Knowledge Utilization Studies Program



Chamberlain, S.A., Baik, S., Estabrooks, C.A. (2018). Unbefriended older adults: A scoping review of the prevalence and characteristics of older adults under public guardianship. Canadian Journal on Aging, 37(1), 1-11.

Cummings, G.G., Hewko, S.J., Wang, M., Wong, C., Laschinger, H., Estabrooks, C.A. (2018). Impact of managers’ coaching conversation on staff knowledge use and job performance in long-term care settings. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 15(1), 62-71.


Hoben, M., Knopp-Sihota, J.A., Nesari, M., Chamberlain, S.A., Squires, J.E., Norton, P.G., Cummings, G.G., Stevens, B.J., Estabrooks, C.A. (2017). Health of health care workers in Canadian nursing homes and pediatric hospitals: a cross-sectional study. CMAJ Open, 5(4), E791-E799.

Thompson, G.N., Doupe, M., Reid, R.C., Baumbusch, J., Estabrooks, C.A. (2017). Pain trajectories of nursing home residents nearing death. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 18(8), 700-706.

Cranley, L.A., Cummings, G.G., Profetto-McGrath, J., Toth, F., Estabrooks, C.A. (2017). Facilitation roles and characteristics associated with research use by health care professionals: A scoping review. BMJ Open, 7:e014384.

Feldman, H.H., Estabrooks, C.A. (2017). The Canadian Dementia Challenge: Ensuring optimal care and services for those at risk or with dementia throughout the country. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 108(1), e95-e97.

Cummings, G.G., Doupe, M., Ginsburg, L., McGregor, M., Norton, P.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2017). Development and validation of A Scheduled Shifts Staffing (ASSiST) measure of unit-level staffing in nursing homes. The Gerontologist, 75(3), 509-516.

Chamberlain, S., Gruneir, A., Hoben, M., Squires, J.E., Cummings, G.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2017). Influence of organizational context on nursing home staff burnout: A cross-sectional survey of care aides in western Canada. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 71, 60-69.

Dearing, J.W., Beacom, A.M., Chamberlain, S.A., Meng, J., Berta, W.B., Keefe, J.M., Squires, J.E., Doupe, M.B., Taylor, D., Reid, R.C., Cook, H., Cummings, G.G., Baumbusch, J.L., Knopp-Sihota, J., Norton, P.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2017). Pathways for best practice diffusion: The structure of informal relationships in Canada’s long-term care sector. Implementation Science, 12:11.

Hoben, M., Norton, P.G., Ginsburg, L.R., Anderson, R.A., Cummings, G.G., Lanham, H.J., Squires, J.E., Taylor, D., Wagg, A.S., Estabrooks, C.A. (2017). Improving Nursing Home Care through Feedback On PerfoRMance Data (INFORM): Protocol for a cluster-randomized trial. Trials, 18:9.


Knopp-Sihota, J.A., Patel, P., Estabrooks, C.A. (2016). Interventions for the treatment of pain in nursing home residents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 17(12), 1163.e19–1163.e28.

Hoben, M., Poss, J.W., Norton, P.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2016). Oral/dental items in the resident assessment instrument – minimum Data Set 2.0 lack validity: results of a retrospective, longitudinal validation study. Population Health Metrics, 14:36.

Chamberlain, S., Hoben, M., Squires, J., Estabrooks, C.A. (2016). Individual and organizational predictors of health care aide job satisfaction. BMC Health Services Research, 16:577.

Cummings, G.G., Doupe, M., Ginsburg, L., McGregor, M., Norton, P.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2016). Development and Validation of A Scheduled Shifts Staffing (ASSiST) Measure of Unit-Level Staffing in Nursing Homes. The Gerontologist. (Early access)

Hoben, M., Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Behrens, J. (2016). Factor structure, reliability and measurement invariance of the Alberta Context Tool and the Conceptual Research Utilization Scale, for German residential long term care. Frontier in Psychology, 7:1339.

Estabrooks, C.A., Knopp-Sihota, J., Cummings, G.G., Norton, P.G. (2016). Making research results relevant and useable: Presenting complex organizational context data to non-research stakeholders in the nursing home setting. Worldviews on Evidenced-based Nursing, 13(4), 270–276.

Cooper, S.L., Carleton, H.L., Chamberlain, S.A., Cummings, G.G., Bambrick, W., Estabrooks, C.A. (2016). Burnout in the nursing home health care aide: A systematic review. Burnout Research, 3(3), 76-87.

Muscedere, J., Andrew, M.K., Bagshaw, S.M., Estabrooks, C.A., Hogan, D., Holroyd-Leduc, J., Howlett, S., Lahey, W., Maxwell, C., McNally, M., Moorhouse, P., Rockwood, K., Rolfson, D., Sinha, S., Tholl, B., Canadian Frailty Network (CFN). (2016). Screening for Frailty in Canada's Health Care System: A Time for Action. Canadian Journal on Aging, 35(3), 281-297.

