Along with public education and display gardens, research at the Garden is an important activity. Through all of its activities, the University of Alberta Botanic Garden aims to share the discovery and knowledge of plants.

The University of Alberta Botanic Garden has been the site of research on topics as diverse as fungal associations, mosses, forest fires, bat and frog monitoring, oilsands and wetland reclamation, and getting children to appreciate the outdoors through dramatic play. The Garden is part of a global network of botanic gardens working to understand and preserve biodiversity, and has partnered in the Millennium Seed Bank at Kew Gardens in England, the largest plant conservation project in the world.

As well as being a site for research projects, the UABG also provides support for research activities, including:

Plant Trial Evaluations for the horticulture industry
Sharing of plant materials to support research activities in other botanic gardens around the world
Canola Council of Canada
Alberta Canola Producer’s Commission (ACPC)
Prairie Urban Farm
Green and Gold Garden