Soft Matter & Interfaces


Google Scholar Profile


Zhou, L.; Wang, X.; Shin, H.-J. Wang, J.; Tai, R.; Zhang, X.; Fang, H.; Xiao, W.; Wang, L.; Wang, C.; Gao, X. Ultrahigh Density of Gas Molecules Confined in Surface Nanobubbles in Ambient Water. The Journal of the American Chemical Society 2020, in press.

Zaytsev, M.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Lajoinie, G.; Zhang, X.; Prosperetti, A.; Zandvliet, H. J. W.; Lohse, D. Gas-Vapor Interplay in Plasmonic Bubble Shrinkage. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2020, 124 (10), 5861-5869.


Qian, J.; Yamada, D.; Wei, Z.; Yukisada, R.; Tagawa, Y.; Shaw, J. M.; Zhang, X. One-Step Nanoextraction and Ultrafast Microanalysis Based on Nanodroplet Formation in an Evaporating Ternary Liquid Microfilm. Advanced Materials Technologies 2019, 5(2), 1900740.

Dyett, B. P.; Li, M.; Zhao, H.; Zhang, X. Plasmonic Nanobubbles in "Armored" Surface Nanodroplets. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2019, 123 (49), 29866-29874.

Li, X.; Wang, Y.; Zaytsev, M. E.; Lajoinie, G.; Le The, H.; Bomer, J.G.; Eijkel, J. C. T.; Zandvliet, H. J. W.; Zhang, X.; Lohse D. Plasmonic Bubble Nucleation and Growth in Water: Effect of Dissolved Air. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2019, 123 (38), 23586-23593.

Li, M.; Dyett, B.; Zhang, X. Automated Femtoliter Droplet-Based Determination of Oil–Water Partition Coefficient. Analytical Chemistry 2019 91 (16), 10371-10375

Bao, L.; Pinchasik, B. E.; Lei, L.; Xu, Q.; Hao, H.; Wang, X.; Zhang, X. Control of Femtoliter Liquid on a Microlens: A Way to Flexible Dual-Microlens Arrays. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2019 11 (30), 27386-27393

Tan, H.; Diddens, C.; Mohammed, A.; Li, J.; Versluis, M.; Zhang, X.; Lohse, D. Microdroplet nucleation by dissolution of a multicomponent drop in a host liquid. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 2019, 870, 217-246

Zhang, J.; Mao, W.; Duan, J.; Huang, S.; Zhang, Z.; Ou-Yang, W.; Zhang, X.; Sun, Z.; Chen, X. Enhanced efficiency and thermal stability of perovskite solar cells using poly(9-vinylcarbazole) modified perovskite/PCBM interface. Electrochimica Acta 2019, 218, 384-391.

Qian, J.; Arends, G.F.; Zhang, X. Surface Nanodroplets: Formation, Dissolution, and Applications. Langmuir 2019, 35 (39), 12583-12596.

Wang, Y.; Zeng, B.; Zhao, Y.; Li, S.; Zhang, X. Formation of Polystyrene Microlenses via Transient Droplets from the Ouzo Effect for Enhanced Optical Imaging. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2019 123 (23), 14327-14337

Yu, H.; Kant, P.; Dyett, B.; Lohsebc, D.; Zhang, X. Splitting Droplets Through Coalescence of Two Different Three-Phase Contact Lines. Soft Matter 2019,15, 6055-6061 

Wang, Y.; Zeng, B.; Li, x.; Zhang, X. Sequential Evaporation-Induced Formation of Polymeric Surface Microdents via Ouzo Effect. Advanced Materials Interfaces 2019, 6 (11), 1900002.

Zeng, B.; Wang, Y.; Zhang X.; Lohse, D. Solvent Exchange in a Hele–Shaw Cell: Universality of Surface Nanodroplet NucleationJournal of Physical Chemistry C2019, 123, 9, 5571-5577

Escobar, J.M.E.; García-González, D.; Dević, I.; Zhang, X.; Lohse, D. Morphology of Evaporating Sessile Microdroplets on Lyophilic Elliptical Patches. Langmuir 2019, 35, 6, 2099-2105

Li, Y.; Diddens, C.; Prosperetti, A.; Chong, K.L.; Zhang, X.; Lohse, D; Bouncing Oil Droplet in a Stratified Liquid and its Sudden Death. Physical Review Letter 2019, 122, 154502

Li , M.; Yu, H.; Bao, L.; Dyett, B.; Zhang, X. Controlled addition of new liquid component into surface droplet arrays by solvent exchangeJournal of Colloid and Interface Science 2019, 543, 164-173

Tan, H.; Wooh, S.W.; Butt, H.J.; Zhang, X.; Lohse, D. Porous supraparticle assembly through self-lubricating evaporating colloidal ouzo drops. Nature Communications 2019, 10, Article number: 478

Li, M.; Dyett, B.; Yu, H.; Bansal, V.; Zhang, X., Functional femtoliter droplets for ultrafast nanoextraction and supersensitive online microanalysisSmall 2019, 15(1), 1804683.


