CONFERENCE and WORKSHOP ABSTRACTS

  • S. M. ElBasiouny, D. J. Bennett and V. K. Mushahwar, “Role of Persistent Inward Currents (PICs) in Enhancement and Integration of Synaptic Inputs in Spinal Motoneurons,” Society for Neuroscience 35th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, November 2005.

  • J. A. Norton, L. Guevremont and V. K. Mushahwar, “Significance of Sensory Input for Stepping in Chronically Spinalised Cats,” Society for Neuroscience 35th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, November 2005.

  • S. M. ElBasiouny, D. J. Bennett and V. K. Mushahwar,Role of Persistent Inward Currents in the Enhancement and Integration of Synaptic Inputs in Spinal Motoneurons,” 6th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, Banff, Alberta, October 2005.

  • L. Guevremont, J. A. Norton, B. Lau and V. K. Mushahwar,Generating Overground Locomotion Using A Simple Closed-Loop Controller,” 6th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, Banff, Alberta, October 2005.

  • D. P. Hallihan, P. S. Allen and V. K. Mushahwar,Non-invasive NMR and Spinal Cord Injury: Coil Development,” 6th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, Banff, Alberta, October 2005.

  • L. Solis, D. Hallihan, R. Uwiera, R. Thompson and V. K. Mushahwar, “Early detection of deep muscle necrosis (Deep pressure sores),” 6th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, Banff, Alberta, October 2005.

  • R. Calixto, P. Musienko, S. Baker, J. Norton and V. K. Mushahwar, “What does intraspinal microstimulation activate?” 6th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, Banff, Alberta, October 2005.
  • J. Bamford, T. Putman and V. K. Mushahwar, “Electrical Activation of Skeletal Muscle by Intraspinal Microstimulation,” 6th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, Banff, Alberta, October 2005.

  • B. Lau, L. Guevremont and V. K. Mushahwar,Open-Loop and Closed-Loop Control of Standing Using Functional Electrical Stimulation,” 6th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, Banff, Alberta, October 2005.

  • L. Guevremont, J. A. Norton, B. Lau and V. K. Mushahwar,An Open- and Closed-Loop Control System for Generating Over-ground Locomotion using Functional Electrical Stimulation,” NIH Annual Neural Interfaces Workshop, Bethesda, MD, September 2005.

  • R. Gaunt, V. K. Mushahwar and A. Prochazka, “Controlling lower urinary tract function with electrical stimulation in the central and peripheral nervous system,” NIH Annual Neural Interfaces Workshop, Bethesda, MD, September 2005.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, “Intraspinal Microstimulation for Restoring Limb Movements after Spinal Cord Injury,” NIH Annual Neural Interfaces Workshop, Bethesda, MD, September 2005.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, “Intraspinal Microstimulation for Restoring Limb Movements after Spinal Cord Injury,” Annual Meeting of the International Spinal Research Network, London, UK, September 2005.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, S. Chhibber, A. Prochazka, S. K. Patrick, L. Sanelli and D. J. Bennett, “Quantifying Spasticity in Spinal Rats,” 10th Annual Meeting of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Montreal, Quebec, July 2005.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, “Tapping into the Spinal Cord for Restoring Function after Injury: Intraspinal Microstimulation,” Annual Neuromorphic Engineering Workshop, Telluride, Co, June-July 2005.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, “Could Cortical Signals Control Intraspinal Stimulators?” 3rd International Meeting on Brain Computer Interfaces, Rensselaerville, NY, June 2005.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, “Taming the Spinal Cord after Injury: Intraspinal Microstimulation,” Annual Symposium of the Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Louisville, Kentucky, June 2005.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, “Novel Electrical Stimulation Techniques for Restoring Limb Function,” 1st Annual Lexingtion Symposium on Translational Neuroscience, Lexington, Kentucky, April 2005.

  • L. Guevremont, J. A. Norton and V. K. Mushawhar,Open- and Closed-Loop Control of Locomotion in Spinalised Cats using Intraspinal Microstimulation,” NIH Annual Neuroprostheses Workshop, Bethesda, MD, November 2004.

