1. Dedicated and comprehensive educational rounds (up to 8 hours/week) including: academic half day, bedside physical examination, hemodynamics, angiography and interventional cardiology, advanced cardiac imaging, ECG and electrophysiology, CCU, journal clubs, research rounds, and Program Director rounds. Trainees will also have frequent preparatory exams with additional mock exam scenarios for residents in their final year.
  2. Fully developed rotations with experienced attending staff in the following areas:
    • Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (hemodynamic monitoring, mechanical ventilation and intra-aortic balloon pulsation)
    • Consultation Service
    • In-patient General Cardiology
    • Echocardiography (M-mode, 2D, Doppler & color flow mapping, transesophageal echocardiograms, contrast echocardiography, stress echocardiography, 3-D echo and echo guided CRT)
    • Exercise Stress Testing and nuclear cardiology
    • Electrophysiology (ECG's, ambulatory monitoring, pacemakers, invasive EP studies & ablation)
    • Invasive cardiology (cardiac catheterization, percutaneous coronary intervention, atrial septal defect and PFO percutaneous closures, angioplasty)
    • Ambulatory Care: longitudinal cardiology clinic, adult congenital heart disease, heart failure and transplant, electrophysiology (arrhythmia, ICD and pacemaker), pediatric cardiology, risk reduction clinic, and EASE clinic (rapid access outpatient investigation and consultation
    • Chest Pain Program (an emergency department based chest pain evaluation program)
    • Pediatric Cardiology
    • Cardiovascular Surgery
    • Electives (e.g., CV anesthesia, transplant cardiology, Cardiac MRI and CT)
    • Research (broad range of research opportunities from population to basic science)
  3. Strong Clinical and Basic Research Programs
    • Acute coronary syndromes
    • Atherosclerosis
    • Congestive heart failure
    • Infarct expansion and remodeling
    • Basic electrophysiology
    • Cardiac Rehabilitation
    • Myocardial metabolism
    • Vascular biology
    • Potassium channel interactions
    • Pulmonary hypertension
    • Advanced cardiac imaging