Recommended Reading

Foundations of professionalism

Toward a normative definition of medical professionalism.
Swick HM. Acad Med. 2000;75:612-616

Professionalism: A contract between medicine and society. 
Cruess SR, Cruess RL. CMAJ. 2000;162:673-675

Is our level of professionalism where it should be? 
Lawrence W. Bull Am Coll Surg. 2004;89(6):21-25

Disciplinary action by medical boards and prior behavior in medical school. 
Papadakis MA, Teherani A, Banach MA, Knettler TR, Rattner SL, Stern DT, Veloski JJ, Hodgson CS. N Engl J Med.2005;353(25):2673–2682. [PubMed]

Defining and assessing professional competence. 
Epstein RM, Hundert EM. JAMA. 2002;287(2):226–235.

Unprofessional behavior in medical school is associated with subsequent disciplinary action by a state medical board. 
Papadakis MA, Hodgson CS, Teherani A et al (2004) Acad Med 79:244–249. 

Professional identity (trans)formation in medical education: reflection, relationship, resilience. 
Wald HS. Acad Med. 2015 Jun;90(6):701-6. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000731. PMID: 25881651

Preventing and managing unprofessionalism in medical school faculties. 
Binder R, Friedli A, Fuentes-Afflick E. Acad Med. 2015 Apr;90(4):442-6. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000592. PMID: 25470311

Amending Miller's Pyramid to Include Professional Identity Formation. 
Cruess RL, Cruess SR, Steinert Y. Acad Med. 2016 Feb;91(2):180-5. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000913. PMID: 26332429

Perspective: Organizational professionalism: relevant competencies and behaviors. 
Egener B, McDonald W, Rosof B, Gullen D. Acad Med. 2012 May;87(5):668-74. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e31824d4b67. Review. PMID: 22450182

Practical Professionalism

An evidence-based perspective on greetings in medical encounters
Makoul G, Zick A, Green M
Arch Intern Med. 2007 Jun 11;167(11):1172-6
PMID: 17563026

Teaching communications and professionalism through writing and humanities: reflections of ten years of experience
Sklar DP, Doezema D, McLaughlin S, Helitzer D
Acad Emerg Med. 2002 Nov;9(11):1360-4

Narrative, emotion and action: analysing 'most memorable' professionalism dilemmas
Rees CE, Monrouxe LV, McDonald LA
Med Educ. 2013 Jan;47(1):80-96. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2012.04302.x
PMID: 23278828

Defining professionalism from the perspective of patients, physicians, and nurses
Green M, Zick A, Makoul G
Acad Med. 2009 May;84(5):566-73. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e31819fb7ad
PMID: 19704188