Knowledge Gaps: Exploring the Interactions between the Local State and Non-Governmental Organizations in China
Funded research from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), this study looked at state and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) relations in China by analyzing the scope of interactions between the local state and NGOs. The study drew on theories of institutional knowledge production and strategic ignorance to explain lower rates of observable collaboration between NGOs and local authorities, despite the increasing inability for the local state to finance social welfare. Through case study analysis of NGOs in Beijing, Shanghai, Chongqing, Kunming, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, the following aspects were examined:
- the depth of knowledge Chinese local authorities have of local NGOs (e.g. their material, symbolic and interpretive powers)
- Analyzed whether knowledge or lack of is used strategically by local authorities in their calculus in working with NGOs
- Critically assess the process in which local NGOs seek to establish legitimacy for its constituents and local authorities, viz. the production of knowledge (epistemic power).
Hasmath, R. & J.Y.J. Hsu. eds. 2016. NGO Governance and Management in China. London: Routledge.
Hsu, J.Y.J. & R. Hasmath. Under Review. “Approaching Maturity: The Role of Knowledge and Professionalization in the Development of Chinese NGOs.” Journal of Development Studies.
Hasmath, R. & Hsu, J.Y.J. 2014. “Isomorphic Pressures, Epistemic Communities and State-NGO Collaboration in China.” The China Quarterly 220: 936-954.
Hsu, J.Y.J. & R. Hasmath. 2014. “The Local Corporatist State and NGO Relations in China.” Journal of Contemporary China 23(87): 516-534.