Emerita Professor



Ph.D. Stanford University (1973)
M.A. University of Toronto (1965)
B.A. University of Toronto (1964)

Expertise & Research Interests

My research focuses on modern French medical and social history, specifically the history of psychiatry, the history of alcoholism, and the history of women. My current research projects include the treatment of mentally traumatized French soldiers from 1914 to 1939 and the transformations in a Parisian psychiatric hospital from 1870 to 1939. I am particularly interested in psychiatry from the perspective of the patients and their families. I am also interesting in how people tried to maintain good mental health.



Drink and the Politics of Social Reform: Antialcoholism in France Since 1870, (Palo Alto: SPOSS, 1988), 365 pp.

Chapters in Books:

"Modernizing Politics in the Fourth Republic: Women in the Mouvement Républicain Populaire, 1944-58," in Martin Alexander and Ken Mouré (eds), Crisis and Renewal in Modern France (Berghahn Book, 2002), 199-220.

"Food and Drink in France" in William B. Cohen, The Transformation of Modern France (Houghton Mifflin, 1996), 160-181.

"Women and Madness in a Nineteenth-Century Parisian Asylum", in S. Neuman and G. Stephenson (eds.), ReImagining Women, University of Toronto Press, 1993, pp. 111-124.


"Family Strategies and Medical Power: 'Voluntary' Committal in a Parisian Asylum, 1876-1914," in Roy Porter and David Wright, The Confinement of the Insane, 1800-1965: International Perspectives (Cambridge, 2003) ; Paperback edition, 2011.

Drinkers, Drunkards and Degenerates: The Alcoholic Population of a Parisian Asylum, 1867-1914" in Jack Blocker & Cheryl Warsh (eds), The Changing Face of Drink: Substance, Imagery, and Behaviour (Ottawa: Les publications Histoire sociale/Social History, 1997).

Refereed Articles:

"Suicide and French Soldiers of the First World War: Differing Perspectives, 1914-1939," in John Weaver and David Wright (eds.) Histories of Suicide. International Perspectives on Self-Destruction in the Modern World (University of Toronto Press, 2009) pp. 135-55.

"'Victims of War'? Mentally-Traumatized Soldiers and the State, 1918-1939," Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History, Vol. 31, 2003, pp.243-254.

"Female alcoholism in Paris , 1870-1920: the response of psychiatrists and of families," History of Psychiatry, 14(3), 2003, 3321-336.

"Moving Up in the Trente Glorieuses: Reading Annie Ernaux's Cleaned Out as a Historical Text," 33 ms pages, accepted for publication in June 2002 by Dalkey Archive Press as part of a web-based casebook on the novel Cleaned Out in the Dalkey series, Studies in Modern and Contemporary Fiction.

"Germaine Poinso-Chapuis et les femmes du MRP," in "Germain Poinso-Chapuis et son temps" Colloque organisé par L'Association "Les Femmes et la Ville," (Edisud, 1998), pp. 87-94.

"Paul-Maurice Legrain (1860-1939),"in Addiction, 10(1997), 92(10), pp. 1255-1263.

"The Regulation of Drinking: New Work in the Social History of Alcohol", Editor's Introduction to two special issues of Contemporary Drug Problems Fall and Winter,1994, pp. 365-74.

"Family Strategies and Medical Power:'Voluntary' Committal in a Parisian Asylum, 1876-1914", Journal of Social History, Vol. 27, No. 4, June 1994, pp. 797-816.

"Drinkers, Drunkards or Degenerates?: The Alcoholic Population of a Parisian Asylum, 1867-1914", Histoire sociale/Social History, Vol. XXVII (No. 54), November 1994, pp. 321-35.

"Diagnosing Degeneration: Clinical Practices in a Parisian Asylum, 1867-1914," Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History, Vol. 21, 1994, 321-35.

"Garder, Soigner, Innover?: Quelques questions sur le rôle des infirmiers et infirmières psychiatriques à la fin du XIXe siècle", Revue Soins Psychiatrie, No. 137, Mars 1992.

"Using Statistical Data to Understand a 19th Century French Asylum", in IASSIST Quarterly (International Association of Social Science Information Service and Technology) vol. 15, no. 2, 1991.

"Le traitement des alcooliques à la Belle Epoque", in Maladies, médecines et sociétés: Approaches historiques pour le présent. (Paris:L'Harmattan & Histoire au présent,1993), Vol. 1, pp. 218-223.

"Sainte-Anne: L'Asile et la communauté à la Belle Epoque, 1897-1907", SYNAPSE, Mars 1990 No. 62, pp. 58-62.

"Sources for research in the History of Alcohol in France since 1850", Social History of Alcohol Review, No. 19, Spring 1989, pp. 8-13.

"The French Temperance Movement and the Problem of Rural Alcoholism," Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History, Vol. 13, 1985, 163-72.

"French Workers and the Temperance Movement, 1870-1914," International Review of Social History, Vol. XXV, 1980, Part I, 35-52.

"Temperance in France : The Curious Case of Abinsth," Historical Reflections/Reflexions Historiques, Vol. 6, No. 2, Winter 1979, 301-319.

"French Businessmen and the Channel Tunnel Project of 1913." French Historical Studies. IX, No. 4, Fall, 1976, 609-715.