1. Check daily weather forecasts and dress appropriately (Environment Canada: 780-468–4940; Weatheroffice). Winter temperatures can range from +5 to -35 degrees Celsius.
2. Allow extra time for both walking and public transit (buses and trains), especially after a snowfall
3. Get out during the daylight! Edmonton often has sunny winter days, but the days are short. Being outside during the daylight can help cheer you up and energize you.
4. Eat well. You will be warmer if your body has food energy to burn.
5. If your skin or lips become dry or parched from the cold and dry heat indoors, try using a moisturizing cream or lip balm, available in drugstores.
6. Dry indoor heat can cause minor dehydration, which in turn may lead to colds. Drink lots of water and try putting a container of water over your heat register to moisturize the air.
7. Wear sunscreen with a SPF of at least 15 if you're planning on being outside for long periods of time (>2 hours). Remember that you can get sunburn on a cold sunny winter day as well as in summer.
8. Even though it may be bright and sunny, the temperature can still be –20° Celsius in winter, so dress appropriately.
9. Take into consideration the wind chill factor. A cold wind can make a temperature of –10° Celsius feel like –25° Celsius or worse.
10. Be careful to avoid frostbite. This occurs when skin is exposed too long to freezing temperatures and blood circulation to that area stops. Be careful that your ears, fingers, toes and cheeks are covered, especially when there is a wind.
11. Always carry emergency supplies in your car, in case you become stranded. Emergency supplies should include a blanket, a source of heat (candle and matches), non-perishable food, a shovel and a flashlight.
12. In winter allow yourself extra time to cross the road, as cars may have difficulty stopping on icy roads.