgin, NC Stenseth. 2012. Population dynamics in changing environments: the case of an eruptive forest pest species. Biological Review. 87:34–51.

Wick AA, J Janelle, S Pruss, N Erbilgin. First observations of Mormon Metalmark (Apodemia mormo) oviposition behaviour in Canada. Canadian Field Naturalist. 126: 34-37
Zargaran MR, N Erbilgin, Y Ghosta. 2012. Change of oak gall wasps species diversity in relation to presence of oak powdery mildew (Erysiphe alphitoides). Journal of Zoological Studies. 51: 175-184.



Colgan LJ, N Erbilgin. 2011. Tree-Mediated Interactions between the jack pine budworm and a mountain pine beetle fungal associate. Ecological Entomology. 36: 425-434.

Økland B, N Erbilgin, O Skarpaas. E Christiansen, Bo Långström. 2011. Possible ecosystem effects of species interaction between populations of native and exotic tree-killing bark beetles. Biological Invasions. 13: 1151-1164.


Zhao T, A-K Borg-Karlson, N Erbilgin, P Krokene. 2011. Host resistance elicited by exogenous application of methyl jasmonate alters the aggregation pheromone of spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus. Oecologia. 167: 691–699.


Yuceer C, C-Y Hsu, N Erbilgin, KD Klepzig. 2011. Ultrastructure of the southern pine beetle mycangium: complex morphology for complex interactions. Acta Zoologica. 92: 216-224.


Lusebrink I, ML Evenden, FG Blanchet, JEK Cooke, N Erbilgin. 2011. Effect of water stress and fungal inoculation on monoterpene emission from an historical and a new pine host of the mountain pine beetle. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 37: 1013-1026.


Kausrud KL, O Skarpaas, JC Gregoire, N Erbilgin, M Gilbert, NC Stenseth, B Økland. 2011. Trees Wanted; dead or alive! Host selection and population dynamics in tree-killing bark beetles. PLoS ONE. 6(5): e18274. http:

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Colgan LJ, N Erbilgin. 2010. The ecological interaction of the mountain pine beetle and jack pine budworm in the boreal forest. Forest Chronicle. 86: 766-774.

Masood A, S Saeed, N Erbilgin, YJ Kwon. 2010. Role of stressful mango host conditions in attraction and colonization by the mango bark beetle, Hypocryphalus mangiferae Stebbing (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and in the symptom development of quick decline on mango trees in Pakistan. Entomological Research. 40: 316-327.
Goodsman, D, VJ Lieffers, SM Landhäusser, N Erbilgin. 2010. Carbohydrate reserves of lodgepole pine decline with tree size and fertilization. Forest Ecology & Management. 260: 1914–1920
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Erbilgin N, DL Wood, TR Gordon, AJ Storer. Bark beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)-mediated fungal infections of susceptible trees induce resistance to subsequent infections in a dose dependent manner. Agr & For Ent. 11: 255-263
Keywords: Bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), fungal transmission, Fusarium circinatum, isolation percentage, propagule load, systemic induced resistance.
Gillette NE, N Erbilgin, JN Webster, L Pederson, SR Mori, JD Stein, DR Owen, KM Bischel, DL Wood. Aerially applied verbenone-releasing flakes protect Pinus contorta stands from attack by Dendroctonus ponderosae in California and Idaho. For Ecol & Manag. 257: 1405-1412
Keywords: Mountain pine beetle, Lodgepole pines, Forest pest management, Pheromones, Semiochemicals, Antiaggregation, Scolytidae, Bark beetles, Temnochila chlorodia
Gillette NE, CJ Mehmel, JN Webster, SR Mori, N Erbilgin,DL Wood, JD Stein. Aerially applied methylcyclohexenone-releasing flakes protect Pseudotsuga menziesii stands from attack by Dendroctonus pseudotsugae. For Ecol & Manag. 257: 1231-1236
Keywords: Pheromones, Bark beetles, Scolytidae, Semiochemicals, Douglas-fir beetle, Scolytinae, Curculionidae
Raffa KF, BH Aukema, BJ Bentz, N Erbilgin, DA Herms, JA Hicke, RW Hofstetter, BS Lindgren, AS Munson, DJ Robison, DL Six, PC Tobin, P Townsend, KF Wallin. A literal meaning of forest health safeguards against misuses and misapplications. (Secondary authors are listed by alphabetical order). Perspective. J For. 107(5): 276-277