Hoben, M., Chamberlain, S.A., Knopp-Sihota, J.A., Poss, J.W., Thompson, G.N., Estabrooks, C.A. (2016). Impact of symptoms and care practices on nursing home residents at the end of life: A rating by front-line care providers. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 17(2), 155-161.


Knopp-Sihota, J.A., Niehaus, L., Squires, J.E., Norton, P.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2015). Factors associated with rushed and missed resident care in western Canadian nursing homes: A cross sectional survey of healthcare aides. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 24 (19-20), 2815-2825.

Berta, W., Cranley, L., Dearing, J.W., Dogherty, E., Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A. (2015). Why (we think) facilitation works: Insights from organizational learning theory. Implementation Science, 10:141.

Bergström, A., Skeen, S., Duc, D.M., Zelaya Blandon, E., Estabrooks, C.A., Gustavsson, P., Hoa, D.T.P., Källestål, C., Målqvist, M., Nga, N.T., Persson, L.- Å., Pervin, J., Peterson, S., Rahman, A., Selling, K., Squires, J.E., Tomlinson, M., Waiswa, P., Wallin, L. (2015). Health system context and implementation of evidence-based practices - development and validation of the Context Assessment for Community Health (COACH) tool for low- and middle-income settings. Implementation Science10:120.

Squires, J.E., Hoben, M., Linklater, S., Carleton, H.L., Graham, N., Estabrooks, C.A. (2015). Job satisfaction among care aides in residential long-term care: A systematic review of contributing factors, both individual and organizational. Nursing Research and Practice2015: Article ID 157924.

Squires, J.E., Hayduk, L., Mallick, R., Hutchinson, A.M., Norton, P.G., Cummings, G.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2015). Reliability and validity of the Alberta Context Tool (ACT) with professional nurses: Findings from a multi-study analysis. PLoS ONE, 10(6): e0127405.

Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Hayduk, L., Morgan, D., Cummings, G.G., Ginsburg, L., Stewart, N., McGilton, K., Kang, S.H., Norton, P.G. (2015). The influence of organizational context on best practice use by care aides in residential long-term care settings. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 16(6), 537.e1–537.e10.

Estabrooks, C.A., Hoben, M., Poss, J.W., Chamberlain, S.A., Thompson, G.N., Silvius, J.L., Norton, P.G. (2015). Dying in a nursing home: Treatable symptom burden and its link to modifiable features of work context. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 16(6), 515-520.

Slaughter, S., Wagg, A., Jones, A., Schopflocher, D., Ickert, C., Bampton, E., Jantz, A., Milke, D., Schalm, C., Lycar, C., Estabrooks, C.A. (2015). Mobility of Vulnerable Elders (MOVE) study: Effect of the sit-to-stand activity on mobility, Function and Quality of Life. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 16(2), 138-143.

Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Carleton, H.L., Cummings, G.G., Norton, P.G. (2015). Who is looking after mom and dad? Unregulated workers in Canadian nursing homes. Canadian Journal on Aging, 32(1), 47-59.


Gagnon, M.-P., Attieh, R., Ghandour, E.K., Légaré, F., Ouimet, M., Estabrooks, C.A., Grimshaw, J. (2014). A systematic review of instruments to assess organizational readiness for knowledge translation in health carePLoS One, 9(12), e114338.

Attieh, R., Gagnon, M.-P., Estabrooks, C.A., Légaré, F., Ouimet, M., Vasquez, P., Nuño, R. Organizational readiness for knowledge translation in chronic care: A Delphi studyBMC Health Services Research, 14:534.

Cammer, A., Morgan, D., Stewart, N., McGilton, K., Rycroft-Malone, J., Dopson, S., Estabrooks, C.A. (2014). The hidden complexity of long-term care: How context mediates knowledge translation and use of best practicesThe Gerontologist, 54(6), 1013-1023.

Doran, D.M., LeFebre, N., O’Brien, P., Estabrooks, C.A., White, P., Carryer, J., Sun, W. Qian, G., Bai, Y.Q., Li, M. The relationship among evidence-based practice and client dyspnea, pain, falls, and pressure ulcer outcomes in the community settingWorldviews on Evidence Based Nursing, 11(5), 274-283.

Cummings, G.G., Mallidou, A.A., Masaoud, E., Kumbamu, A., Schalm, C., Spence Laschinger, H.K., Estabrooks, C.A. (2014). On becoming a coach: A pilot intervention study with managers in long-term careHealth Care Management Review, 39(3), 198-209.

Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Hayduk, L., Gierl, M., Newburn-Cook, C.V. (2014). Precision of the Conceptual Research Utilization ScaleJournal of Nursing Measurement, 22(1), 145-163.

Norton, P.G., Murray, M., Doupe, M.B., Cummings, G.G., Poss, J.W., Squires, J.E., Teare, G.F., Estabrooks, C.A. (2014). Facility versus unit level reporting of quality indicators in nursing homes when performance monitoring is the goal. BMJ Open, 4:e004488.

Hoben, M., Bär, M., Mahler, C., Berger, S., Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Kruse, A., Behrens, J. (2014). Linguistic validation of the Alberta Context Tool and two measures of research use, for German residential long term careBMC Research Notes, 7:67.

Stevens, B.J., Yamada, J., Estabrooks, C.A., Stinson, J., Campbell, F., Scott, S., Cummings, G.G., CIHR Team in Children’s Pain. (2014). Pain in hospitalized children: Effect of a multidimensional knowledge translation strategy on pain process and clinical outcomesPAIN, 155(1), 60-68.


Reid, R.C., Cummings, G.E., Cooper, S., Abel, S.L., Bissell, L.J.L., Estabrooks, C.A., Rowe, B.H., Wagg, A., Norton, P.G., Ertel, M., Cummings, G.G. (2013). The Older Persons’ Transitions in Care (OPTIC) study: Pilot testing of the Transition Tracking ToolBMC Health Services Research, 13:515.

Attieh, R., Gagnon, M.-P., Estabrooks, C.A., Légaré, F., Ouimet, M., Roch, G., Ghandour, E.K., Grimshaw, J. (2013). Organizational readiness for knowledge translation in chronic care: A review of theoretical componentsImplementation Science, 8:138.

Hoben, M., Mahler, C., Bär, M., Berger, S., Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Behrens, J. (2013). German translation of the Alberta Context Tool and two measures of research use: Methods, challenges and lessons learnedBMC Health Services Research, 13:478.

Slaughter, S.E., Estabrooks, C.A. (2013). Optimizing the mobility of residents with dementia: A pilot study promoting healthcare aide uptake of a simple mobility innovation in diverse nursing home settingsBMC Geriatrics, 13:110.

Estabrooks, C.A., Knopp-Sihota, J., Norton, P.G. (2013). Practice sensitive quality indicators in MDS-RAI 2.0 nursing home dataBMC Research Notes, 6:460.

Slaughter, S.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Jones, A.C., Wagg, A.S., Eliasziw, M. (2013). Sustaining Transfers through Affordable Research Translation (START): A protocol to assess knowledge translation interventions in continuing care settingsTrials, 14:355.

Norton, P.G., Cranley, L.A., Cummings, G.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2013). Report of a pilot study of quality improvement in nursing homes led by healthcare aidesEuropean Journal for Person Centered Healthcare, 1(1), 255-264.

Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Scott, S., Cummings, G.G., Hayduk, L., Kang, S.H., Stevens, B. The influence of organizational context on the use of research by nurses in Canadian pediatric hospitalsBMC Health Services Research, 13:351.

Estabrooks, C.A., Poss, J.W., Squires, J.E., Teare, G.F., Morgan, D.G., Stewart, N., Doupe, M.B., Cummings, G.G., Norton, P.G. (2013). A profile of residents in prairie nursing homesCanadian Journal on Aging, 32(3), 223-231.

Mallidou, A.A., Cummings, G.G., Schalm, C., Estabrooks, C.A. (2013). Health care aides use of time in a residential long-term care unit: A time and motion studyInternational Journal of Nursing Studies, 50(9), 1229-1239.

Eldh, A.C., Ehrenberg, A., Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Wallin, L. (2013). Translating and testing the Alberta Context Tool for use among nurses in Swedish elder careBMC Health Services Research, 13:68.

Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Hayduk, L., Hutchinson, A.M., Cranley, L.A., Gierl, M., Cummings, G.G., Norton, P.G. (2013). A protocol for advanced psychometric assessment of surveysNursing Research and Practice, 2013, Article ID 156782.

Dearing, J.W., Smith, D.K., Larson, R.S., Estabrooks, C.A. (2013). Designing for diffusion of a biomedical interventionAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(1S2), S70-S76.

Doran, D.M., Haynes, B.R., Estabrooks, C.A., Kushniruk, A., Dubrowski, A., Bajnok, I., McGillis Hall, L., Li, M., Carryer, J., Jedras, D., Bai, Y.Q. (2012). The role of organizational context and individual nurse characteristics in explaining variation in use of information technologies in evidence based practice.Implementation Science, 7:122.


Cummings, G.G., Reid, C., Estabrooks, C.A., Norton, P.G., Cummings, G.E., Rowe, B.H., Abel, S., Bissell, L., Bottorff, J.L., Robinson, C.A., Wagg, A., Lee, J., Lynch, S., Masaoud, E. (2012). Older Persons' Transitions in Care (OPTIC): A study protocolBMC Geriatrics, 12:75.

