The Lives of Ss. Edmund and Fremund: Bibliography
[Picture of Lydgate]

The Canon of John Lydgate Project


The Lives of Ss. Edmund and Fremund: Introduction

Bibliography: Works Cited in this Edition
Abbo.
Abbo, Passio sancti Edmundi (written about 985, purporting to be a record of the story as told to Abbo by Dunstan, who had heard it directly from Edmund's sword-bearer): this appears in Arnold's Memorials 1: 3-25; also in Three Lives of English Saints, ed. Michael Winterbottom; Toronto Medieval Latin Texts (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, for the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, 1972), pp. 65-87. [From London, British Library, MS Cotton Tiberius B.ii.]
Aelfric.
Aelfric, Life of St. Edmund (written before 1002, in Old English, and based on Abbo's "Passio"): a convenient edition of the Old English text is to be found in Aelfric, Lives of Three English Saints, ed. G. I. Needham, Methuen's Old English Library, London: Methuen and Co., 1966. pp. 43-59. A modern English translation of the Old English text appears in Anglo-Saxon Prose, trans. Michael Swanton, Everyman's Library, London: J. M. Dent and Sons, 1975, pp. 97-103.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
The Parker Chronicle, 832-900. Ed. A. H. Smith; bibliog. by M. J. Swanton. 2nd ed. Exeter Medieval English Texts. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1980.
Arnold.
Arnold, E. Thomas, ed. Memorials of St. Edmund's Abbey. Rerum Britannicarum Medii Ævi Scriptores ("Rolls Series") 96. 3 vols. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, for HMSO, 1890-1896.
Bede.
Bede, the Venerable, Saint (673-735). Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Ed. Bertram Colgrave and R. A. B. Mynors. Oxford Medieval Texts. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969. [English translation: A History of the English Church and People. Trans. Leo Sherley-Price; rev. R. E. Latham. 2nd ed. Penguin Classics. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1968.] Bk. 3, Chap. 18 on the foundation of monastery at Beodericsworth by Sigeberht.
Dictionary of National Biography.
Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee. 21 vols. London: Smith, Elder, and Co., 1908-1909. [on Henry VI, Lydgate, St. Edmund, Thomas Audeley.]
Doyle.
Doyle, A. I. "Book Production by the Monastic Orders in England (c. 1375-1530): Assessing the Evidence." In Medieval Book Production: Assessing the Evidence; Proceedings of the Second Conference of The Seminar in the History of the Book to 1500, Oxford, July 1988. Ed. Linda L. Brownrigg. Los Altos Hills, CA: Red Gull Press / Anderson-Lovelace, 1990. Pp. 1-19.
Dugdale.
Dugdale, William (Sir). Monasticon Anglicanum: A History of the Abbies and Other Monasteries, Hospitals, Friaries, and Cathedral and Collegiate Churches in England and Wales; Also of Such Scotch, Irish, and French Monasteries As Were in Any Manner Connected with Religious Houses in England. 2nd ed. Ed. John Caley, Henry Ellis, and Rev. Bulkeley Bandinel. 6 vols. in 8. London: Longman, 1817-1830. [3: 98-176 on Bury St. Edmunds.]
Geoffrey of Wells.
Geoffrey of Wells (Gaufridus de Fontibus). "De infantia Sancti Eadmundi." In Arnold's Memorials, 1: 93-106.
Goodwin.
Goodwin, A. The Abbey of St. Edmundsbury: The Gladstone Memorial Prize Essay, 1926. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1931.
Harley Manuscripts Catalogue.
London, British Museum. A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum with Indexes of Persons, Places, and Matters. 4 vols. London: By Royal Command, 1808-1812; rpt. Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1973.
Heale.
Heale, Nicholas James. "Religious and Intellectual Interests at St. Edmunds Abbey at Bury and the Nature of English Benedictinism, c. 1350-1450: MS Bodley 240 in Context." D.Phil. thesis, University of Oxford, 1994.
Hermannus.
Hermannus the Archdeacon. "De miraculis Sancti Eadmundi." In Arnold's Memorials 1: 26-92.
Horstmann.
Horstmann, C[arl], ed. Altenglische Legenden: Neue Folge, mit Einleitung und Anmerkungen. Heilbronn: Gebr. Henninger, 1881.
Index of Middle English Verse.
Brown, Carleton, and Rossell Hope Robbins. The Index of Middle English Verse. New York: Columbia University Press, for the Index Society, 1943. Also its "Supplement": Robbins, Rossell Hope, and John Cutler. Supplement to the Index of Middle English Verse. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1965.