  • L. Guevremont, N. Gupta, J. A. Norton and V. K. Mushahwar, “Intraspinal Microstimulation: A Novel Technique for Restoring Standing and Stepping after Spinal Cord Injury,” Annual Glenrose Research Day, Glenrose Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, 28 October 2004.

  • L. Solis, D. Hallihan and V. K. Mushahwar, “Pressure Sore Prevention using Electrical Stimulation,” Annual Glenrose Research Day, Glenrose Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, 28 October 2004.

  • D. Hallihan, C. C. Hanstock, P. S. Allen and V. K. Mushahwar,” Non-invasively Assessing Spinal Cord Injury using Magnetic Resonance,” Annual Glenrose Research Day, Glenrose Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, 28 October 2004.

  • C. G. Renzi, B. Kennedy, J. Dyck, K. Kowalczewski, K. Fenrich, D. Feddersen, K. Fouad and V. K. Mushahwar,Implantable system for cerebro-spinal fluid exchange for intervention in secondary spinal cord injury,” Annual Glenrose Research Day, Glenrose Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, 28 October 2004.

  • D. Barthelemy, S. Rossignol and V. K. Mushahwar, “Intraspinal microstimulation in segments L3-L4 of chronic spinal cats can induce locomotion”, Society for Neuroscience 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, October 2004.

  • S. ElBasiouny and V. K. Mushahwar, “Spatial Distribution of Low Voltage Activated L-Type Calcium in the Dendrites of Cat Lumbar Motoneurons”, Society for Neuroscience 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, October 2004.

  • J. Bamford, C. T. Putman and V. K. Mushahwar, “Intraspinal microstimulation activates a mixed fiber population and produces graded force recruitment,” Society for Neuroscience 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, October 2004.

  • D. Hallihan, P. S. Allen and V. K. Mushahwar, “NMR Transverse Relaxation and Spinal Cord Injury,” 5th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, Banff, Alberta, October 2004.

  • L. Guevremont, J. A. Norton and V. K. Mushahwar, “Development of a Control System for Generating Locomotion using Intraspinal Microstimulation,” 5th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, Banff, Alberta, October 2004.

  • L. Solis, D. Hallihan, C. Hanstock, R. Thompson, P. Allen and V. Mushahwar, “Detection of Deep Pressure Sores using In-vivo Magnetic Resonance,” 5th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, Banff, Alberta, October 2004.

  • L. Guevremont, N. Gupta, J. A. Norton and V. K. Mushahwar, “Intraspinal Microstimulation: A Novel Technique for Restoring Standing and Stepping after Spinal Cord Injury,” University of Alberta Alumni Open House, Edmonton, Alberta, September 2004.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, R. Saigal, J. Bamford, L. Guevremont and J. Norton, “Efficacy of intraspinal microstimulation in restoring stepping after spinal cord injury,” 9th Annual Meeting of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Bournemouth, UK, September 2004.

  • S. ElBasiouny and V. K. Mushahwar, “Dendritic Spatial Distribution of LVA L-Type Calcium in Cat Spinal Motoneurons,” Active Dendrites in Motor Neurons Triennial Meeting, Boulder, Colorado, June 2004.

  • S. ElBasiouny, K. E. Jones and V. K. Mushahwar, “Dendritic distribution of L-type calcium channels in cat lumbar motoneurons: Insights from a simulation study,” Annual Meeting of the Canadian Physiological Society, Vernon, British Colombia, February 2004.

  • L. Guevremont, J. Norton and V. K. Mushahwar, “Intraspinal microstimulation electrodes remain stable and can generate functional locomotor patterns in chronically implanted and spinalized cats,” Annual Meeting of the Canadian Physiological Society, Vernon, British Colombia, February 2004.

  • J. Bamford, S. Rashid, C. T. Putman and V. K. Mushahwar, “Mixed fiber type recruitment by intraspinal microstimulation is maintained at high stimulation amplitudes,” Annual Meeting of the Canadian Physiological Society, Vernon, British Colombia, February 2004.