Squires, J.E., Hutchinson, A.M., Boström, A.-M., Deis, K. , Norton, P.G., Cummings, G.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2012). A data quality control program for computer-assisted personal interviewsNursing Research and Practice, Article ID 303816.

Cranley, L.A., Norton, P.G., Cummings, G.G., Barnard, D., Batra-Garga, N., Estabrooks, C.A. (2012).Identifying resident care areas for a quality improvement intervention in long-term careBMC Geriatrics,12:59.

Cranley, L.A., Birdsell, J., Norton, P.G., Morgan, D.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2012). Insights into the impact and use of research results in a residential long-term care facility: A case studyImplementation Science, 7:90.

Hutchinson, A.M., Batra-Garga, N., Cranley, L., Boström, A.-M., Cummings, G.G., Norton, P.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2012). Feedback reporting of survey data to healthcare aidesImplementation Science, 7:89.

Boström, A.-M., Cranley, L., Hutchinson, A.M., Cummings, G.G., Norton, P.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2012).Nursing home administrators’ perspectives on a study feedback report: A cross sectional survey.Implementation Science, 7:88.

Estabrooks, C.A., Teare, G., Norton, P.G. (2012). Should we feed back research results in the midst of a studyImplementation Science, 7:87. 

Squires, J.E., Reay, T., Moralejo, D., LeFort, S.M., Hutchinson, A.M., Estabrooks, C.A. (2012). Designing strategies to implement research-based policies and procedures: A set of recommendations for nurse leaders based on the PARiHS frameworkJournal of Nursing Administration, 42(5), 293-297. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e318253565f

Boström, A.-M., Squires, J.E., Mitchell, A., Sales, A. E., Estabrooks, C.A. (2012). Workplace aggression experienced by frontline staff in dementia careJournal of Clinical Nursing, 21(9-10), 1453-1465. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03924.x 

Seers, K., Cox, K., Crichton, N.J., Edwards, R.T., Eldh, A.C., Estabrooks, C.A., Harvey, G., Hawkes, C., Kitson, A., Linck, T., McCarthy, G., McCormack, B., Mockford, C., Rycroft-Malone, G., Titchen, A., Wallin, L. (2012). FIRE (Facilitating Implementation of Research Evidence): A study protocol.  Implementation Science, 7:25. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-7-25

Boström, A.-M., Slaughter, S.E., Chojecki, D., Estabrooks, C.A. (2012). What do we know about knowledge translation science in the care of older adults? A scoping reviewJournal of the American Medical Directors Association, 13(3), 210-219. doi:10.1016/j.jamda.2010.12.004


Slaughter, S.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Jones, A., Wagg, A. (2011). Mobility of Vulnerable Elders (MOVE): Study protocol to evaluate the implementation and outcomes of a mobility intervention in long-term care facilities.BMC Geriatrics, 11:84. doi:10.1186/1471-2318-11-84

Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Hutchinson, A.M., Scott, S., Cummings, G.C., Kang, S.H., Midodzi, W., Stevens, B. Assessment of variation in the Alberta Context Tool: The contribution of unit level contextual factors and practice specialty in Canadian pediatric acute care settingsBMC Health Services Research, 11:251. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-11-251

Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., O’Rourke, H.M., Gustavsson, P., Newburn-Cook, C.V., Wallin, L. (2011). A systematic review of the psychometric properties of instruments used to measure research utilization in healthcareImplementation Science, 6:83. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-83

Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Strandberg, E., Nilsson-Kajermo, K., Scott, S.D., Profetto-McGrath, J., Harley, D., Wallin, L. (2011). Towards better measures of research utilization: A collaborative study in Canada and SwedenJournal of Advanced Nursing, 67(8), 1705-1718. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05610.x

Mallidou, A.A., Cummings, G.C., Ginsburg, L.R., Chuang, Y-T., Kang, S.H., Norton, P.G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2011). Staff, space, and time as dimensions of organizational slack: A psychometric assessmentHealth Care Management Review, 36(3), 252-264. doi:10.1097/HMR.0b013e318208ccf8

Gagnon, M.-P., Labarthe, J., Légaré, F., Ouimet, M., Estabrooks, C.A., Roch, R., Ghandour, E.K., Grimshaw, J. (2011). Measuring organizational readiness for knowledge translation in chronic careImplementation Science, 6:72. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-72

SCOPE: Safer Care for Older Persons (in residential) Environments – A study protocol. Implementation Science, 6:71. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-71

Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Hayduk, L.A., Cummings, G.G., Norton, P.G. (2011). Advancing the argument for validity of the Alberta Context Tool with unregulated nursing care providers in residential long-term careBMC Medical Research Methodology, 11:107. doi:10.1186/1471-2288-11-107

Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Newburn-Cook, C.V., Gierl, M. (2011). Validation of the Conceptual Research Utilization Scale: An application of the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing in HealthcareBMC Health Services Research, 11:107. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-11-107

Estabrooks, C.A., Morgan, D.G., Squires, J.E., Boström A.M., Slaughter, S., Cummings, G.G., Norton, P.G. (2011). The care unit in nursing home research: Evidence in support of a definitionBMC Medical Research Methodology, 11:46. doi:10.1186/1471-2288-11-46

Squires, J.E., Hutchinson, A.M., Bostrom, AM., O’Rourke, H., Cobban, S., Estabrooks, C.A. (2011). To what extent do nurses use research in clinical practice? A systematic reviewImplementation Science, 6:21. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-21

Chizawsky, L.L.K., Estabrooks, C.A., Sales, A.E. (2011). The feasibility of web-based surveys as a data collection tool: A process evaluationApplied Nursing Research, 24(1), 37-44. doi:10.1016/j.apnr.2009.03.006

Boström, A.-M., Van Soest, D., Kolewaski, B., Milke, D.L., Estabrooks, C.A. (2011). Nutrition status among residents living in a Veterans’ long-term facility in Western Canada: A pilot studyJournal of the American Medical Directors Association, 12(3), 217-225. doi:10.1016/j.jamda.2010.07.005

Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Wallin, L., Gustavsson, P. (2011). Individual determinants of research utilization by nurses: A systematic review updateImplementation Science, 6:1. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-1

Mallidou, A.A., Cummings, G.G., Estabrooks, C.A., Giovannetti, P. (2011). Nurse specialty subcultures and patient outcomes in acute care hospitals: A multiple-group structural equation modelInternational Journal of Nursing Studies, 48(1), 81-93. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2010.06.002


Cummings, G.G., Midodzi, W.K., Wong, C., Estabrooks, C.A. (2010). The contribution of hospital nursing leadership styles to 30-day hospital mortalityNursing Research, 59(5), 331-339. doi:10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181ed74d5

Scott, S.D., Profetto-McGrath, J., Estabrooks, C.A., Winther, C., Wallin, L., & Lavis, J. (2010). Mapping the Knowledge Utilization Field in Nursing from 1945-2004: A Bibliometric AnalysisWorldviews in Evidence-Based Nursing, 7(4), 226-237. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-6787.2010.00197.x

Fraser, K.D., Estabrooks, C.A., Allen, M.N., Strang, V. (2010). The relational nature of case manager resource allocation decision making: An illustrated caseCare Management Journals, 11(3), 151-156. doi:10.1891/1521-0987.11.3.151

Sales, A.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Valente, T. (2010). The impact of social networks on knowledge transfer in long-term care facilities: Protocol for a studyImplementation Science, 5: 49. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-5-49

Cummings, G.G., Hutchinson, A., Scott, S, Norton, P., Estabrooks, C.A. (2010). The relationship between characteristics of context and research utilization in a pediatric setting. BMC Health Services Research, 10: 168. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-168

Hutchinson, A.M., Milke, D., Maisey, S., Johnson, C., Squires, J.E., Teare, G., Estabrooks, C.A. (2010).Resident Assessment Instrument Minimum Data Set 2.0 Quality Indicators: A Systematic Review. BMC Health Services Research, 10: 166. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-166

Nilsson Kajermo, K., Boström, A-M., Thompson, D.S., Hutchinson, A.M., Estabrooks, C.A. (2010). The BARRIERS SCALE – the Barriers to Research Utilization Scale: A systematic review. Implementation Science, 5: 32. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-5-32


Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Cummings, G.G., Birdsell, J.M., Norton, P.G. (2009). Development and assessment of the Alberta Context Tool. BMC Health Services Research, 9:234

Estabrooks, C.A., Hutchinson, A.M., Squires, J.E., Birdsell, J., Cummings, G.G., Degner, L., Morgan, D., Norton, P.G. (2009). Translating Research in Elder Care: an Introduction to a study protocol series. Implementation Science, 4:51.

Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Cummings, G.G., Teare, G.F., Norton, P.G. (2009). Study protocol for the Translating Research in Elder Care (TREC): Building Context - an Organizational Monitoring Program in Long-Term Care Project (Project 1). Implementation Science, 4:52.

Rycroft-Malone, J., Dopson, S., Degner, L., Hutchinson, A.M., Estabrooks, C.A., Morgan, D., Stewart, N. (2009). Study protocol for the Translating Research in Elder Care (TREC): Building Context Through Case Studies in Long-Term Care Project (Project 2). Implementation Science. 4:53.