Zaytsev, M. E.; Lajoinie, G.; Wang, Y.; Lohse, D.; Zandvliet, H.J.W.; Zhang, X. Plasmonic Bubbles in n-AlkanesThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2018 122 (49), 28375-28381.

Zhang, J.; Mao, W.; Hou, X.; Duan, J.; Zhou, J.; Huang, S.; Wei, O.; Zhang, X.; Sun, Z.; Chen, X. Solution-Processed Sr-doped NiOx as Hole Transport Layer for Efficient and Stable PerovskiteSolar Energy 2018, 174, 1133-1141

Dyett, B.; Zhang, Q.; Xu, Q.; Wang, X.; Zhang, X., Extraordinary Focusing Effect of Surface Nanolenses in Total Internal Reflection Mode. ACS Central Science 2018 

Li, X. L.; Wang, Y. L.; Zeng, B. L.; Li, Y. S.; Tan, H. S.; Zandvliet, H. J. W.; Zhang, X. H.; Lohse, D., Entrapment and Dissolution of Microbubbles Inside Microwells. Langmuir 2018, 34 (36), 10659-10667.

Peng, S.; Spandan, V.; Verzicco, R.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X., Growth dynamics of microbubbles on microcavity arrays by solvent exchange: Experiments and numerical simulations. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2018, 532, 103-111.

Dyett, B.; Zychowski, L.; Bao, L.; Meikle, T. G.; Peng, S.; Yu, H.; Li, M.; Strachan, J.; Kirby, N.; Logan, A.; Conn, C. E.; Zhang, X., Crystallization of Femtoliter Surface Droplet Arrays Revealed by Synchrotron Small-Angle X-ray Scattering. Langmuir 2018, 34 (32), 9470-9476.

Wang, Y.; Zaytsev, M. E.; Lajoinie, G.; The, H. L.; Eijkel, J. C. T.; van den Berg, A.; Versluis, M.; Weckhuysen, B. M.; Zhang, X.; Zandvliet, H. J. W.; Lohse, D., Giant and explosive plasmonic bubbles by delayed nucleation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2018, 115 (30), 7676-7681.

Yu, H.; Rump, M.; Maheshwari, S.; Bao, L.; Zhang, X., Growth of nanodroplets on a still microfiber under flow conditions. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2018, 20 (27), 18252-18261.

Dyett, B.; Kiyama, A.; Rump, M.; Tagawa, Y.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Growth dynamics of surface nanodroplets during solvent exchange at varying flow rates. Soft Matter 2018, 14 (25), 5197-5204.

Yukisada, R.; Kiyama, A.; Zhang, X. H.; Tagawa, Y., Enhancement of Focused Liquid Jets by Surface Bubbles. Langmuir 2018, 34 (14), 4234-4240.

Encarnación Escobar, J. M.; Dietrich, E.; Arscott, S.; Zandvliet, H. J. W.; Zhang, X.; Lohse, D., Zipping-Depinning: Dissolution of Droplets on Micropatterned Concentric RingsLangmuir 2018,34 (19), 5396-5402.

Mandemaker, L. D. B.; Filez, M.; Delen, G.; Tan, H. S.; Zhang, X. H.; Lohse, D.; Weckhuysen, B. M., Time-Resolved In Situ Liquid-Phase Atomic Force Microscopy and Infrared Nanospectroscopy during the Formation of Metal-Organic Framework Thin Films. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2018, 9 (8), 1838-1844.

Li, M. S.; Bao, L.; Yu, H. T.; Zhang, X. H., Formation of Multicomponent Surface Nanodroplets by Solvent Exchange. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2018, 122 (15), 8647-8654.

Dyett, B.; Hao, H.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Coalescence driven self-organization of growing nanodroplets around a microcap. Soft Matter 2018, 14 (14), 2628-2637.

Bao, L.; Spandan, V.; Yang, Y. T.; Dyett, B.; Verzicco, R.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Flow-induced dissolution of femtoliter surface droplet arrays. Lab on a Chip 2018, 18 (7), 1066-1074.

