Program-Level Learning Outcomes

A.   Depth and breadth of knowledge

1.    Explain and apply the core theories, concepts, and processes of Pharmacology.

2.    Apply Pharmacology-specific information to abstract models and/or theories.

3.    Apply the knowledge of the basic biomedical sciences (e.g., physiology, biochemistry, genetics, pathology) to the evaluation of drug actions

4.    Integrate learned scientific knowledge with newly acquired information to produce plausible scientific explanations of phenomena (Honors).

B.  Conceptual knowledge and research competency

1.    Critically evaluate ideas and arguments by gathering relevant information (both numerical and observational), assessing its credibility, and synthesizing evidence to formulate a position.

2.    Formulate questions, design investigations and synthesize data to draw conclusions and make scientifically-based decisions using scientific methods and processes (hypothesis formulation, hypothesis testing, experimental design, data analysis).

3.    Apply contemporary research methods, skills, and techniques to conduct independent inquiry in Pharmacology (Honors).

4.    Critically evaluate scientific theories or models based on evolving information.

C.   Communication skills

1.    Critically and accurately integrate scientific ideas, arguments, and analyses from a range of sources.

2.    Accurately and effectively communicate scientific ideas, arguments, and analyses, to a range of audiences, in graphical, oral, and written form, adopting a professional style when appropriate.

3.    Review the work of others appropriately and constructively.

4.    Incorporate constructive feedback into improving a deliverable.

D.   Application of knowledge

1.    Identify and propose solutions to societal problems and unmet needs using creative approaches, acquired through interdisciplinary experiences, and a depth and breadth of knowledge/expertise in Pharmacology.

2.    Know and apply ethical principles of research, including clinical trials and animal research to the design, implementation and reporting of pharmacological studies

3.    Interpret current pharmacological concepts and gaps in knowledge in light of other perspectives (e.g., history, philosophy, politics, ethics/morality, religion, Indigenous approaches to knowledge).

4.    Demonstrate knowledge of the impact of Pharmacology on patient care with respect to the safe and effective use of medicines

E.    Professional capacity/autonomy

1.    Adhere to professional standards regarding use and ownership of data, privacy and intellectual property. 

2.    Work inclusively, effectively, and professionally with diverse groups of people.

3.    Engage in effective self-directed learning, seeking appropriate guidance when necessary.

4.    Plan for professional growth and personal development within and beyond the undergraduate Pharmacology program.

F.    Awareness of limits of knowledge

1.    Discern whether scientific principles can be applied to investigate a question or solve a problem. 

2.    Determine appropriate conclusions based on the limitations of the study design, experiment, data, or theory.

3.    Describe some current directions of research in Pharmacology.

4.    Identify and describe historical and cultural influences on science in general and Pharmacology specifically.