Estabrooks, C.A., Cummings, G.G., Armijo Olivo, S., Squires, J.E., Giblin, C., & Simpson, N. (2009). Effects of shift length on quality of patient care and health provider outcomes: A systematic review. Quality & Safety in Health Care, 18(3) 181-188.

Fraser, K.D., Estabrooks, C.A., Allen, M., Strang, V. (2009). Factors that influence case managers' resource allocation decisions in pediatric home care: An ethnographic study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46(3), 337–349.

Thompson, C., Bucknall, T., Estabrooks, C.A., Hutchinson, A., Fraser, K., de Vos, R., Binnecade, J., Barrat, G., Saunders, J. (2009). Nurses critical event risk assessments: A judgment analysis. Journal of Clinical Nursing18(4), 601-612.


Estabrooks, C.A., Derksen, L., Lavis, J.N., Winther, C., Scott, S.D., Wallin, L., Profetto-McGrath, J. (2008). The intellectual structure and substance of the knowledge utilization field: A longitudinal author co-citation analysis, 1945-2004. Implementation Science, 3:49.

Thompson, C., Dalgleish, L., Bucknall, T., Estabrooks, C.A., Hutchinson, A., Fraser, K., de Vos, R., Binnecade, J., Barrat, G., Saunders, J. (2008). The effects of time pressure and experience on nurses' risk assessment decisions: A signal detection analysis. Nursing Research, 57(5), 302-311.

Estabrooks, C.A. (2008). Renegotiating the social contract? The emergence of knowledge translation science [Guest Editorial], Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 40,11-15.

Estabrooks, C.A., Norton, P., Birdsell, J.M., Newton, M.S., Adewale, A.J., & Thornley, R. (2008). Knowledge translation and research careers: Mode I and Mode II activity among health researchers. Research Policy, doi:10.1016/j.respol.2008.04.006.

Fraser, K.D., & Estabrooks, C. (2008). What factors influence case managers’ resource allocation decisions? A systematic review of the literature. Medical Decision Making.

Estabrooks, C.A., Scott-Findlay, S., Squires, J.E., Stevens, B., O’Brien-Pallas, L., Watt-Watson, J., Profetto-McGrath, J., McGilton, K., Golden-Biddle, K, Lander, J., Donner, G., Boschma, G., Humphrey, C.K., Williams, J. (2008). Patterns of Research Utilization on Patient Care Units.Implementation Science.

Spenceley, S.M., O’Leary, K.A., Chizawsky, L.L.K., Ross, A.J., Estabrooks C.A. (2008). Sources of information used by nurses to inform practice: An Integrative Review. International Journal of Nursing Studies.

Thompson, D.S., Moore, K.N., Estabrooks, C.A. (2008) Increasing research use in nursing: implications for clinical educators and managers (editorial). Evidence-Based Nursing, 11(2), 35-39.

Scott, S., Estabrooks, C., Allen, M., Pollock, C. (2008). A context of uncertainty: How context shapes nurses’ research utilization behaviors.Qualitative Health Research,18, 347-357.

Thompson, D., O’Leary, K., Jensen, E., Scott-Findlay, S., O’Brien-Pallas, L., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2008). The relationship between busyness and research use: It’s about time. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(4), 539-548.


O’Leary, K.A., Estabrooks, C.A., Olson, K., Cumming, C. (2007). Information acquisition for women facing surgical treatment for breast cancer: Influencing factors and selected outcomes. Patient Education & Counseling (online). Vol 69/1-3, 5-19.

Estabrooks, C.A., Kenny, D.J., Adewale, A., Cummings, G.G., & Mallidou, A.A. (2007). A Comparison of Research Utilization among Nurses Working in Canadian Civilian and United States Military Healthcare Organizations. Research in Nursing & Health 30(3), 282-296.

Estabrooks, C.A. Prologue: A program of research in knowledge translation (2007). Nursing Research, 56(4), Supplement 1, S4-S6.

Midodzi, W.K., Hayduk, L., Cummings, G.G., Estabrooks, C.A., & Wallin, L. (2007). An alternative approach to addressing missing indicators in parallel datasets: Research utilization as a phantom latent variable. Nursing Research, 56(4), Supplement 1, S47-S52.

Adewale, A.J., Hayduk, L., Estabrooks, C.A., Cummings, G.G., Midodzi, W.K., & Derksen,L. (2007). Understanding hierarchical linear models: Application in nursing research. Nursing Research, 56(4), Supplement 1, S40-S46.

Cummings, G.G., Estabrooks, C.A., Midodzi, W.K., Wallin, L., Hayduk, L. (2007). Influence of organizational characteristics and context on research utilization. Nursing Research, 56(4), Supplement 1, S24-S39.

