Early Childhood Screening in Immigrant and Refugee Families

Principal Investigator: Rebecca Gokiert
Research Team: Jeff Bisanz, Lisa Tews, Yvonne Chui, Michelle Craig
Funder: Canadian Council on Learning
Duration: 2006-2008

The Early Childhood Screening in Immigrant and Refugee Populations project was designed to examine the cultural validity of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ®), for use with immigrant and refugee children.

Working in partnership with the Multicultural Health Brokers Co-op, the project used a multi-method approach to determine if the ASQ is effective in screening young children's development from immigrant and refugee backgrounds, or if there are barriers that require unique tools or approaches.


  • children from immigrant background had limited exposure to activities and objects embedded in items on the (ASQ®);
  • some items conflicted with cultural/family patterns of socialization; and
  • different cultural groups possess different standards for measuring children's development.

Cross Cultural Lessons: Early Childhood Developmental Screening and Approaches to Research and Practice, is a community handbook summarizing the key lessons and messages that emerged from the study. The handbook can be accessed here.