Zhu, X. J.; Verzicco, R.; Zhang, X. H.; Lohse, D., Diffusive interaction of multiple surface nanobubbles: shrinkage, growth, and coarsening. Soft Matter 2018, 14 (11), 2006-2014.

Lei, L.; Li, J.; Yu, H.; Bao, L.; Peng, S.; Zhang, X., Formation, growth and applications of femtoliter droplets on a microlens. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2018, 20 (6), 4226-4237.

Teng, Z. G.; Wang, C. Y.; Tang, Y. X.; Li, W.; Bao, L.; Zhang, X. H.; Su, X. D.; Zhang, F.; Zhang, J. J.; Wang, S. J.; Zhao, D. Y.; Lu, G. M., Deformable Hollow Periodic Mesoporous Organosilica Nanocapsules for Significantly Improved Cellular Uptake. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2018, 140 (4), 1385-1393.


Lv, P.; Le The, H.; Eijkel, J.; Van den Berg, A.; Zhang, X. H.; Lohse, D., Growth and Detachment of Oxygen Bubbles Induced by Gold-Catalyzed Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2017, 121 (38), 20769-20776.

Lu, Z. Y.; Schaarsberg, M. H. K.; Zhu, X. J.; Yeo, L. Y.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Universal nanodroplet branches from confining the Ouzo effect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2017, 114 (39), 10332-10337.

Lu, Z. Y.; Rezk, A.; Jativa, F.; Yeo, L.; Zhang, X. H., Dissolution dynamics of a suspension droplet in a binary solution for controlled nanoparticle assembly. Nanoscale 2017, 9 (36), 13441-13448.

Uddin, M. H.; Wang, H. B.; Rogerson, F. M.; Lee, P. V. S.; Zhang, X. H., Effects of stimulated aggrecanolysis on nanoscale morphological and mechanical properties of wild-type and aggrecanase-resistant mutant mice cartilages. European Physical Journal E 2017, 40 (8), 1-7.

Zhang, L. J.; Zhang, Y. B.; Cheng, J.; Wang, L.; Wang, X. Y.; Zhang, M.; Gao, Y.; Hu, J.; Zhang, X. H.; Lu, J. H.; Li, G. H.; Tai, R. Z.; Fang, H. P., Inert Gas Deactivates Protein Activity by Aggregation. Scientific Reports 2017, 7, Article number: 10176.

Jativa, F.; Zhang, X. H., Transparent Silk Fibroin Microspheres from Controlled Droplet Dissolution in a Binary Solution. Langmuir 2017, 33 (31), 7780-7787.

Diddens, C.; Tan, H. S.; Lv, P. Y.; Versluis, M.; Kuerten, J. G. M.; Zhang, X. H.; Lohse, D., Evaporating pure, binary and ternary droplets: thermal effects and axial symmetry breaking. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 2017, 823, 470-497.

Peng, S. H.; Zhang, X. H., Simple Nanodroplet Templating of Functional Surfaces with Tailored Wettability and Microstructures. Chemistry-an Asian Journal 2017, 12 (13), 1538-1544.

Yu, H. T.; Maheshwari, S.; Zhu, J. Y.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Formation of surface nanodroplets facing a structured microchannel wall. Lab on a Chip 2017, 17 (8), 1496-1504.

Tan, H. S.; Diddens, C.; Versluis, M.; Butt, H. J.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Self-wrapping of an ouzo drop induced by evaporation on a superamphiphobic surface. Soft Matter 2017, 13 (15), 2749-2759.

Devic, I.; Soligno, G.; Dijkstra, M.; van Roij, R.; Zhang, X. H.; Lohse, D., Sessile Nanodroplets on Elliptical Patches of Enhanced Lyophilicity. Langmuir 2017, 33 (11), 2744-2749.

Dyett, B.; Yu, H. T.; Zhang, X. H., Formation of surface nanodroplets of viscous liquids by solvent exchange. European Physical Journal E 2017, 40 (3).

Wang, Y. L.; Zaytsev, M. E.; The, H. L.; Eijkel, J. C. T.; Zandvliet, H. J. W.; Zhang, X. H.; Lohse, D., Vapor and Gas-Bubble Growth Dynamics around Laser-Irradiated, Water-Immersed Plasmonic Nanoparticles. Acs Nano 2017, 11 (2), 2045-2051.

Peng, S. H.; Pinchasik, B. E.; Hao, H.; Mohwald, H.; Zhang, X. H., Morphological Transformation of Surface Femtodroplets upon Dissolution. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2017, 8 (3), 584-590.