Estabrooks, C.A., Midodzi, W.K., Cummings, G.G., Wallin, L., & Adewale, A. (2007). Predicting research use in nursing organizations: A multilevel analysis. Nursing Research, 56(4), Supplement 1, S7-S23.


Thompson, D.S., Estabrooks, C.A., Scott-Findlay, S., Moore, K., & Wallin, L. (2007). Interventions aimed at increasing research use in nursing: A systematic review. Implementation Science, 2:15

Newton, M.S., Estabrooks, C.A., Norton, P., Birdsell, J.M., Adewale, A.J., & Thornley, R. (2007). Health researchers in Alberta: An exploratory comparison of defining characteristics and knowledge translation activities. Implementation Science, 2(1).


Scott-Findlay, S., Estabrooks, C.A. (2006). Mapping the organizational culture research in nursing: a literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing 56(5), 498-513.

Levers, M-J, Estabrooks, C.A. , & Ross-Kerr, J. (2006). Factors contributing to frailty: Literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing 56(3), 282-291.

Meijers, J., Janssen, M., Cummings, G.G., Wallin, L., Estabrooks, C., & Halfens, R. (2006). Assessing the relationships between contextual factors and nurses' use of research: A systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing55(5), 622-635.

Wallin, L., Estabrooks, C.A., Midodzi, W., & Cummings, G.G. (2006). Development and validation of a derived measure of research utilization by nurses. Nursing Research, 55 (3), 149-160.

Milner, F.M., Estabrooks , C.A., & Myrick, F. (2006). Clinical nurse educators and research utilization: A systematic review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 12(6), 639.

Cummings, G.G., Hayduk, L., & Estabrooks , C.A. (2006). Is the Nursing Work Index measuring up? Moving beyond estimating reliability to testing validity. Nursing Research, 55 (2), 82-93.

Estabrooks, C.A., Thompson, D.S., Lovely, J.J.E., & Hofmeyer, A. (2006). A guide to knowledge translation theory. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 26(1), 25-36.

Thompson, G.N., Estabrooks , C.A. , & Degner, L.F. (2006). Clarifying the concepts in knowledge transfer: A literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53 (6), 691-701.


Estabrooks, C.A. &  O'Leary, K. (2006). 30th anniversary commentary on MacGuire J.M. (1990) Putting research findings into practice: research utilization as an aspect of the management of a change. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 15, 614-620. MacGuire's challenges are still valid. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53(1), 71-73.


Milner, M., Estabrooks, C.A., & Humphrey, C. (2005) Clinical nurse educators as agents for change: Increasing research utilization in practice.International Journal of Nursing Research, 42(8), 899-914.

Estabrooks, C.A., Chong, H., Brigidear, K., & Profetto-McGrath, J. (2005). Profiling Canadian nurses' preferred knowledge sources for clinical practice. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 37(2), 118-141.

Estabrooks, C.A., Midodzi, W., Cummings, G., Ricker, K.L., & Giovannetti, P. (2005). The Impact of hospital nursing characteristics on 30-day mortality. Nursing Research, 54(2), 74-84.

Estabrooks, C.A., Rutakumwa, W., O'Leary, K., Profetto-McGrath, J., Milner, M., Levers, M.J., & Scott-Findlay, S. (2005). Sources of practice knowledge among nurses. Qualitative Health Research, 15 (4), 460-476.

Thomson, D., Bzdel, L., Golden-Biddle, K., Reay, T., & Estabrooks, C. A. (2005, January). Central Questions of Anonymization: A Case Study of Secondary Use of Qualitative Data [33 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research [On-line Journal], 6 (1), Art. 29. Available at:

Cummings, G.G., Hayduk, L. & Estabrooks, C.A. (2005). Mitigating the effects of hospital restructuring on nurses: The responsibility of emotionally intelligent leadership. Nursing Research, 54 (1), 2-12.


Estabrooks, C.A., Winther, C., & Derksen, L. (2004). Mapping the field. A bibliometric analysis of the research utilization literature in nursing. Nursing Research, 53 (5), 293-303.

Estabrooks, C.A. (2004). Thoughts on evidence-based nursing and its science - a Canadian perspective. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing , 1 (2), 88-91. 

Ehrenberg, A., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2004). Why using research matters. Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing , 31 (2), 62-64.


Estabrooks, C.A. , Wallin, L., & Milner, M. (2003). Measuring knowledge utilization in health care. International Journal of Policy Evaluation & Management , 1 (1), 3-36.

Estabrooks, C.A. (2003). Perilous journey: Canadian nursing research in 2009. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership 16(3): 30-34.

Estabrooks, C.A. (2003). Translating research into practice: Implications for organizations and administrators. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research . 35(3): 53-68. 

