Funded Research Projects

Sarah Carter (PI), Who Owns the Prairies: A History of the Land and Its Custodians, 1870s-2021
SSHRC Insight Grant (2022-2026)

This study will uncover and analyze who has owned the farmlands of the prairies of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta from the 1870s treaties to today. It will dissect the objectives, attitudes, politics, and logics of the laws and policies that shaped land ownership and consequently the society, culture, and economy of the prairies. Certain peoples and sectors were nurtured and they prospered, while others were discouraged and hindered. Many generations of settlers to the prairies insisted that Indigenous people were not worthy owners of such a valuable commodity as land, considered to be the "rightful heritage" of the settlers. Filling up the "empty lands," "free lands," "cheap lands," "homestead lands," and "rich lands" of the prairies with settlers was critical to the nation-building project. Settlers permitted to claim land were to be white and male; deliberate steps were taken to prevent settler women, Indigenous people, and African Americans from acquiring land. The treaties of the 1870s promised that the land would be shared, but this promise was shattered in a landscape altered by settler dominance.

Heather Coleman (PI), Translation and Dissemination of Russian Baptists and Spiritual Revolution
KIAS Dialogue Grant (2021-2023)

Russian Baptists and Spiritual Revolution won Honourable Mention for the Wallace K. Ferguson Prize of the Canadian Historical Association in 2006. It argues that religion played a crucial role in the formation and contestation of new social identities in revolutionary Russia, in the emergence of a public sphere and civic culture, and in debates on the nature of nationality, citizenship, and politics. It demonstrates that not just class, on which historians have traditionally focused, but also religious affiliation played a significant role in organizing public identities and transforming attitudes about power in modern Russian society. The publisher, Indiana University Press, is a major international university press, with one of the largest and most influential lists in Russian history in English. The book received positive reviews in the major journals in my field in the US, Canada, the UK, and Germany and is widely cited. Indeed, one reviewer wrote, “[a]fter Coleman's book, it will be impossible to discuss the role of religion in modern Russia without referring to the Baptists.” However, although Russians and Ukrainians working in the narrow field of Baptist studies regularly cite it, access is limited and the book has not come to the attention of the broader community of historians in Russia. Publication of a translation into Russian would be the crucial final step in completing the knowledge mobilization of my prize-winning work. The publication of Russian Baptists and Spiritual Revolution, 1905-1929, will be translated into Russian to be part of the Academic Studies Press's series "Contemporary Western Russian Studies."

Crystal Fraser (PI), Gwiizii ts’àt gwitàatsàh, We Will Make It Better: A History of Truth, Reconciliation, and Indigenous Activism in Northern Canada, 1969 to Present
SSHRC Insight Development Grant (2023-2026)

This proposed research, Gwiizii ts’àt gwitàatsàh, We Will Make It Better: A History of Truth, Reconciliation, and Indigenous Activism in Northern Canada, 1969 to Present, will examine the history of Indigenous activism since the federal government’s coercive White Paper to present conversations about unmarked graves at the sites of former Indian Residential Schools. This research addresses the need to better understand the history of truth and reconciliation in Canada, especially through Indigenous voices and experiences, at local and national levels.

Crystal Fraser (PI), Gwiizii ts’àt gwitàatsàh, We Will Make It Better: A History of Truth, Reconciliation, and Indigenous Activism in Northern Canada, 1969 to Present
SKIPP Seed Grant (2023-2026)

The project begins with present day concerns, outlining a conversation about the deaths of Indigenous children who were institutionalized at Canada’s Indian Residential Schools and answers the question: how and why did this happen? Why were Indigenous children violently removed from their families and institutionalized, sometimes for years at a time and thousands of kilometers away from their homes? What was the Indian Residential Schooling system and what conditions were created that led to the deaths of thousands of Indigenous children? How did we, in 2021, come to have these conversations about unmarked graves, ground-searching technologies, and DNA collections? What is the history of Truth and Reconciliation in this settler colonial state?

