Skeletal Biology Project
Investigator: Dr. Nancy C. Lovell
This project is in the final stages of data analysis and publication.
by grants from the Social
Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and the
Egyptian Skeletal Biology Project began in 1989 with a presentation
in a Seminar on Bioanthropological Sciences in Egypt at the Kasr
el Einy Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, followed by a surface
survey at the Hill of Bones at Mendes in 1990. The Project consists
of the excavation and analysis of human skeletal remains from
two sites in the Delta of Lower (northern) Egypt (Mendes and Kafr
Hassan Daoud) and the analysis of skeletal remains excavated early
in the 20th century and presently curated at museums and universities
in Europe, the United States, and Egypt.
goals of the Project are 1) to investigate the relationship between
the health of ancient Egyptians and the development of social
stratification, occupational specialization, and highly organized
bureaucracy (particularly during the transition from the Predynastic
through Archaic to Old Kingdom Periods) was related to their social
position or occupation; and 2) to investigate the role of in-
and out-migration in the origin and development of the ancient
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