loprimate Osteopathology

The expression of trauma and disease in the skeletal remains of free-living apes and monkeys, and how this reflects social behaviour and may inform our understanding of selective pressures in primate and hominid evolution, is the focus of this ongoing research project.

Alloprimate skeletal remains housed at the Smithsonian Institution and at the Powell-Cotton Museum (Birchington, Kent, UK) have been studied, the latter collection in collaboration with colleagues Robert D. Jurmain and Lynn Kilgore.



2000 Lovell, Nancy C., Robert Jurmain, and Lynn Kilgore. Skeletal Evidence of Probable Treponemal Infection in Free-ranging African Apes. Primates 41(3):273-288.

1991 Lovell, Nancy C. An Evolutionary Framework for Assessing Illness and Injury in Nonhuman Primates. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 34:117-155

1990 Lovell, Nancy C. Skeletal and Dental Pathology of the Mountain Gorilla. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 81:399-412

1990 Lovell, Nancy C. Patterns of Injury and Illness in Great Apes: A Skeletal Analysis. Smithsonian Institution Press. xiii + 273 pp


1992 "Illness and injury in subadult gorillas and chimpanzees". Annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Madison. (refereed abstract)

1987 "Skeletal pathology of pongids". Annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, New York (refereed abstract)

1987 "Skeletal and dental pathology of the Mountain Gorilla". Annual meeting of the Paleopathology Association, New York.

1986 "Skeletal Pathology of Great Apes". Annual meeting of the Canadian Association for Physical Anthropology, Montreal/Jouvence

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