Crystal Fraser (PI), Kule Research Experimentation Grant Tik Tok
Kule Research Experimentation Grant, (2023-2025)

Indigenous History Corner with Crystal Fraser will feature Dr. Crystal Gail Fraser, who will engage with consumers via the wildly popular new social media platform, TikTok. TikTok features videos that are thirty seconds to three minutes in length, allowing for “creators” to engage with a broad audience very quickly. Each video will feature a different question that relates to not only Indigenous histories in Canada, but also contemporary issues and concerns, such as treaty relations, systemic racism, Indian Residential Schools, and being Indigenous in academia. To start, Dr. Fraser will supply the questions, allowing consumers to get an idea of the type of information that can be provided. Similar to Facebook, a notable feature of TikTok is the comment section, in which viewers will be encouraged to ask questions they may have for Dr. Fraser. These questions will then be featured as the topic for the upcoming videos. Through this type of platform, this content will become accessible to people who might not traditionally have access to an Indigenous professor or historian, or perhaps did not engage in the academic community at all. Furthermore, the trends that are found through submitted questions, will help guide this project to topics that are of high interest to non-academic populations. The effectiveness of this style of engagement is easily tracked, as TikTok not only features a “like” option, but also a “follow” option, allowing consumers to permanently follow content they enjoy. As the population continues to engage with a creator, TikTok’s algorithm will push the videos forward, thus continuing to reach a wider and wider population. Given Dr. Fraser’s success on other projects of different formats, her success rate for a popular and engaging TikTok channel is high.

Crystal Fraser (PI), How I Survived: A New Podcast on Northern Residential Schools & Recreation
SSHRC Partnership Engage Grant (2023-2024)

This project contributes to the history of Indian residential and day schools in the Northwest Territories (NWT) between 1867 and 1996. Through this project, we are: recording and sharing the stories of residential and day school Survivors; undertaking archival research to provide additional context for their experiences; and developing materials and resources that reflect and respect Survivors' diverse experiences of recreation while at northern residential and day schools. Using the lens of recreation, this project provides residential and day school Survivors with an opportunity to share their stories of strength, resilience, spirit, and creativity with the public. It will also educate the public about the history and legacy of the Indian residential and day school system in the North.

Crystal Fraser (PI), Indian Residential School French Translation
Killam Research Fund-Cornerstone Grant, (2021-2024)

Crystal Fraser (PI), Dinjii Zhuh Perspectives of Epidemics: Contemporary Indigenous Concepts of Survival Community and Strength in the NWT
SSHRC COVIDSI (2020-2024)

Non-Indigenous newcomers, such as fur traders, explorers, and missionaries carried foreign diseases and illness with them and these had profound consequences for Indigenous northerners. Indeed, as transportation networks and interest in northern resources grew the in first half of the twentieth century, so too did diseases (such as influenza, smallpox, scarlet fever, and tuberculosis), illness, and death due to systemic inequalities in health care provision and social services. Survivors have documented some of these accounts, by working with academics, decades after they took place. Unfortunately, the fullness and nuances of these experiences were not captured. Today, the pandemic of COVID-19 is affecting almost every community around the world, including the Dinjii Zhuh communities not only in the Northwest Territories, but also those who live outside the Gwich'in Settlement Area (specifically Yellowknife, Whitehorse, Edmonton, Vancouver, and Saskatoon). This project seeks to better understand Dinjii Zhuh reactions, lifestyles, struggles, and concerns about living through yet another epidemic. Dr. Crystal Gail Fraser, the Primary Investigator and a Gwichyà Gwich'in historian, is partnering with the Department of Cultural Heritage (DCH) of the Gwich'in Tribal Council to address this gap by recording the stories, experiences, and conversations of Dinjii Zhuh communities using a combination of historical, anthropological, and Indigenous methodologies. Sharon Snowshoe (Teetł'it Gwich'in), Director of the Department of Cultural Heritage, will hire and train Dinjii Zhuh Community Assistants in Aklavik, Tsiigehtchic, and Edmonton to use novel, COVID19-safe research techniques to gather relevant ethnographic recordings from a range of Dinjii Zhuh.