  • D. Barthelemy, S. Rossignol and V. K. Mushahwar, “Intraspinal electrical stimulation in L3-L4 segments of chronic spinal cats may induce locomotion,’’ Annual Meeting of the Canadian Physiological Society, Vernon, British Colombia, February 2004.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, Y. Aoyagi, R. B. Stein and A. Prochazka, “Primitives in the Spinal Cord,” Annual Meeting of the Canadian Physiological Society, Vernon, British Colombia, February 2004.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, “Novel electrical stimulation techniques for restoring limb function after spinal cord injury,” 10th International Society for Neural Regeneration, Monterey, California, December 2003

  • D. Hallihan, A. Yahya, K. Wachowicz, C. C. Hanstock, V. K. Mushahwar and P. S. Allen, “Non-Invasive Assessment of Spinal Cord Injury using Water Compartmentalization Measures,” Society for Neuroscience 33rd Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2003.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, A. Prochazka, P. H. Ellaway, L. Guevremont and R. A. Gaunt, “Microstimulation in CNS excites axons well before neuronal cell bodies,” Society for Neuroscience 33rd Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2003.

  • R. Gaunt, A. Prochazka, V. Mushahwar, J. Downie and S. Shefchyk, “Intraspinal microstimulation for bladder control before and after chronic spinalization,” Society for Neuroscience 33rd Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2003.

  • J. A. Bamford, S. Rashid, C. T. Putman and V. K. Mushahwar, “Intraspinal Microstimulation Induces Mixed Recruitment of Muscle Fiber Types,” Society for Neuroscience 33rd Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2003.

  • L. Guevremont, C. G. Renzi, J. Kowalczewski, R. Saigal and V. K. Mushahwar, “Tonic Intraspinal Microstimulation of the Lumbosacral Cord Generates Rhythmic Walking in Spinal Cats,” Society for Neuroscience 33rd Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2003.

  • S. M. ElBasiouny, S. Chhibber, K. E. Jones and V. K. Mushahwar, “Modeling the Effects of Extracellular Stimulation on the Behaviour of Motoneurons after Spasticity,” Society for Neuroscience 33rd Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2003.

  • S. Chhibber, A. Prochazka, S. Patrick, L. Sanelli, D. Bennett, S. Yakovenko and V.K. Mushahwar, “Quantifying Spasticity in Spinal Rats” NIH Annual Neuroprostheses Workshop, Bethesda, MD, October 2003

  • L. Guevremont, J. A. Norton and V. K. Mushahwar, “A Chronic Study of ISMS in Spinalised Cats,” NIH Annual Neuroprostheses Workshop, Bethesda, MD, October 2003

  • V. K. Mushahwar, “Novel Electrical Stimulation Techniques for Restoring Limb Function,” Congress of the International Brain Research Organization, Prague, Czech Republic, July 2003.

  • L. Guevremont, C.G. Renzi, J. Kowalczewski and V.K. Mushahwar, “Tonic intraspinal microstimualtion of the lumbosacral enlargement can generate rhythmic walking patterns in cats,” Congress of the International Brain Research Organization, Prague, Czech Republic, July 2003.

  • D. Hallihan, A. Yahya, K. Wachowicz, C. Hanstock, V. K. Mushahwar and P. S. Allen, “The Observation of Water Compartmentalization In-vivo in the Feline Lumbar Spinal Cord,” International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 11th Scientific Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, July 2003.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, L. Guevremont, C. G. Renzi and J. Kowalczewski, “Distributed Nature of Locomotor Networks in the Lumbosacral Enlargement of the Adult Spinal Cat,” Annual Meeting of the Society for the Neural Control of Movement, Santa Barbara, California, April 2003.

  • S. Chhibber and V. K. Mushahwar, “Quantifying Spasticity in Spinal Rats,” Society for Neuroscience 32nd Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, November 2002.

  • R. Saigal and V. K. Mushahwar, “Intraspinal Microstimulation of the Lumbosacral Cord after Spinal Cord Injury,” Society for Neuroscience 32nd Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, November 2002.

  • A. Prochazka, V. K. Mushahwar, S. J. Shefchyck and J. W. Downie, “Bladder Control with Intraspinal Microstimulation,” Society for Neuroscience 32nd Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, November 2002.

