During the two year residency program, our subspecialty residents do the following rotations (total of 26 blocks):
- General Respirology - 8 blocks (at the University or Royal Alexandra Hospitals)
- Bronchoscopy service - 5 blocks (3 blocks are combined with the General Respirology rotations while 2 blocks are stand alone rotations. Our fellows complete over 200 bronchoscopies during their training)
- Sleep medicine - 2 blocks (exclusively an outpatient rotation with time also spent in the sleep lab)
- Critical Care - 2 blocks (at either the University or Royal Alexandra Hospitals)
- Pulmonary Function Lab/Pulmonary Rehab - 2 blocks
- TB medicine - 1 block (almost exclusively an outpatient rotation, with 0 to 3 inpatients and consultations on inpatients admitted to other services)
- Lung Oncology - 1 block (exclusively an outpatient rotation)
- Lung Transplantation - 1 block (a mix of outpatient and inpatient experience)
- Specialized Clinics - 1 block (exclusively an outpatient rotation with clinics in interstitial lung disease, hereditary telangiectasia, cystic fibrosis, asthma, COPD, occupational lung disease, and allergy. Our fellows also do some home visits on patients with severe, functionally limiting (usually neuromuscular) end stage lung disease)
- Electives - 6 blocks (can be done anywhere and in anything related to Respirology for future career needs)
- Longitudinal clinic (residents are paired with a preceptor and, approximately one half day per week no matter which rotation they are on, assess, manage, and follow their “own” patients with this preceptor.)
We schedule lighter rotations before and during the Internal medicine exams. There is 1 in 4 home call during all rotations except during out of town electives and the critical care rotation (where the latter consists of 1 in 4 in-house call).
- Weekly academic halfday
- a 1 hour seminar covering all of the CanMEDS roles (both Medical Expert and Intrinsic roles), plus,
- a 1 hour “skill development seminar”, where residents are put on the “hot seat” and interpret chest Xrays, chest CT’s, cardiopulmonary exercise tests, cytology slides, polysomnograms, or interesting cases, plus,
- 45 minutes of independent study to work on scholarly projects.
- E-portfolio - residents complete approximately 6 assignments over two years to cover some of the intrinsic (non-Medical Expert) CanMEDs roles that are difficult to teach in a seminar format. They upload their assignments onto their e-portfolio and these assignments are marked.
- MED 501 (Graduate Pulmonary Physiology course) – PGY 4 respirology subspecialty residents audit a graduate level course on pulmonary physiology, held from September to December each year. Topics include static lung & chest wall mechanics, alveolar ventilation & dead space, airway mechanics, work of breathing, pulmonary circulation, ventilation distribution & alveolar air equation, arterial vs. alveolar PO2 & shunt, O2 transport & tissue hypoxia, control of breathing, assessing airway function, measuring lung volumes & diffusion, interpreting PFT's, and cardiopulmonary exercise testing.
- Specialty rounds - the lung transplant, sleep medicine, TB, and lung oncology rotations each have their own educational rounds which the residents attend during those respective rotations
- Monthly Journal club
- Weekly Tri-service radiology, pathology, respirology rounds where two to three cases are discussed, obtaining input from the 3 specialties.
- Bronchoscopy simulator – before fellows do the bronchoscopy rotation, we teach basic skills (scope technique and bronchial anatomy) on the Accutouch bronchoscopy simulator.
In addition to evaluating competence, assessment stimulates learning. With this philosophy, we use the following formal assessment tools:
- written exams every 6 weeks
- oral exams, twice in the PGY-4 year and up to 6 times in the PGY 5 year
- OSCE exams, one major OSCE exam and several smaller OSCE-like exams per year
- assessment/grading of the e-portfolio assignments covering some of the intrinsic or non-Medical Expert CanMEDS roles
In the spirit of quality improvement of clinical care, each resident conducts a personal practice audit of one of the clinical activities in our Pulmonary division. This project is then assessed and graded, and the results are fed back to the faculty. Residents benefit by learning how to systematically review clinical practice for their own future needs, and faculty benefit by having their clinical practice improved. In addition, all residents are strongly encouraged to develop another scholarly project, such as research, systematic review, case report, poster presentation, etc. There is funding for memberships to the American College of Chest Physicians and Canadian Thoracic Society, as well as for conferences.