Xu, C. L.; Yu, H. T.; Peng, S. H.; Lu, Z. Y.; Lei, L.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Collective interactions in the nucleation and growth of surface droplets. Soft Matter 2017, 13 (5), 937-944.

Wang, L.; Wang, X. Y.; Wang, L. S.; Hu, J.; Wang, C. L.; Zhao, B. Y.; Zhang, X. H.; Tai, R. Z.; He, M. D.; Chen, L. Q.; Zhang, L. J., Formation of surface nanobubbles on nanostructured substrates. Nanoscale 2017, 9 (3), 1078-1086.


Tan, H. S.; Peng, S. H.; Sun, C.; Zhang, X. H.; Lohse, D., 3D spherical-cap fitting procedure for (truncated) sessile nano- and micro-droplets & -bubbles. European Physical Journal E 2016, 39 (11).

Song, Y. T.; Lu, Z. Y.; Yang, H. J.; Zhang, S. J.; Zhang, X. H., Dissolution of Sessile Microdroplets of Electrolyte and Graphene Oxide Solutions in an Ouzo System. Langmuir 2016, 32 (40), 10296-10304.

Feng, L.; Chen, M.; Zheng, F.; Niu, M. S.; Zhang, X. H.; Hao, X. T., Efficient photoinduced charge transfer in chemically-linked organic-metal Ag-P3HT nanocomposites. Optical Materials Express 2016, 6 (10), 3063-3074.

Wu, S. Y.; Ladani, R. B.; Zhang, J.; Ghorbani, K.; Zhang, X. H.; Mouritz, A. P.; Kinloch, A. J.; Wang, C. H., Strain Sensors with Adjustable Sensitivity by Tailoring the Microstructure of Graphene Aerogel/PDMS Nanocomposites. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (37), 24853-24861.

Yu, H.; Peng, S.; Lei, L.; Zhang, J.; Greaves, T. L.; Zhang, X., Large Scale Flow-Mediated Formation and Potential Applications of Surface Nanodroplets. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (34), 22679-22687.

Xu, C. L.; Peng, S. H.; Qiao, G.; Zhang, X. H., Effects of the Molecular Structure of a Self-Assembled Monolayer on the Formation and Morphology of Surface Nanodroplets. Langmuir 2016, 32 (43), 11197-11202.

Lu, Z. Z.; Lu, Z. Y.; Peng, S. H.; Zhang, X. H.; Liu, Q. X., Microwetting of pH-Sensitive Surface and Anisotropic MoS2 Surfaces Revealed by Femtoliter Sessile Droplets. Langmuir 2016, 32 (43), 11273-11279.

Peng, S. H.; Mega, T. L.; Zhang, X. H., Collective Effects in Microbubble Growth by Solvent Exchange. Langmuir 2016, 32 (43), 11265-11272.

Maheshwari, S.; van der Hoef, M.; Zhang, X. H.; Lohse, D., Stability of Surface Nanobubbles: A Molecular Dynamics Study. Langmuir 2016, 32 (43), 11116-11122.

Tan, H. S.; Diddens, C.; Lv, P. Y.; Kuerten, J. G. M.; Zhang, X. H.; Lohse, D., Evaporation-triggered microdroplet nucleation and the four life phases of an evaporating Ouzo drop. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2016, 113 (31), 8642-8647.

Peng, S. H.; Devic, I.; Tan, H. S.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., How a Surface Nanodroplet Sits on the Rim of a Microcap. Langmuir 2016, 32 (23), 5744-5754.

Yi, D. L.; Xu, C. L.; Tang, R. D.; Zhang, X. H.; Caruso, F.; Wang, Y. J., Synthesis of Discrete Alkyl-Silica Hybrid Nanowires and Their Assembly into Nanostructured Superhydrophobic Membranes. Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 2016, 55 (29), 8375-8380.

Lu, Z. Y.; Peng, S. H.; Zhang, X. H., Influence of Solution Composition on the Formation of Surface Nanodroplets by Solvent Exchange. Langmuir 2016, 32 (7), 1700-1706.

Bao, L.; Werbiuk, Z.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Controlling the Growth Modes of Femtoliter Sessile Droplets Nucleating on Chemically Patterned Surfaces. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2016, 7 (6), 1055-1059.

Liu, X. M.; Bao, L.; Dipalo, M.; De Angelis, F.; Zhang, X. H., Formation and dissolution of microbubbles on highly-ordered plasmonic nanopillar arraysScientific Reports 2016, 5, Article number: 18515.


