The First Treaty First Nations person to acquire a Law Degree from the University of Alberta
- 1967 – Received Bachelor of Physical Education, University of Alberta
- 1975 – Master’s Degree in Physical Education, University of Alberta
- 1976 – Law degree from the Faculty of Law, University of Alberta
- Operates a law firm of J. Wilton Littlechild situated in the Erminskin Reserve. Strong advocate for the rights of Indigenous Peoples and promoter of implementation of the Treaties between the Indigenous Peoples of Canada and the Crown.
- Served as the Chairperson for the Commission on First Nations and Métis peoples and Justice Reform, mandated to review the justice system in the province of Saskatchewan
- 1988 – 1993 – Served as a Member of Parliament for the riding of Wetaskiwin - Rimby. He served on senior committees in the House of Commons and was a parliamentary delegate to the United Nations
- Organised a coalition of indigenous nations that gained consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. He was re-appointed by the E.C.O.S.O.C. President to represent North America and has completed his second term as the North American representative to the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
- 2006 – 2009 Elected by the Chiefs of Treaties 6, 7, 8 (Alberta) as the Regional Chief for the three Treaty territories
- An avid sportsman and athlete he has won more than fifty provincial, regional, national and international championships. Served as a Coach and organiser of sports events – being a founder of the North American Indigenous Games. Inducted into 7 Sports Walls of Fame.
- Serving as one of three Commissioners on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada
- 2007 - University of Alberta bestowed the Doctor of Laws Degree to Chief Littlechild for his outstanding achievements
- Honoured by being appointed the Honourary Chief for the Maskwacis Crees and by the Chiefs of the Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations as the International Chief for Treaty No. 6 Confederacy