  • V. K. Mushahwar and R. Saigal, “Spinal Cord Stimulation for Restoration of Locomotion,” 2nd Joint EMBS-BMES Meeting, Houston, Texas, October 2002.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, D. M. Gillard, M. J. A. Gauthier and A. Prochazka, “Functional Intraspinal Microstimulation for Restoring Limb Movements after Spinal Cord Injury,” IV World Congress on Biomechanics, Calgary, Alberta, August 2002.

  • V. K. Mushahwar and A. Prochazka, “Intraspinal Microstimulation may Improve Motor Function following Injury,” The 1st Joint ASIA/IMSOP Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, May 2002.

  • V. K. Mushahwar and A. Prochazka, “Movements of the Paralyzed Tail Controlled by Spinal Cord Microstimulation after a Chronic Transection,” Spinal Cord Trauma: Neural Repair and Functional Recovery (23rd Annual Symposium of the Centre de echerché en sciences neurologiques), Montreal, Quebec, May 6-8, 2001.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, G. M. Gillard, M. J. A. Gauthier and A. Prochazka, “Spinal Cord Microstimulation Generates Locomotor and Target-directed Movements,” Society for Neuroscience 30th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2000. 

  • A. Prochazka and V. K. Mushahwar, "Activation of Paralyzed Muscles with Intraspinal Microstimulation after Chronic Spinal Transection," Society for Neuroscience 31st Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, November 2001.


  • V. K. Mushahwar, A. Prochazka and C. T. Putman, "The Use of Intraspinal Microstimulation for restoring Functional Limb Movements after Spinal Cord Injury," NIH 32nd Annual Neural Prosthesis Workshop Proceedings, October 2001.


  • V. K. Mushahwar and A. Prochazka, "Movements of the Paralyzed Tail Controlled by Spinal Cord Microstimulation after a Chronic Transection," Spinal Cord Trauma: Neural Repair and Functional Recovery (23rd Annual Symposium of the Centre de recherche en sciences neurologiques), Montreal, Quebec, May 6-8, 2001.


  • V. K. Mushahwar, G. M. Gillard, M. J. A. Gauthier and A. Prochazka, "Spinal Cord Microstimulation Generates Locomotor and Target-directed Movements," Society for Neuroscience 30th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2000. Poster Visited By Mr. Christopher Reeve


  • A. Prochazka and V. K. Mushahwar, "Spinal Cord Microstimulation Boosts Voluntary Activation of Muscles," Society for Neuroscience 30th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2000. Poster Visited By Mr. Christopher Reeve


  • V. Gritsenko, V. K. Mushahwar, K. G. Pearson and A. Prochazka, "Stretch Reflexes Increase after Partial Denervation of Cat Triceps Surae Muscles," Society for Neuroscience 30th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2000.


  • Y. Aoyagi, V. K. Mushahwar, R. B. Stein and A. Prochazka, "Are 'Movement Primitives' Determined by Spinal Cord Circuitry or Biomechanics?" Society for Neuroscience 30th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2000.

  • S. Yakovenko, V. K. Mushahwar, V. Vanderhorst, G. Holstege and A. Prochazka, "Spinal Motoneuron Activity during Gait: The Movie," Society for Neuroscience 30th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 2000. Poster Visited By Mr. Christopher Reeve


  • V. K. Mushahwar and A. Prochazka, "Spinal Cord Microstimulation: Long-term Stability of Implanted Wires and Evoked Responses," Proceedings of the 5th Annual IFESS meeting: pp. 127-128, 2000.


  • A. Prochazka and V. K. Mushahwar, "Spinal Cord Microstimulation Boosts Voluntary Contractions," Proceedings of the 5th Annual IFESS meeting: p. 132, 2000.


  • V. Gritsenko, V. K. Mushahwar and A. Prochazka, "Stretch Reflexes Increase after Partial Denervation of Cat Triceps Surae Muscles," Meeting of the Physiological Society, London, England. J Physiol (525P): 49P, 2000.


  • S. Yakovenko, V. K. Mushahwar, V. Vanderhorst, G. Holstege and A. Prochazka, "Locus of Activation of Spinal Motoneuron Pools in the Cat Step Cycle," Meeting of the Physiological Society, London, England. J Physiol (525P): 42P, 2000.