Beverly Lemire (PI), Fashioning the Imperial Atlantic: Race, Gender and Material Culture, c. 1660-1820
SSHRC Insight Grant (2022-2027)

Project outputs will disseminate our original findings among diverse publics and, just like my planned monograph, will make an impact internationally. Outcomes will unveil previously opaque histories, including the promotion of normative patterns of White beauty and fashion over generations; and the resistant self-defining garb of self-emancipated Black men that upset imperial norms. Prints of such Black men, circulating in the early 19th century, worked against the racial stereotypes that engulfed them. Laundresses (Black and White) also negotiated normative challenges. Jamaican-born cultural theorist, Stuart Hall, advocated change through a critical engagement that we anticipate will come from this project: to "turn the stereotypes in a sense against themselves...in such a way that they become uninhabitable" (Hall 1997, 21). Outcomes will "intervene in exactly that powerful exchange between the image [and material culture] and its psychic meaning...to expose and deconstruct" (21).

Kenneth Moure (PI), J'ai faim! Food and Politics in France in World War II
SSHRC Insight Grant (2021-2025)

My project will reconstruct French food policy from 1939 to 1950, analyze the locations and logic for protests, and assess the political repercussions of popular discontent. It will include comparative analysis for rural/urban and regional differences in food supply, changes in food consumption and culture, and the management of French crises in the context of a world war. France, as a country of abundant agricultural output and rich culinary history, offers a fertile case for the study of administrative and popular responses to food crises. Archival research is essential to reconstruct food policy and changes in food output, consumption, and culture. I will gather evidence for state policy development in national archives; in departmental archives, I will seek evidence of regional impact and resistance. My research integrates quantitative data and qualitative sources, and explores the reflexive relationship between national policies, regional and local improvisation, and popular resistance. Together, these can explain the disorder in the food supply in France and the frequent protests. I will also gather evidence from national and international sources for detail on the European and global food crises, which will provide context for my work on France, and provide valuable training opportunities for three graduate students.

Sarah Nickel (PI) in collaboration with Margaret Little (Queen's University), Alternative Visions: The Politics of Motherhood and Family Among Indigenous, Immigrant, Racialized, and Low-Income Activist Women's Groups in Canada, 1960s-1980s
SSHRC through Queen's University (2020-2024)

In May 1974 the Mother Led Union (MLU), an Ontario welfare rights group, presented a brief claiming that "the whole system of deprivation for women seems to be designed by our self-glorified male legislators to 'KEEP WOMEN IN THEIR PLACE'." They attacked provincial government efforts to force mothers on welfare into the workforce and argued that: "It has been the Mother-Led Union's position all along that women who choose to remain at home to raise their children are making a useful contribution to society, that we are already working." This combination of brazen feminism and spirited defense of stay-at-home motherhood does not fit current images of 1970s feminism. This project seeks to understand positions taken by the MLU and other often forgotten women's activist groups whose activism remains understudied and whose political visions are not fully understood, particularly when they diverged from mainstream feminist discourses. Specifically, we will explore how low-income, Indigenous, immigrant and racialized activists articulated the place of motherhood and family in their politics and visions of social change from the 1960s to 1980s.

Sarah Nickel (PI), Auxiliary Organizations and Indigenous "Mother of the Nation:" Gender, Politics, and Place in Canada's West
SSHRC Insight Development Grant (2020-2024)

The goal of this research is to produce a comprehensive narrative of 20th century Indigenous women’s politics in the west by synthesizing Indigenous women’s numerous, overlapping, and multi-spatial sociopolitical engagements according to five themes of: arts and performance, health, child welfare, legal issues, and Indigenous sovereignty and nationalism.

Liza Piper (PI), Symposium on anti-colonial mine-site reclamation, restoration and land guardianship in northern Canada and Australia
SSHRC Connections Grant (2023-2025)

Framed within the UN Decade of Ecological Restoration (2021-2030), our team will assert how restoration (and reclamation) is inextricably intertwined with issues of social and environmental justice through a symposium on Indigenous-led, anti-colonial mine reclamation. The symposium will occur within the 10th World Conference on Ecological Restoration in Darwin, Australia (September 26th-30th, 2023). The Society for Ecological Restoration is hosting this high-profile international conference to bring together scientists, engineers, land planners, policy makers, natural resource managers and restoration practitioners around the theme of "Nature and culture as one". This venue provides a high-impact opportunity for our team to demonstrate how reclamation in northern mining contexts in both Canada and Australia has less to do with addressing widespread ecological degradation and must instead confront the destruction of land-community relationships and colonial theft of land. Indigenous-led reclamation is pivotal to addressing ongoing colonial relations and reclaiming stewardship of land in these post-industrial landscapes.

