BSc (Alberta) 1972
PhD (Alberta) 1983
Position Summary/ Research Interest:
Dr. Toogood's major activities revolve around the administration of the undergraduate program.
He is the primary instructor of the core course in engineering graphics and design taken by all students in the program. He also teaches a senior elective course in the use of simulation in mechanical engineering design (finite element methods in stress analysis and heat transfer, computer analysis of mechanisms).
He also is involved in an active collaborative research team with Drs. Carey (Mechanical Engineering), Major, and Badawi (both in the Division of Orthodontics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry). This group is interested in the study of the biomechanics involved in orthodontic devices and treatment.
Current Research includes:
1. Development of an Orthodontic Simulator (OSIM)
This work is directed at the development of a complex experimental apparatus that can measure the applied forces and moments to all 14 teeth in an orthodontic arch simultaneously. This system allows the researcher to place each tooth at a desired location/orientation (all 6 DOF), connect the teeth with an orthodontic archwire of specified prescription, and measure the applied forces/moments on each tooth. This is done in real time (teeth can be moved) and produces an easily-understood 3D display of force and moment vectors.
2. Design of Special-purpose Medical Devices
This ongoing activity is done in collaboration with various members of the local medical community. It involves design and prototyping of new medical equipment. To date, one patent has been applied for, for a device to be used in emergency cricothyrotomy. We are also looking at several problems in dentistry, internal medicine, and anesthesiology.
Fang, Y., Lagravere, M., Carey, J., Major, P., and Toogood, R., "Maxillary expansion treatment using bone anchors: development and validation of a 3D finite element model", Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical
Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 2, April, 2007, pp137 - 149.
Russet, S., Major, P., Carey, J., Toogood, R., Boulanger, P., "An experimental method for stereolithic mandible fabrication and image preparation", The Open Biomedical Engineering Journal, August, 2007.
Badawi, H., Carey, J., Major, P.W., Toogood, R.W., "Torque Expression of Self-Ligating Brackets", Accepted American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, January 2006.
Lagrav re. M.O., Fang Y., Carey J.; Toogood, R.W., Packota G.V., Major P.W., "Density Conversion Factor Determined using a Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Unit NewTom QR-DVT 9000", Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Feb 2006.
Breuer, O., Sandararaj, U., Toogood, R. "The Design and Performance of a New Miniature Mixer for Specialty Polymer Blends and Nanocomposites," Polymer Engineering and Science, May 2004, Vol 44.No.5, pp868-879
Carey, J., Fang, Y., Lagravere, M., Major, P., Toogood, R., "Finite element model for skeletal and dental effects prediction in maxillary expansion treatments using bone anchors", (poster) TecMed Alberta, 6 March 2007, Edmonton.
Fang Y., Lagrav re M.O., Carey J., Major, P.W., Toogood R., "A New Method for Developing Accurate Three Dimensional Finite Element Model of Skull Based on CT Imaging Data: Application to Maxillary Expansion Treatment", Society of Craniofacial Genetics, 28th Annual Meeting and Scientific Symposium, Salt Lake City, Utah, Oct. 25, 2005
Lagrav re M.O., Fang Y., Carey J., Major, P.W., Toogood R., "Suture Role in Orthodontic Maxillary Expansion", Society of Craniofacial Genetics, 28th Annual Meeting and Scientific Symposium, Salt Lake City, Utah, Oct. 25, 2005
Fang Y., Lagrav re M.O., Carey J., Major, P.W., Toogood R., "Biomechanical Study of Paramedian Palatal Implant Maxillary Expansion Treatments: Three Dimensional Finite Element Analyses", Submitted CSME 2006