- Discuss the role of the Emergency Department in the health care system.
- Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of triage.
- Distinguish seriously ill or injured patients from those with minor conditions.
- Demonstrate a 'focused' history and physical examination.
- Outline the first-line priorities of assessment and treatment of any critically ill or injured patient.
- Describe the components of a primary and secondary survey in the assessment of a critically ill or injured patient.
- List the acute life- or limb-threatening possibilities in a given clinical presentation.
- Outline the differential diagnosis and initial management of a patient who presents in shock.
- Outline the features and treatment of a patient with anaphylaxis.
- Demonstrate the principles of initial evaluation, stabilization, and management of patients with the following presenting symptoms:
a) Abdominal pain
b) Abnormal behaviour and coma
c) Allergic reaction
d) Chest pain
f) Infectious disease
h) Weakness and dizziness
- Demonstrate the principles of initial evaluation, stabilization, and management of patients with the following clinical problems commonly encountered in the Emergency Department:
a) Respiratory (acute asthma and COPD, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia)
b) Cardiovascular (unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction, acute congestive heart failure, cardiac dysrhythmias including EKG interpretation)
c) Neurological (status epilepticus, meningitis, acute cerebrovascular accident)
d) Ophthalmological (the approach to the red eye, use of the slit lamp and tonometry)
e) Trauma (outline the management priorities in a trauma patient with multiple injuries, outline the principles of assessment and management of patients with head injury, discuss the general approach to the assessment and management of common fractures/dislocations/soft tissue injuries, discuss the principles of tetanus prophylaxis)
f) Toxicology (outline the initial assessment and resuscitation of the poisoned patient, discuss the use of activated charcoal as a decontaminant, discuss the role of gastric-emptying procedures, describe the following 'toxidromes': anticholinergic, cholinergic, sympathetic, narcotic, sedative-hypnotic, outline the general management of patients with substance abuse including both intoxication and withdrawal states)
- Perform, observe or discuss the following skills: suturing of minor wounds, application of splints and casts, intravenous lines, arterial puncture, urinary catheter insertion, CPR, procedural sedation, reduction of fractures/dislocations, lumbar puncture, and endotracheal intubation.
- Perform, observe or discuss the following skills: arterial blood gases, electrocardiograms, radiographs (5 different types).