Industry Minister James Moore (front, centre) meets with ExAlta1 project manager Charles Nokes (centre, with satellite model) and the AlbertaSat team at the UAlberta observatory.
(Edmonton) It’s all systems go for the launch next year of a satellite designed and built by the AlbertaSat student team at the University of Alberta. ExAlta1, the first satellite ever built in Alberta, will be part of QB50, a project mounted by the European Commission to simultaneously launch 50 cube satellites built by university students from 28 countries into the Earth’s lower thermosphere.
“This a very exciting project providing a unique hands-on experience to talented students from the University of Alberta,” said Industry Minister James Moore, who visited the U of A today, highlighting Canada’s support for recent space research projects and initiatives. “Projects such as the QB50 mission are the ideal vehicle for the promotion and awareness of space research to Canadian youth, and we eagerly support it.”
The satellite is designed and built by a team of some 60 undergraduate and graduate students, with support from research associates, technicians and academic experts at the U of A’s Institute for Space Science, Exploration and Technology (ISSET). The QB50 satellites are slated to launch in early 2016 from the Alcantara launch site in Brazil, but the AlbertaSat team must have its satellite and control systems built, tested and shipped by this summer.
“The learning curve is very steep as far as how to do this—there’s not a lot of previous expertise [in Alberta],” said Charles Nokes, a fourth-year engineering physics student who is project manager for ExAlta1. “There’s a challenge in learning and ensuring we have the knowledge and expertise in place to do the development, and the rest is procuring the systems we need and ensuring we have the resources we need to build and test everything.”
Nokes says having access to professors and their leading-edge research labs is the key to success for the Ex-Alta project.
“We need to use a shake table, and the Department of Mechanical Engineering has three,” he said, adding that the team will also conduct an accelerometer test using a massive centrifuge at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering’s Geomechancial Reservoir Experimental Facility to expose the satellite to a constant for of 10 Gs. Using an anechoic chamber in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, the team can better understand the satellite’s own electromagnetic characteristics. And using a thermal vacuum chamber in the Thin Films Lab in the Department of Physics, the team can expose the satellite to severe temperature ranges, from -40 C to 50 C in a vacuum to ensure it can withstand the conditions it will face in orbit.
John Grey, a second-year engineering student in the engineering physics program, said he never imagined that coming to university would include designing and building a satellite. Gray is leading the power subsystem tea, which is responsible for batteries, power distribution and optimization of power.
“We’ve planned for every contingency,” Grey says, adding that the design of the satellite and its systems is more challenging than the upcoming build. “And we’ve got a lot of great faculty members to turn to if things go over my head.”
ExAlta 1 is a cube satellite made of three smaller modules that, together, are about the size of a loaf of bread and weigh only a few kilograms and will carry sophisticated equipment to gather data about space weather and characteristics of reentry.
“Our calculations are showing it will stay up six to nine months,” Nokes said. “It’s in low Earth orbit, so there’s still lingering atmosphere. And drag from that atmosphere means every one of those 50 satellites will burn up at some point. Hopefully we should be up and collecting data for nine months, which is a fairly significant amount of time."
U of A physics professor and Canada Research Chair in Space Physics Ian Mann, who has been instrumental getting the AlbertaSat team onboard for the QB50 mission, says the project is just one small step toward a bold future for aerospace education, research and commercialization in Alberta.
“It’s pretty difficult to imagine a more energizing project to be involved in than to be building a piece of space hardware, then having the opportunity to launch and operate it in space,” Mann said. “We see this as a talent magnet to recruit some of the best students to the university to think about what opportunities they might have in the new technological future.”
In a conversation with the minister, Mann and chemical engineering professor Janet Elliott spoke about the high calibre of research and facilities at the U of A and the close collaboration between the faculties of engineering and science vital to success in many fields.
U of A Vice President Research Lorne Babiuk said the U of A is “perfectly positioned to lead the research and technology development needed to strengthen Canada’s space program,” he said.
The U of A has established broad scientific and engineering excellence in international space research. Projects include NASA’s Phoenix Mars Lander and the Canada-Norway Sounding Rocket exchange program (CaNoRock), a partnership with the University of Oslo and the Andøya Rocket Range in Norway. These projects give undergraduate students the opportunity to gain hands-on experience and academic credit designing sounding rockets and payload instruments.
Carlos Lange, professor of mechanical engineering and one of five Faculty of Engineering supervisors for the AlbertaSat team, said the project demonstrates the potential for a made-inAlberta aerospace industry.
“There is already a large, global economy based on the use of space resources, but this is just the very beginning of it. The ExAlta1 student-built satellite will not only pioneer a new industry in this province, but it is also the birth of a new generation of professionals trained at the U of A with specific skills required by this high-tech industry,” Lange said.
“This is one thing we have already started, we are doing it, and I think the province should recognize the economic potential. The time is now.”
(With files from Richard Cairney)