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Carole Estabrooks, CM, PhD, RN, FCAHS, FAAN

Professor, Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in Knowledge Translation

Nursing | Public Health, School of

About Me


  • Postdoctoral fellowship, Institute of Clinical Evaluative Sciences & University of Toronto (2000)
  • PhD, Nursing, University of Alberta (1997)
  • MN, University of Alberta (1987)
  • BN, University of New Brunswick (1977)

Carole A. Estabrooks has been a member of the faculty and principal investigator of the Knowledge Utilization Studies Program since 1997. She holds a Tier I Canada Research Chair (CRC) in Knowledge Translation ( She is cross appointed in the School of Public Health ( Dr Estabrooks supervises undergraduate and graduate students and postdoctoral fellows and teaches in the areas of knowledge translation and research design. Her research focuses on basic and applied aspects of inquiry in the knowledge translation and knowledge utilization fields. She has been the recipient of several awards and achievements among them, the Order of Canada (2016), the Betty Havens Prize for Knowledge Translation in Aging (2014), the CAFA Distinguished Academic Award (2010), the Alumni Award of Distinction, University of New Brunswick (2007), the Alumni Horizon Award (2002), and career scientist awards from CIHR/MRC (Health Scholar, 2000-2005) and AHFMR (Population Health Investigator, 2000-2003). In 2007 Dr Estabrooks was elected to Fellowship in the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences (FCAHS). In 2011 she was inducted as a Fellow into the American Academy of Nurses (FAAN). She is a past member and Vice-Chair of the CIHR Institute of Aging.


Dr Estabrooks' research focuses on knowledge translation – knowledge translation interventions, the role of organizational context in facilitating knowledge translation, the effect of knowledge translation on resident/patient and provider outcomes. She also focuses increasingly on improvement methods and the sustainability, spread and scale-up of innovations (such as effective KT or QI interventions). She conducts her studies in a number of settings including acute care, home care and pediatrics but the majority of her research is conducted in residential long term care settings. She has developed the Alberta Context Tool© (ACT), currently being used in eight countries and six languages with active translation projects ongoing. The ACT measures modifiable elements of organizational context.

Active Projects: Principal Investigator

  • Safer Care for Older People in (residential) Environments (SCOPE). (CIHR, 2016-2019). Wagg AS (PI), Estabrooks CA (Co-PI), (Co-Is): Andersen E, Anderson M, Anderson R, Baunbusch J, Berta WB, Clement F, Cranley L, Cummings G, Dearing J, Doupe M, Ginsburg L, Holroyd-Leduc J, Keefe J, Knopp-Sihota J, Lanham H, McGregor M, Norton P, Profetto-McGrath J, Reid C, Senthilselvan S, Smith M, Squires J, Collaborators: Anderson C, Collins M, Dewar L, Dacombe Dewar L, Forbes H, Kozak-Campbell C, Lamont L, McKenzie I, Mansell L, McLeod D, Regier C, Risling E, Taylor D, Thompson G, Trinidad G, Schultz M. ($913,577).
  • Improving Nursing Home Care through Feedback On PerfoRMance Data (INFORM). (CIHR, 2015-2018). Estabrooks CA (PI), (Co-PI) Wagg A, (Co-Is): Andersen E, Anderson R, Baumbusch J, Berta W, Doupe M, Keefe J, Cranley L, Cummings G, Dearing J, Ginsburg L, Hoben M, McGregor M, Norton PG, Lanham H, Profetto-McGrath J, Reid C, Senthilselvan A, Smith M, Squires J, Teare G, Thompson G, (KUs): Anderson C, Anderson M, Bloemink K, Cook H, Collins M, Dacombe Dewar L, Davidson H, Klaasen K, Lamont L, Mansell L, McBain K, Regier C, Risling E, Schalm C, Taylor D, Trinidad G, (Collabs): Nicklin W, Schulz M. ($756,827)
  • TREC: Translating Research in Elder Care. (CIHR & Partner Funds, 2014-2020). Estabrooks CA (PI), (Co-Is): Baumbusch J, Berta W, Cranley L, Cummings GG, Dearing J, Doupe M, Ginsburg L, Hayduk L, Keefe J, McGregor M, Norton P, Profetto-McGrath J, Reid C, Senthilselvan A, Smith M, Squires J, Teare G, Thompson G, Wagg A, (KUs): Anderson C, Bloemink K, Cook H, Davidson H, Forbes H, Harriman C, Knight C, Lamont L, Mansell L, Regier C, Risling E, Schalm C, Taylor D, Trinidad G. ($9.4M).
  • Advice Seeking Networks in Long Term Care. (CIHR, 2014-2017). Estabrooks CA (PI), (PKUs): Cook H, McLeod D, (Co-PIs): Baumbusch J, Doupe M, Keefe J, Wagg A, (Co-As): Berta W, Cranley L, Cummings G, Dearing J, Ginsburg L, Knopp-Sihota J, McGregor M, Norton P, Profetto-McGrath J, Reid C, Squires J, Teare G, Thompson G, (KUs): Anderson C, Anderson M, Bloemink K, Boudreau D, Collins M, Dacombe Dewar L, Davidson H, Dill D, Forbes H, Lamont L, Mansell L, McBain K, Risling E, Schalm C, Taylor D, Trinidad G, (Collaborators): Compton G, Hall J, Hayduk L, Lai V, Leach T, MacDougall A, Maisey S, Nicklin W, Schutz M, Senthilselvan A, Sketris I, Waddleton D. ($615,000).
  • A Longitudinal Monitoring System in Canadian Residential Long Term Care. (CFI, Leadership Opportunities Fund, 2012-2016). Estabrooks CA (PI). ($1M)
  • Seniors: Adding Life to Years (SALTY). (CIHR Team Grant, Late Life Issues, 2015-2020). Keefe J (PI), Estabrooks CA (Co-PI), Andrew M, Armstrong H, Armstrong P, Aubrecht K, Berta W, Bourgeault I, Braedley S, Burger F, Cloutier-Fisher D, Daly T, Gruneir A, Hoben M, Marshall E, McGregor M, Norton P, Poss J, Stajduhar K, Cook H, English P, Grabusic C, Hillmer M, Schalm C, Silvius J, Stevens S, Taylor D, Teare G, MacDonald L, Fifield H, Findlay E, Forbes F, Janz T, Kjorven M, lePair Y, Lynam C, Mann J, Nicol J, Norman K, Waugh J. (CIHR $1,397,931, Partner Funding $637,500)