Liza Piper (PI), Mining, Clearing, and Reclaiming the Rocky Mountains and Foothills, 1950-2018
SSHRC Insight Grant (2019-2024)

The research we propose builds upon work completed under SSHRC IG 435-2012-0140, Apachean Origins: New Explorations of the Canadian Heritage of A.D. 13th Century Dene at Promontory Point, Utah. That work focused on the astonishing array of perishable artifacts excavated in 1930-31 by Julian Steward, involving hundreds of moccasins and other artifacts he suspected of reflecting a migrating Proto-Apachean population atypical of the Great Basin, as well as our own excavations. These assemblages have an uncanny resemblance to a Proto-Apachean search image predicted by independent, interdisciplinary sources of information (Ives in prep.) To draw this work to a comprehensive conclusion, we would like to explore the basis for the bison hunting success that Promontory Culture people enjoyed, to make detailed assessments of variability in moccasins so that we can grasp enskillment strategies in ethnogenetic circumstances, and to develop genetic evidence for the identity of the cave inhabitants.

Jane Samson (PI), Te Ngara's Voyage: From the Melanesian Mission to Ministry in Aotearoa/New Zealand c. 1820-1919
SSHRC Insight Grant, (2021-2027)

While doing New Zealand archival research for my previous SSHRC-funded project on George Sarawia, the Melanesian Mission's first Indigenous priest, I discovered a previously unknown, handwritten journal by Eruera Karaka Te Ngara, a Maori member of the mission and later an Anglican priest in New Zealand. Written in te reo Maori, the journal describes Te Ngara's voyage through Melanesia on the missions's 1862 island cruise. This document is an extremely rare and unusually early example of a Maori view of Melanesian islanders in situ, and of an Indigenous perspective on mission work among members of other Indigenous Peoples. During a preliminary research trip, I found two letters by Te Ngara, sections of a later journal kept by him on a visit to the war-torn Waikato region following the land wars of the 1860s, and indications of a wealth of information about Te Ngara's school connections, the extent to which the Melanesian Mission employed Maori teachers and missionaries like himself, and Te Ngara's role in the rebuilding of Anglicanism in New Zealand as an ordained priest serving in both the North and South islands.

Selina Stewart (PI), And Told No Tale
Kule Institute for Advanced Study-Dialogue Grant, (2023-2024)

What I would like to turn to is an exploration of, or at least search for, ‘gay domestic life’ in the 20th C. in Canada across the country, partly as reflected in literature (poetry being a particular vehicle for covert allusions and “queer covers”, to borrow a phrase from American cultural theorist Judith Jack Halberstam)

Shannon Stunden Bower (PI), Watering the Modern Prairies: Publicly-Funded Irrigation in Saskatchewan and Alberta after 1945
SSHRC Insight Grant, (2023-2029)

'Watering the modern prairies' addresses prairie water management in the mid-20th century, a period of radical environmental change. While reckoning broadly with regional water management, the project highlights two revealing episodes in publicly-funded prairie irrigation, one in Saskatchewan and one in Alberta. The Saskatchewan case study focuses on what happened when a government-sponsored irrigation project was resisted by local farmers. The Alberta case study focuses on negotiations between Alberta and Canada over the worth of the province's existing irrigation infrastructure, negotiations prompted by efforts to transfer responsibility and control from Ottawa to Edmonton. Both case studies capture signal moments in the ongoing colonization of the prairie west, moments in which the beneficiaries of settler colonialism considered their pasts and contested their futures. The project also tracks effects of irrigation on Indigenous peoples, considering how water along with land serves as a barometer of dispossession.

Kule Institute for Advanced Study-Dialogue Grant (2022-2023)

The Rasendramaṅgala is an early Sanskrit work on alchemy probably composed before the twelfth century, and possibly as early as 900 CE. It has never been critically edited. I have identified eleven manuscripts of the work, and over the last three years I have hired transcribers to transcribe key sections of the work from the different manuscripts. The transcription is done using TEI XML encoding and the results are stored in Github. The editorial work is taking place using Saktumiva.org, a specialized platform for collating and editing Sanskrit works.

