Spinal Disc Herniation or Protrusion

Disc herniation or protrusion is commonly known as a "bulging disc". The injury occurs when the fluid in the disc pushes or leaks out of the disc and places pressure on a nearby nerve. Patients will commonly complain of back and leg pain that becomes worse when they cough or sneeze. The affected leg can also ache, feel numb, tingle or feel like it has fallen asleep. Prolonged sitting, leaning forward or slouching typically make the symptoms feel worse.

If the pain is severe or uncontrollable, the patient should consult with his or her doctor to obtain proper pain medications to help control the pain.

Physiotherapy can help alleviate the symptoms of disc protrusion and should be started immediately to help control the pain.