Cummings, G., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2003) The effects of hospital restructuring on individual nurses: A systematic review. International Journal of Sociology , 23 (8/9): 8-53

Estabrooks, C.A. , Floyd, J.A., Scott-Findlay, S., O’Leary, K.A., & Gushta, M. (2003) Individual determinants of research utilization: a systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 43(5), 506-520.

Estabrooks, C.A. , O’Leary, K.A., Hesketh, K.L., & Humphrey, C.K. (2003). The Internet and access to evidence: How are nurses positioned? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 42(1), 73-81.

Profetto-McGrath, J., Hesketh, K.L., Lang, S, & Estabrooks, C.A. (2003). A Study of Critical Thinking and Research Utilization Among Nurses. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 25(3), 322-337.

Hesketh, K., Duncan, S., Estabrooks, C.A., Reimer, M., Hyndman, K., Acorn, S., & Giovannetti, P. (2003). Workplace violence in Alberta and British Columbia hospitals. Health Policy, 63(3), 311 - 321.


Scott-Findlay, S., Estabrooks, C.A., Cohn, D., & Pollock, C. (2002). Nursing human resource planning in Alberta: What went wrong? Policy, Politics and Nursing Practice, 3(4), 348-357.

Estabrooks, C.A. , Tourangeau, A., Humphrey, C.K., Hesketh, K., Giovannetti, P., Clarke, H., Acorn, A., Wong, J., Thomson, D., & Shamian, J. (2002). Measuring the hospital practice environment: A Canadian Context. Research in Nursing & Health, 25(4), 256-268.

Rycroft-Malone, J., Kitson, A., Harvey, G., McCormack, B., Seers, K., Titchen, A., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2002). Ingredients for change: revisiting a conceptual framework. Quality & Safety in Health Care, 11(2), 174-180.


Morris, M., Scott-Findlay, S., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2001). Evidence-based nursing web sites: Finding the best resources. AACN Clinical Issues, 12(4), 578-587.

Estabrooks, C.A., Goel, V., Thiel, E., Pinfold, S.P., Sawka, C., & Williams, J.I. (2001). Decision Aids: Are they worth it? A systematic review of structured decision aids. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 6(3), 170-182.

Duncan, S.M., Hyndman, K., Estabrooks, C.A., Hesketh, K., Humphrey, C.K., Wong, J.S., Acorn, S., & Giovannetti, G. (2001). Nurses’ experience of violence in Alberta and British Columbia hospitals. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 32(4), 57-78.

Lewis, S.J., Kouri, D., Estabrooks, C.A., Dickinson, H., Dutchak, J.J., Williams, J.I., Mustard, C., & Hurley, J. (2001). Devolution to democratic health authorities in Saskatchewan: An interim report. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 164(3), 343-347.

2000 and prior

Humphrey, C.K., Estabrooks, C.A., Norris, J.R., Smith, J.E.& Hesketh, K.L. (2000, December). Archivist on board: Contributions to the research team. [18 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/ Forum: Qualitative Social Research [On-line Journal], 1(3). Available at:

Estabrooks, C.A. (1999). Will Evidence–Based Nursing Practice Make Practice Perfect? Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 1969–1999, 30 (4), 273–294 [selected for reprinting in 30th anniversary issue].

Estabrooks, C.A. (1999). Modeling the individual determinants of research utilization. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 21 (6), 758–772.

Estabrooks, C.A. (1999). Mapping the research utilization field in nursing. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 31(1), 53–72.

Estabrooks, C.A. (1999). The conceptual structure of research utilization. Research in Nursing & Health, 22, 203–216.

Sochalski, J., Estabrooks, C.A., & Humphrey, C.K. (1999). Nurse staffing and patient outcomes: Evolution of an international study. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 31, 69–88.

Estabrooks, C.A. (1998). Will Evidence–Based Nursing Practice Make Practice Perfect? Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 30(1), 15–36.

Estabrooks, C.A. (1997). What Kind of Evidence does Qualitative Research Offer Cardiovascular Nurses? Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 8(1), 31–33.

Estabrooks, C.A., & Romyn, D.M. (1995). Data sharing in nursing research: Advantages and challenges. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 27(1), 77–88.

Estabrooks, C.A. (1995). Lavinia Lloyd Dock: The Henry Street Years. Nursing History Review, 3, 143–172.

Estabrooks, C.A. , Field, P.A., & Morse, J.M. (1994). Aggregating qualitative findings: An approach to theory development. Qualitative Health Research, 4(4), 503–511.

Estabrooks, C.A. , & Morse, J.M. (1992). Toward a theory of touch: The touching process and acquiring a touching style. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 17, 448–456.

Estabrooks, C.A. (1989). Touch: A nursing strategy in the ICU. Heart and Lung, 18,(4), 392–401.

Estabrooks, C.A. (1987). Touch in nursing practice: A historical perspective. Journal of Nursing History, 2,(2), 33–49.