James.
James, Montague Rhodes. "Bibliotheca Buriensis." The first of two essays in his On the Abbey of S. Edmund at Bury. Cambridge Antiquarian Society Publications, Octavo Publications 28. Cambridge: Cambridge Antiquarian Society, 1895. Pp. 1-114.
King.
King, Edward. "An Account of the Great Seal of Ranulph Earl of Chester; and of two ancient Inscriptons found in the Ruins of St. Edmund Bury Abbey: By Edward King, Esq; In a Letter to the Rev. Mr. Norris, Sec[retary of the] A[ntiquarian] S[ociety]." Archaeologia 4 (1777): 119-131 and 2 plates. [Reports on several recent finds, including (pp. 130-131) what appears to be a portion of Lydgate's tomb found in the crypt of the ruins of the Abbey church.]
Lasko.
Lasko, P[eter], and N[igel] J. Morgan, eds. Medieval Art in East Anglia, 1300-1500. London: Thames and Hudson; Norwich: Norwich Castle Museum, 1973. [Catalogue of an Exhibition held at the Castle Museum, Norwich, 1973. Item 66 is MS Harley 2278, the presentation copy of "Lives of Ss. Edmund and Fremund": "The manuscript is central to the theory of a school of painting centred in Bury St. Edmunds, 1420-40. . . . As Lydgate was a monk of Bury it is likely that he may have personally supervised the decoration of the book."]
Legge.
Legge, M[ary] Dominica, ed. Anglo-Norman Letters and Petitions from All Souls MS. 182. Anglo-Norman Text Society, Anglo-Norman Texts 3. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, for the Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1941. Pp. 411-412 [Prints a letter from Henry, Prince of Wales, to the Abbot and Chapter of Bury, with regard to "Dan J. L.'s" studies in Oxford].
London Encyclopedia.
Weinreb, Ben, and Christopher Hibbert, eds. The London Encyclopaedia. 2nd ed. London: PaperMac / Pan Macmillan, 1993. [1st ed. 1983]
Loomis.
Loomis, [Charles] Grant. "The Growth of the Saint Edmund Legend." Harvard Studies and Notes in Philology and Literature 14: (1932): 83-113; and "Saint Edmund and the Lodbrok (Lothbroc) Legend." Harvard Studies and Notes in Philology and Literature 15: (1933): 1-23.
Lowndes.
Lowndes, G. Alan. "History of the Priory at Hatfield Regis alias Hatfield Broad Oak." Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society ns 2 (1884): 117-152. [Two records relating to the Priory and in which Lydgate is named are described on pp. 146-147.]
Manual of the Writings in Middle English.
Renoir, Alain, and C. David Benson. "John Lydgate." In A Manual of the Writings in Middle English, 1050-1500. Ed. J. Burke Severs and Albert E. Hartung. New Haven: Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1967- [in progress: nine volumes to date]. 6: 1809-1920 and 2071-2175.
McKeehan.
McKeehan, Irene Pettit. "St. Edmund of East Anglia: The Development of a Romantic Legend." University of Colorado Studies General series 15 (1925): 13-74. [This is Chap. 2 of her "Some Relationships between the Medieval Legends of British Saints and Medieval Romance." Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1923.]
Ord.
Ord, Craven. "Account of the Entertainment of King Henry the Sixth at the Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's: Communicated by Craven Ord, Esq. F.R.S. and F.A.S. from an Original MS. of the Register Curteys of that Monastery in his Possession, in a Letter to the President." Archæologia 15 (1806): 65-71. [Ord prints the Latin account of Henry's visit, "De adventu regis Henrici VI ad monasterium de Sancto Edmundo 1433," preserved in the Register of Abbot Curteys, now London, British Library, MS Addit. 14848, ff. 128r-128v.]
Pearsall.
Pearsall, Derek. John Lydgate. Medieval Authors: Poets of the Later Middle Ages. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul; Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1970.
Rickert.
Rickert, Margaret. Painting in Britain in the Middle Ages. 2nd ed. Pelican History of Art Z5. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1965. [1st ed. 1954. P. 183 and Pl. 183A on Harley 2278: a manuscript which illustrates the "tinted outline style" which may have originated in Bury St. Edmunds.]
Rogers.
Rogers, Nicholas J. "Fitzwilliam Museum MS 3-1979: A Bury St. Edmunds Book of Hours and the Origins of the Bury Style." In England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium. Ed. Daniel Williams. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell and Brewer, 1987. Pp. 229-243 and plates 1-14. [On the "Bury Style" as seen in this Fitzwilliam "Book of Hours" and also in manuscripts like Harley 2278.]