Active Projects: Co-Investigator

  • Effective Knowledge Translation Strategies for Enhancing Impact and Improving Outcomes in Infant Pain. (CIHR, 2016-2023). Stevens B (PI), Program Experts: Barwock M, Campbell-Yeo M, Chambers C, Estabrooks CA, Gibbins S, Harrison D, Isaranuwatchai W, Le May S, Noel M, Slotta J, Stinson J, Synnes A, Willan A, Yamada J. ($3,823,346).
  • Avoiding unnecessary transitions: Determinants and critical points in decision-making around transferring a nursing home resident to the Emergency Department. (Covenant Innovation Fund, 2014-2016). Cummings GG (PI), Spiers J, Anderson C, Estabrooks CA, Robinson C, Rowe B, Reid C, Cummings GE. ($199,875).
  • Sustaining Transfers Through Affordable Research Translation (START): Knowledge Translation Interventions to Support the Uptake of Innovations in Continuing Care Settings. (AIHS, 2012-2015). Slaughter S (PI), Estabrooks CA (Co-PI), Wagg A (Co-PI), West B, Hart C, Schalm C, Anderson C, Murphy A, Eliasziw M. ($742,408).
  • Sucrose Practices for Pain in Neonates (SPiN): A Program of Research. (CIHR, 2013-2016). Stevens B (PI), Ballantyne M, Campbell-Yeo M, Estabrooks CA, Gibbins S, Harrison D, McNair C, Sidani S, Squires J, Synnes A, Taddio A, Widger K, Willan A, Yamada J. ($1,246,500)
  • Sustainability of a multidimensional knowledge translation intervention to improve paediatric pain practices and outcomes. (CIHR, 2011-2015). Stevens B (PI), Barwick M, Campbell F, Chambers C, Cohen J, Cummings G, Estabrooks CA, Finley GA, Harrison D, Holsti L, Latimer M, Lee S, Le May S, McGrath P, Rashotte J, Rosmus C, Sawatsky-Dickson D, Scott S, Sidani S, Stinson J, Squires J, Taddio A, Warnock F, Willan A, Yamada J. ($822,401).


Dr Estabrooks teaches in the areas of knowledge translation, policy analysis, research design and methods, and organizational and health care outcomes. She typically mentors graduate students whose interests are in how organizations influence resident (patient) outcomes, provider outcomes, the use of best practices, and/or whose interests lie in the use of improvement science and methods to positively influence these outcomes. In addition to graduate students she supervises postdoctoral fellows and honors undergraduate students. Several CIHR, TVN and AIHS funded post doctoral fellows currently work with her. Dr Estabrooks currently teaches NURS 683 (Advanced Design) and has developed and taught INT D 690 (Topics in Knowledge Utilization) many times. She has also taught NURS 503 (Research Methods), NURS 600 (Theory Development) and NURS 699 (Dissertation Seminar).

Current Trainees

Postdoctoral Fellows

  • Adam Easterbrook, PhD (University of British Columbia)
  • Yuting Song, PhD (Duke University)

PhD Students 

  • Stephanie Chamberlain, BHSc (UOttawa), MA (MSVU)

Masters Students

  • Helen Doan, BScN (University of Alberta)

      For a complete list of trainees visit the KUSP Website.