Virtual Interprofessional Educator Resource (VIPER)

Debriefing and Feedback

Debriefing Using the Advocacy-Inquiry Method

In the Advocacy-Inquiry (AI) model of debriefing, the facilitator describes what they observed (advocacy), and then asks participants for their perspective (inquiry). This approach creates a non-judgemental dialogue where students can practise critical reflection, identify their personal frames of reference, and understand how those frames influence their actions. The AI model can also be used to teach debriefing skills to facilitators.
Author: Lisa Guirguis, University of Alberta
Interprofessional Competencies: Communication, Reflection
Document: Debriefing Using the Advocacy-Inquiry Method

Giving and Receiving CORBS Feedback

It can be a challenge to structure feedback in a clear and constructive way. The CORBS model outlines the principles for delivering meaningful feedback in any context, including peer to peer, instructor to student, patient to student, or student to instructor. CORBS stands for Clear, Owned, Regular, Balanced, Specific.
Interprofessional Competencies: Communication
Document: Giving and Receiving CORBS Feedback

Using OBEFA to Give Instructor-to-Student Feedback

OBEFA is a scaffold or template for structuring feedback. OBEFA stands for Opening (simply express that you have a concern), Behaviour (describe the behaviour), Effect (describe what happens as a result of the behaviour), Feelings (describe how you feel about this), and Action (suggest working together to resolve your concern). In this video, two students conduct a home care simulation and the facilitator gives feedback.

Author: Health Sciences Education and Research Commons (HSERC)
Interprofessional Competencies: Communication
Documents: Using OBEFA to Give Instructor-to-Student Feedback (video) / (transcript)

Using OBEFA to Give Peer-to-Peer Feedback

OBEFA is a scaffold or template for structuring feedback. OBEFA stands for Opening (simply express that you have a concern), Behaviour (describe the behaviour), Effect (describe what happens as a result of the behaviour), Feelings (describe how you feel about this), and Action (suggest working together to resolve your concern). In this video, a staff member is late for rapid rounds and a colleague gives feedback.

Author: Health Sciences Education and Research Commons (HSERC)
Interprofessional Competencies: Communication, Collaboration
Documents: Using OBEFA to Give Instructor-to-Student Feedback (video) / (transcript)