Research Ethics Office

When is ACUC Review Required?

Animal Use Requiring ACUC Review

The University is responsible for all research, teaching and testing involving living non-human vertebrates or invertebrates of Class Cephalopoda or higher conducted by its staff and students, whether the research is conducted at the University of elsewhere.  The University is also responsible for all research, teaching and testing using animals that takes place within its facilities or using its resources.

Collaborations

University staff and students participate in research collaborations and partnerships all over the world AND the University receives visiting students and scholars from a host of countries and institutions.

Despite many nuances that arise in this type of collaboration, in almost all cases a review must be done by one of the Animal Care and Use Committees at the University of Alberta. This document outlines some potential scenarios that can arise in collaborative research (UAPWC 2016), and how the ACUC will handle the review and approval. See also CCAC FAQs on Animal-based Projects Involving Two or More Institutions (March 2019).

Exceptions to the Requirement for ACUC Review

Some research, teaching or other activities such as those described below may not require full review by an Animal Care and Use Committee.  For these cases, an Exceptions to ACUC Review Form should be submitted to allow brief review and confirmation that full ACUC review is not required.   

  1. Research or teaching protocols that are Category A of invasiveness do not require full ACUC review: 
    • Observation of wild animals (where the research does not involve modification of the environment that might affect animal behaviour);
    • Invertebrate animal research (below Class Cephalopoda);
    • Work involving live isolates (eg. excreta/parasites collected from the environment without handling live animals, zebrafish embryos less than 96 hours old, chick embryos at less than 2/3 incubation);
    • Work involving animal derived tissues or cadavers (animals found dead or tissue obtained from the slaughter house or animals euthanized under another AUP for that research but which can be used for another purpose).
  2. Other activities that involve interacting with animals (i.e., activities that are not research, teaching or testing) may also not require ethics review, but may still require consideration of animal welfare, human health and safety, or other issues that need to be addressed.  For example, the use of companion animals in a student club event, or the use of a therapy dog during exam time, bringing animals on campus for social events.  All activities with pets must be in compliance with the Pets on Campus Procedure (UAPPOL)

Submit the Exceptions to ACUC Review Form to the Research Ethics Office (REAnimal@ualberta.ca) BEFORE the research/teaching/activity is conducted.  The form will be reviewed by the ACUC Consultant and the University Veterinarian, which can normally be completed within five business days.  

In rare cases, it may be determined that the described activities actually do require ACUC review, and in those situations the applicant is directed to file a full Animal Use Protocol application through the online system.