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Erbilgin N, G Ritokova, DL Wood, TR Gordon, AJ Storer. Temporal variation in contamination of pine engraver beetles with Fusarium circinatum in native Monterey pine forests in California. Plant Path. 57:1103-1108.
Keywords: bark beetles, disease transmission, isolation rate, pitch canker, propagule load.
Erbilgin, N, NE Gillette, JD Stein, AS Nelson, F Uzoh, DL Wood. Acetophenone superior to verbenone for reducing attraction of western pine beetle Dendroctonus brevicomis to its aggregation pheromone. Agr & For Ent. 10:433-441.
Keywords: Anti-attractant, bark beetles, Coleoptora, predators, release rates, Scolytidae.
Zhang QH, N Erbilgin, SJ Seybold. GC-EAD responses of four bark beetle species associated with Monterey pine trees in coastal California to common host, nonhost and bark beetle volatiles: Similarities and disparities. Chemoecol. 18:243-254.
Keywords: Ambrosia beetle, bark beetle, chemical ecology, Cleridae, Coleoptera, Colydiidae, Dendroctonus valens, electrophysiology, Enoclerus sphegeus, host selection, Ips mexicanus, Ips plastographus, maritimus, kairomone, Lasconotus tuberculatus, monoterpenes, pheromone, Pinus radiata, Scolytidae, subcortical insects.
McPherson BA, N Erbilgin, DL Wood, P Svihra, AJ Storer, RB Standiford. Attraction of saprotrophic bark and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) to coast live oaks (Quercus agrifolia) infected by Phytophtora ramorum. Agr & For Ent. 10:315-321.
Keywords: Ambrosia and bark beetles, attraction, coast live oak, Coleoptera, host colonization, permethrin, Phytophthora ramorum, Quercus agrifolia, Scolytidae, Sudden oak death.

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 Erbilgin, N, NE Gillette, JD Stein, DR Owen, DL Wood. Acetophenone as an anti-attractant for the western pine beetle, Dendroctonus brevicomis, LeConte (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J Chem Ecol. 33: 817-823.
Keywords: Acetophenone, Verbenone, Fenchyl alcohol, Antiattractants, Bark beetles, Predators
Erbilgin, N, E Christiansen, P Krokene. A host monoterpene influences Ips typographus responses (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) to its aggregation pheromone: Implications for host colonization of bark beetles. Agr & For Ent. 9: 135-140.
Keywords: Attraction, bark beetles, host colonization, host terpenes, inhibition, Ips, Norway spruce, pinene, pheromone.
O’Brien ML, KL O’Hara, N Erbilgin, DL Wood. Overstory and shrub effects on natural regeneration processes in native Pinus radiata stands. For Ecol & Manag. 240: 178-185.
Keywords: Monterey pine, Gap dynamics, Seedling regeneration, Natural disturbances
N. Erbilgin, S. R. Mori, J. H. Sun, J. D. Stein, D. R. Owen, L. D. Merrill, R. Campos Bolaños, K. F. Raffa, T. Méndez Montiel, D. L. Wood, Response to Host Volatiles by Native and Introduced Populations of Dendroctonus valens (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in North America and China. J Chem Ecol. 33: 131-146.
Keywords: Bark beetles, Redturpentine beetle, Host attraction, Monoterpenes, Host–insect interactions, Pinus spp, Invasive species, Upper confidence bound, Zero counts.

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NE Bonello P, TR Gordon, DL Wood, DA Herms, N Erbilgin. Nature and ecological implications of pathogen-induced systemic resistance in conifers: A novel hypothesis. Physiol & Mol Plant Path. 68: 95-104.
Keywords: Genus Pinus, Localized resistance, Systemic resistance, Plant defense theory, Fungal pathogens, Insects
Erbilgin, N, Christiansen, P Krokene, G Zeneli, J Gershenzon. Exogenous application of methyl jasmonate elicits defenses in Norway spruce (Picea abies) and reduces host colonization by the bark beetle Ips typographus. Oecologia 148: 426-436
Keywords: Conifers, Induced defenses, Phenolics, Terpenes

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Raffa KF, BH Aukema, N Erbilgin, KD Klepzig, KF Wallin. Interactions among conifer terpenoids and bark beetles across multiple levels of scale: an attempt to understand links between population patterns and physiological processes. Recent Advances in Phytochem. 39: 79-118.
Conference Information: 44th Annual Meeting of the Phytochemical-Society-of-North-America, Date: JUL 24-28, 2004 Univ Ottawa Ottawa CANADA
Økland B, A Liebhold, O Bjørnstad, N Erbilgin, P Krokene. Are bark beetle outbreaks less synchronous than forest Lepidoptera outbreaks? Oecologia 146: 365-372
Keywords: Spatial synchrony, Scolytidae, Moth, Weather, Population dynamics
Erbilgin N, AJ Storer, DL Wood, TR Gordon. Colonization of cut branches of five coniferous hosts of the pitch canker fungus (Fusarium circinatum) by Pityophthorus spp. (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in central, coastal California. Can Ent. 137: 337-349.

