A narrative sample consists of recorded and transcribed naturalistic speech from a speaker who is telling a story from pictures.
For this website, we analyzed narratives elicited using the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI). Transcriptions of narrative samples can be analyzed using a few simple codes for measures of language development like sentence length and expressive vocabulary.
Narrative samples are written like a play script mostly in ordinary orthography with a few special symbols – they are not phonetic transcriptions. These samples can provide a holistic view on a language learner’s abilities that can be useful for diagnostics as well as planning intervention targets.
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