One of the pillars of the relationship with the United States is UAlberta's partnership with Fulbright Canada. The Foundation of Education Exchange between Canada and the United States of America (Fulbright Canada) is a bi-national, treaty-based, non-governmental, not-for-profit organization with a mandate to identify the best and brightest minds in both countries and engage them in residential academic exchange. UAlberta's most active participation is with the Fulbright Canada Visiting Research Chair program.

Fulbright Canada currently promotes seven Visiting Research Chair positions at the University of Alberta:

  • Chair in Native Peoples and Communities
  • Chair in Arts and Humanities
  • Chair in Business
  • Chair in Education
  • Chair in Food Safety
  • Chair in Aboriginal Legal and Resource Rights
  • Chair in Society and Culture

From the 2004-2005 academic year, UAlberta has received twenty-five Visiting Research Chairs. The Visiting Scholars Research scholars for the 2018-2019 academic year are:

  • Dr. Jessica Shoemaker from University of Nebraska; Chair in Aboriginal Legal and Resource Rights, hosted by the Faculty of Law
  • Dr. Elliot Maltz from Willamette University; Chair in Business, hosted by the Alberta School of Business
  • Prof. Ruthann Godollei, Macalester College; Chair in Arts and Humanities, hosted by the Faculty of Arts

Various University of Alberta professors have also spent time in the USA as recipients of Fulbright awards.

In addition, UAlberta participates in the Killam Fellowships Program administered by Fulbright Canada. This program supports undergraduate student exchange between Canada and the USA.

In December 2018, UAlberta hosted a visit by Dr. Michael Hawes, Fulbright Canada CEO, at which time agreements for the Visiting Research Chairs and Killam Fellowship programs were renewed.