Dominik Wujastyk (PI), The Textual and Cultural History of Medicine in South Asia based on Newly-Discovered Manuscript Evidence
SSHRC Insight Grant (2020-2025)

The present project will undertake detailed work reading and transcribing the new manuscripts, evaluating their relationships and translating their content. The newly-discovered manuscript of The Compendium of Sushruta will be put into historical relationship with each other and with previously-known manuscripts using traditional historical and philological methods coupled with the methods of computerized cladistic analysis. The latter methods will allow fine control over the expected large volume of differential data between the manuscripts. The goal is to develop a fresh understanding of ancient South Asian medicine based on the new evidence. We will be especially focussed on highlighting the textual and doctrinal differences between The Compendium as it existed in 878 CE and its received versions today. Project outcomes will include critical editions and translations of the Nepalese manuscripts, studies of the transmission of scientific ideas within South Asia as well as to China and South East Asia, and outreach to contemporary consumers of indigenous medicine.

Dominik Wujastyk (PI), Symposium on Greater Magadha - Evaluation and Restrospective
SSHRC Connection Grant (2020-2022 - will be extended)

In the thirteen years since Greater Magadha was published, a strange situation has developed. Apart from a few thoughtful book reviews, nobody has offered an extended academic engagement with Bronkhorst’s theory. An increasing number of scholars take the theory for granted, while others offer “academic grumbling” about the theory but without strong engagement. The present symposium aims to bring together leading historians with a wide range of skills in order to debate with each other and with Prof. Bronkhorst himself about the foundations of the theory. The invitees are selected because at some point they have all written seriously about Bronkhorst’s theory. The goal of this encounter is that a new expert response to the Greater Magadha theory will be created that will be of crucial importance for historians more widely who need to rely on a paradigmatic accord established by specialists.

Lorne Zelyck - St. Joseph's College (PI), The British Papyrus Syndicate
SSHRC Insight Development Grant (2021-2024)

Little is known about the acquisition history (i.e. provenance) of famous papyrus collections in North America and Europe. Although they were acquired ‘legally’ (since foreign powers influenced Egyptian laws), the lack of transparency from these institutions has hindered research in manuscript studies, the history of the antiquities market, and our ability to rejoin separated fragments of the same manuscript. This research project will address these problems by examining the provenance of papyrus manuscripts that were purchased by the British Museum and disseminated to North American and European collections in the early 1900s. The objective will be accomplished through examining the departmental archives of these institutions involved in the British Papyrus Syndicate, which contain detailed letters between curators, scholars, and antiquities dealers, as well as acquisition lists of the manuscripts purchased.

Cross-Appointed

Sean Gouglas (PI) - Media and Technology Studies The First Three Years: Research Collaboration Retreat
Kule Institute for Advanced Study - Dialogue Grant, (2023-2024)

The proposed activity is a week-long research collaboration retreat with all of the faculty and senior graduate student collaborators on the longitudinal research study The First Three Years, which is following the trajectory of a cohort of 240 students as they graduate from postsecondary education in video games and join the workforce. At the time of this retreat, the research team will have just completed (or near-completed) recruitment and interviews for the second cohort of participants in the study, and will be moving into the analysis stage.

Sean Gouglas (PI) - Media and Technology Studies The First Three Years: A longitudinal study of employment outcomes for post-secondary students entering the games industry
SSHRC Insight Grant, (2020-2026)

Within three years of finding employment in the video game industry, a staggering number of women leave it. This project addresses the urgent need to understand the stark differences in employment outcomes for marginalised groups, particularly women, who choose to leave an industry they spent years training to enter. Despite significant ink discussing the transition of highly skilled workers from postsecondary institutions to industry, there remains little to no rigorously produced, reliable information on the expectations of workers entering the games industry and the reality of that shortly drives so many from it.

David Quinter (PI) - East Asian Studies Devotional Cults and Medieval Nara Buddhism: Explorations in Lived Religion
SSHRC Insight Grant (2021-2027)

This project investigates how medieval Japanese monastics from Nara-area schools and temples performed and promoted cultic practices. But it is also concerned with how modern scholars interact with the "lived religion" of those practices. The focus here on innovative syntheses of material, visual, and ritual culture in medieval Nara devotional cults has been influenced byvarious turns in the humanities and social sciences over the past few decades: the cultural, the material, the visual. Yet even as specialists of Japanese Buddhism embrace these trends and urge shifts in emphasis from text and doctrine to lived religious practice, old historiographical issues persist, often in subtle forms.