Sawyer.
Sawyer, P. H. From Roman Britain to Norman England. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1978. [something of an updating of Stenton's history; pp. 114-120 on "The Vikings"]
Schirmer.
Schirmer, Walter F[ranz]. John Lydgate: A Study in the Culture of the XVth Century. Trans. Ann E. Keep. London: Methuen; Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961. [Trans. of John Lydgate: Ein Kulturbild aus dem 15. Jarhundert, 1952.]
Scott.
Scott, Kathleen L. "Lydgate's Lives of Saints Edmund and Fremund: A Newly-Located Manuscript in Arundel Castle." Viator 13 (1982): 335-366. [The Arundel Castle MS of "Edmund and Fremund" is a sister to London, British Library, MS Yates Thompson 47; both are the work of the "Edmund-Fremund Scribe," working probably in Bury or environs in the 1460s, and who produced some nine manuscripts of Lydgate's works. The roughly 50 miniatures in Arundel and Yates Thompson are largely derived from miniatures in Harley 2278, demonstrating that a tradition of illustrating the poem was handed down along with the text.]
Seymour.
Seymour, M[aurice] C[harles]. "Some Lydgate Manuscripts: Lives of SS Edmund and Fremund and Danse Macabre." Edinburgh Bibliographical Society Transactions 5.4 (1983-4, 1984-5): 10-24.
Stevens.
Stevens, Martin. "The Royal Stanza in Early English Literature." PMLA 94 (1979): 62-76.
Stenton.
Stenton, F. M. Anglo-Saxon England. 3rd ed. Oxford History of England 2. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971. [standard work on Anglo-Saxon history, including the Viking invasions of East Anglia (Chap. 8, "The Age of Alfred," pp. 239-??]
Stow.
Stow, John. A Survey of London by John Stow, Reprinted from the Text of 1603, with Introduction and Notes. Ed. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908. [orig. pub. 1598]
Stratham.
Stratham, Margaret. St Edmundsbury Cathedral. A Pitkin Cathedral Guide. Andover: Pitkin Pictorials, 1993.
Thomson.
Thomson, R. M. The Archives of the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. Suffolk Record Society 21. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell and Brewer, 1980.
Victoria County History of Essex.
Fowler, R. C. "The Priory of Hatfield Regis or Broadoak." In The Victoria History of the County of Essex. Ed. H. Arthur Doubleday, et al. 10 vols. London: Archibald Constable and Co., et al., 1903-1987. 2: 107-110.
Victoria County History of Suffolk.
Cox, J. C. "The Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds." In The Victoria History of the County of Suffolk. Ed. William Page. 2 vols. London: Archibald Constable and Co., 1907-1911. 2: 56-72, and Plate 1 (facing p. 72). [rpt. Folkestone, Kent: William Dawson and Sons Ltd., for the University of London Institute of Historical Research, 1975.]
Watson.
Watson, Andrew G. Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts, The British Library. 2 vols. (Texts and Plates). London: British Library, 1979.
West Suffolk County Library.
West Suffolk County Library. West Suffolk in Retrospect: Collotype Reproductions of Old Prints. Bury St. Edmunds: West Suffolk County Library, 1974. [for the engraving of Melford Hall]
West.
West, S. E. "A New Site for the Martyrdom of St. Edmund?" Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History 35 (1983): 223-225.
Whitelock.
Whitelock, Dorothy. "Fact and Fiction in the Legend of St. Edmund." Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology 31 (1970, for 1969): 217-233.
Whittingham.
Whittingham, A. B. Bury St Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk. London: English Heritage, 1992; reprinting a paper first published in the Archaeological Journal 108 (1951): 168-187 and Plates XIX-XX ("Bury St. Edmunds Abbey: The Plan, Design and Development of the Church and Monastic Buildings"). [A history of the abbey and description of its remains.]
Wright, English Vernacular Hands.
Wright, C. E. English Vernacular Hands from the Twelfth to the Fifteenth Centuries. Oxford Palaeographical Handbooks. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1960.
Wright, Fontes Harleiani.
Wright, Cyril Ernest. Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts Preserved in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum. British Museum Bicentenary Publications. London: Trustees of the British Museum, 1972.
Wright, Letters Relating to the Suppression of the Monasteries.
Wright, Thomas, ed. Three Chapters of Letters Relating to the Suppression of the Monasteries, Edited from the Originals in the British Museum. Camden Society Publications 26. London: John Bowyer Nichols and Son, for the Camden Society, 1843.

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