Zhang, X. H.; Lu, Z. Y.; Tan, H. S.; Bao, L.; He, Y. H.; Sun, C.; Lohse, D., Formation of surface nanodroplets under controlled flow conditions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2015, 112 (30), 9253-9257.

Zhao, B. Y.; Wang, X. Y.; Song, Y.; Hu, J.; Lu, J. H.; Zhou, X. F.; Tai, R. Z.; Zhang, X. H.; Zhang, L. J., Stiffness and evolution of interfacial micropancakes revealed by AFM quantitative nanomechanical imaging. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2015, 17 (20), 13598-13605.

Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Pinning and gas oversaturation imply stable single surface nanobubbles. Physical Review E 2015, 91 (3), 031003(R).

Xu, H. L.; Zhang, X. H., Formation, characterization and stability of oil nanodroplets on immersed substrates. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science 2015, 224, 17-32.

Zhang, X. H.; Crivoi, A.; Duan, F., Three-dimensional patterns from the thin-film drying of amino acid solutions. Scientific Reports 2015, 5, Article number: 10926.

Yu, H. T.; Lu, Z. Y.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Gravitational Effect on the Formation of Surface Nanodroplets. Langmuir 2015, 31 (46), 12628-12634.

Wang, Y. F.; Zhang, X. H.; Li, D., Dynamic configuration of reduced graphene oxide in aqueous dispersion and its effect on thin film properties. Chemical Communications 2015, 51 (100), 17760-17763.

Peng, S. H.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Spontaneous Pattern Formation of Surface Nanodroplets from Competitive Growth. Acs Nano 2015, 9 (12), 11916-11923.

Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H., Surface nanobubbles and nanodroplets. Reviews of Modern Physics 2015, 87 (3), 981-1035.

Jativa, F.; Schutz, C.; Bergstrom, L.; Zhang, X. H.; Wicklein, B., Confined self-assembly of cellulose nanocrystals in a shrinking droplet. Soft Matter 2015, 11 (26), 5374-5380.

Wu, S. Y.; Ladani, R. B.; Zhang, J.; Kinloch, A. J.; Zhao, Z. H.; Ma, J.; Zhang, X. H.; Mouritz, A. P.; Ghorbani, K.; Wang, C. H., Epoxy nanocomposites containing magnetite-carbon nanofibers aligned using a weak magnetic field. Polymer 2015, 68, 25-34.

Sowa, B.; Zhang, X. H.; Kozielski, K. A.; Hartley, P. G.; Dunstan, D. E.; Maeda, N., Nucleation Probability Distributions of Methane-Propane Mixed Gas Hydrates in Salt Solutions and Urea. Energy & Fuels 2015, 29 (10), 6259-6270.

Yang, H. J.; Song, Y. T.; Downton, M. T.; Wang, S. T.; Xu, J. X.; Hou, Z. C.; Zhang, X. H., Tailoring graphene oxide assemblies by pinning on the contact line of a dissolving microdroplet. Soft Matter 2015, 11 (43), 8479-8483.

Bao, L.; Rezk, A. R.; Yeo, L. Y.; Zhang, X. H., Highly Ordered Arrays of Femtoliter Surface Droplets. Small 2015, 11 (37), 4850-4855.

Berkelaar, R. P.; Bampoulis, P.; Dietrich, E.; Jansen, H. P.; Zhang, X. H.; Kooij, E. S.; Lohse, D.; Zandvliet, H. J. W., Water-Induced Blister Formation in a Thin Film Polymer. Langmuir 2015, 31 (3), 1017-1025.

Dietrich, E.; Kooij, E. S.; Zhang, X. H.; Zandvliet, H. J. W.; Lohse, D., Stick-Jump Mode in Surface Droplet Dissolution. Langmuir 2015, 31 (16), 4696-4703.

Lu, Z. Y.; Xu, H. L.; Zeng, H. B.; Zhang, X. H., Solvent Effects on the Formation of Surface Nanodroplets by Solvent Exchange. Langmuir 2015, 31 (44), 12120-12125.

Guo, Z. J.; Liu, Y. W.; Lohse, D.; Zhang, X. H.; Zhang, X. R., Stability of micro-Cassie states on rough substrates. Journal of Chemical Physics 2015, 142 (24).

Zhang, X. H.; Wang, J.; Bao, L.; Dietrich, E.; van der Veen, R. C. A.; Peng, S. H.; Friend, J.; Zandvliet, H. J. W.; Yeo, L.; Lohse, D., Mixed mode of dissolving immersed nanodroplets at a solid-water interfaceSoft Matter 2015,11 (10), 1889-1900.