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Erbilgin N, DL Dahlsten, P Chen. interactions between generalist predators and an introduced parasitoid of Glycaspis brimblecombei (Homoptera: Psylloidea). Bio Cont 31:329-337.
Keywords: Psyllids, Glycaspis brimblecombei, Specialist parasitoid, Psyllaephagus bliteus, Generalist predators, Anthocoris nemoralis, Intraguild predation
Dahlsten DL, DL Six, AB Lawson, DL Rowney, N Erbilgin, KF Raffa. Attraction of Ips pini (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and its predators to natural attractants and synthetic semiochemicals: implications for population monitoring in northern California. Environ Ent. 33:1554-1561.
Keywords: Temnochila chlorodia, Enoclerus lecontei, Enoclerus sphegeus, biological control, chemical ecology

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Erbilgin N, KF Raffa. Spatial analysis of forest gaps resulting from bark beetle colonization of red pines experiencing belowground herbivory and root infection. For Ecol & Manag 177: 145-153.
Kewwords: Forest decline, spatial analysis, radial growth, below ground herbivory, Leptographium, Bark beetles
Erbilgin N, JS Powell, KF Raffa. Effect of varying monoterpene concentrations on the response of Ips pini (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) to its aggregation pheromone: implications for pest management and ecology of bark beetles. Agr & For Ent 5: 269-274
Keywords: α-pinene, bark beetles, Ips, pheromones, predators, solid phase microextraction, terpenes, Thanasimus.
Dahlsten DL, DL Six, N Erbilgin, KF Raffa, AB Lawson, DL Rowney. Attraction of Ips pini (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and its predators to various enantiomeric ratios of ipsdienol and lanierone in California: implications for the augmentation and conservation of natural enemies. Environ Ent 32: 1115-1122.
Keywords: pheromones, biological control, augmentation, natural enemy conservation

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Erbilgin N, KF Raffa. Association of declining red pine stands with reduced populations of bark beetle predators, seasonal increases in root colonizing insects, and incidence of root pathogens. For Ecol & Manag 164: 221-236
Keywords: Forest decline, scolytidae, Hylobius, predators, Leptographium, dispersal
Erbilgin N, EV Nordheim, BH Aukema, KF Raffa. Population dynamics of Ips pini and Ips grandicollis in red pine plantations in Wisconsin: within- and between- year associations with predators, competitors, and habitat quality. Environ Ent 31: 1043-1051.
Keywords: population dynamics, Ips, predators, Thanasimus, Platysoma, conifer

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Erbilgin N, KF Raffa. Modulation of predator attraction to pheromones of two prey species by stereochemistry of plant volatiles. Oecologia 127: 444-453.
Kewwords: Enemy free space · pheromones · phenotypic plasticity · scolytidae · predation
Erbilgin N, KF Raffa. Kairomonal range of generalist predators in specialized habitats: responses to multiple phloeophagous species emitting pheromones vs. host odors. Ent Exp et App 99: 205-210.
Keywords: host range, chemical cues, predators, Scolytidae, Cleridae, Histeridae, Trogositidae, coevolution, biological control
Erbilgin N, A Szele, KD Klepzig, KF Raffa. Trap type, chirality of α-pinene, and geographic region affect sampling efficiency of root and lower stem insects in pine. J Econ Ent 94: 1113-1121.
Keywords: Pinus, Hylobius, Hylastes, Dendroctonus, root insects, chemical ecology

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Erbilgin N, KF Raffa. Effects of host tree species on attractiveness of tunneling pine engraver, Ips pini (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), to conspecifics and insect predators. J Chem Ecol 26: 823-840.
Keywords: lps pini, Coleoptera, Scolytidae, aggregation pheromone, Thanasimus dubius, Cleridae, Platysoma cylindrica, Histeridae, kairomone, host attraction
Erbilgin N, KF Raffa. Opposing effects of host monoterpenes on responses by two sympatric species of bark beetles to their aggregation pheromones. J Chem Ecol 26: 2527-2548.
Keywords: Ips pini, Ips grandicollis, Dendroctonus valens, Coleoptera, Scolytidae, aggregation pheromone, conifer monoterpenes, chirality, kairomones, niche partitioning, sympatry.

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In Press

Erbilgin N, C Ma, C Whitehouse, B Shan, A Najar, M Evenden. Chemical similarity between historical and novel host plants promotes range and host expansion of the mountain pine beetle in a naïve host ecosystem. New Phytologist.
Wick AA, S Pruss, JR Spence, N Erbilgin. Microhabitat use in a northern peripheral population of Apodemia mormo: factors beyond the host plant. Journal of Lepidopterist.
Treu R, J Karst, M Randall, GJ Pec, P Cigan, S Simard, J Cooke, N Erbilgin, JF Cahill, Jr. Decline of ectomycorrhizal fungi following mountain pine beetle infestation. Ecology.

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