  • A. Prochazka and V. K. Mushahwar, "Voluntary Muscle Contractions can be Boosted by Spinal Cord Microstimulation," Meeting of the Physiological Society, London, England. J Physiol (525P): 6S, 2000.


  • V. K. Mushahwar and A. Prochazka, "Spinal Cord Microstimulation: Long-term Stability of Implanted Microwires," Society for Neuroscience 29th Annual Meeting Abstracts, 25: p. 1152, 1999. An extended version of the abstract also appeared in the NIH 30th Annual Neural Prosthesis Workshop Proceedings, 1999.

  • A. Prochazka and V. K. Mushahwar, "Spinal Cord Microstimulation: Activation of Contralateral Muscles," Society for Neuroscience 29th Annual Meeting Abstracts, 25: p. 1152, 1999.

  • V. K. Mushahwar, D. F. Collins and A. Prochazka, "Spinal Cord Microstimulation for Selective Control of Movement in Chronically Implanted Cats," Society for Neuroscience 28th Annual Meeting Abstracts, 24: p. 916, 1998. Abstract also appeared in Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement Symposium Proceedings (Tucson, Arizona, November 1998).


  • V. K. Mushahwar, L. E. Tang and R. L. Segal, "Evidence for Programmed Movements in Kinematic and EMG Activity Patterns," Proceedings of the 12th International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology Congress, pp. 68-69, 1998. Abstract also appeared in Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement Symposium Proceedings (Tucson, Arizona, November 1998).


  • V. K. Mushahwar and K. W. Horch, "Selective Activation and Graded Recruitment of Functional Muscle Groups through Spinal Cord Stimulation," Proceedings of the New York Academy of Sciences Conference on Neural Mechanisms for Generating Locomotor Activity, 1998.


  • V. K. Mushahwar and R. L. Segal, "Effect of Velocity on Muscle Synergies," Society for Neuroscience 27th Annual Meeting Abstracts, 23: p. 2096, 1997.


  • V. K. Mushahwar and K. W. Horch, "Feasibility of Spinal Cord Stimulation for Restoring Mobility in Paraplegia," NIH 28th Annual Neural Prosthesis Workshop Proceedings, 1997.


  • V. K. Mushahwar and K. W. Horch, "Interleaved Dual-channel Stimulation of the Ventral Lumbo-sacral Spinal Cord Reduces Muscle Fatigue," Proceedings of the Combined 2nd Annual IFESS and 5th Triennial Neural Prostheses Conference, pp. 11-12, 1997.


  • V. K. Mushahwar and K. W. Horch, "Electrical Stimulation of the Ventral Lumbo-sacral Spinal Cord Results in Mixed Recruitment Order of Quadriceps and Tibialis Anterior Motor Units," Proceedings of the 18th Annual International Conference of the IEEE - EMBS, pp. 1142-1143, 1996.


  • V. K. Mushahwar and K. W. Horch, "Electrical Microstimulation of the Lumbo-sacral Spinal Cord for Control of Lower Extremities," Proceedings of Bernstein's Traditions in Motor Control International Conference, pp. 93-94, 1996.


  • V. K. Mushahwar, K. W. Horch and P. R. Burgess, "The Feasibility of Spinal Cord Stimulation for Control of Lower Extremities," Society for Neuroscience 25th Annual Meeting Abstracts, 21: p. 1732, 1995.

  • V. K. Mushahwar and K. W. Horch, "Mapping and Recruitment Characteristics of the Quadriceps Activation Pool through Microstimulation of the Lumbo-sacral Spinal Cord," Proceedings of the International Symposium on Neurons, Networks and Motor Behavior, p. 45, 1995.


  • V. K. Mushahwar and K. W. Horch, "Feasibility of Spinal Cord Stimulation for Motor Control," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 22(Suppl. 1): p. 50, 1994. Abstract also appeared in Neural Prostheses: Motor Systems IV Conference Proceedings (Columbus, Ohio, July 1994).


  • V. K. Mushahwar and K. W. Horch, "Selective Activation of Functional Muscle Groups through Stimulation of Spinal Motor Pools," Proceedings of the 15th Annual International Conference of the IEEE - EMBS, pp. 1196-1197, 1993.


B.M.E. | UofA NeuroSci