Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)

Lesson 4 - New Rules, New Game

 

Term

 

Definition

Charter rights
Found within the Constitution of Canada is the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which guarantees various political and civil rights to Canadian citizens.
Civilization
The concept of civilization emerged in 18th century Europe to describe complex, centralized societies removed and disassociated themselves from the environment.
Collective rights Collective rights refers to the Constitutional recognition that Aboriginal peoples possess unique rights which are "recognized and affirmed" under section 35.
Constitution of Canada The Constitution of Canada is the highest doctrine of law in the country. It is the law that overrules all other laws and is a consolidation of all the rules and principles governing the country.
Duties
Aboriginal rights possess duties such as consultation, accommodation, honour of the crown, and fiduciary that help guide legal action.
Indian Act First introduced in 1876, the Indian Act is the primary statute used by the Federal Government to administer Indian status and First Nations governments and lands.
HBC Chief Factor
During the fur trade era, the HBC established geographical districts throughout Rupertsland. Each district was governed by a Chief Factor and the district contained multiple fur trade posts that were managed by a Chief Trader.
Loyalists Loyalists were American colonists and settlers that remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War.
Sui generis
Sui generis is a Latin phrase that translates to mean, "of its own kind" or "in a class by itself" and has been used in Canadian court rulings that impact Aboriginal rights. (Reference)