The increasing attention given to sports concussions has led to improved identification, assessment and management. Four international consensus meetings have been held since 2001, with published guidelines being widely supported and adopted by medical specialties, healthcare organisations and sports organisations.
Baseline cognitive testing has become standard practice for a majority of high school, collegiate, semi-professional and professional sports organisations in high collision sports. These advances have brought important changes to the management of sports concussions, but several challenges remain (e.g., education of athletes, parents, coaches, athletic allied healthcare professionals, identifying the best injury outcomes for sport concussion, prognostic factors for prolonged recovery after concussion and biomechanical forces of concussion). The GSSMC will prioritize research focused on addressing this remaining challenges.