I am currently the Alberta Health Services Chair in Indigenous Health and a Professor in Indigenous and Global Health Research in the Department of Medicine at the University of Alberta. I obtained my PhD in Nutritional Epidemiology from the University of Manchester Medical School in 1996 and since then I have worked with numerous multiethnic and underserved populations in over 20 countries worldwide, including Cameroon, Indonesia, Nepal, Brazil, Jamaica, Trinidad, Barbados, South Africa, United Kingdom, Canada, and the USA. I have over 27 years of experience assessing nutrition, health status, and access to, and experiences with, healthcare services and developing, implementing, and evaluating culturally appropriate, community-based health intervention programs for children, youth and adults. Our projects combine nutritional sciences, epidemiology, health promotion, and community-based interventions that specifically focus on improving health and wellness with Indigenous and multi-ethnic populations globally. My research grants (PI/Co-PI/Co-I/Collaborator=95), and publications (n=152) have been multidisciplinary, multi-ethnic, and included major chronic diseases. My team and I work directly with community members as full partners, ensuring all projects align with community needs and priorities and include local capacity building, training, and employment.
After joining the Cancer Research Center of Hawaii in 2001, I collaborated on the Multiethnic Cohort Study of Diet and Cancer. This remains the largest study of its kind with 215,000 participants, including Native Hawaiians, African-Americans, Japanese Americans, Latin-Americans, and Caucasians, identifying dietary associations with mortality from cancer, heart disease, stroke, and obesity. I also utilized these unique data to examine genetic susceptibility and nutrient-gene interactions for prostate cancer among African-origin men in the cohort. This was one of the first studies to look at heterocyclic aromatic amine intake in people with varying acetalator genotypes (NAT1, NAT2) and associations with cancer.
Since moving to Canada in 2010 and taking my position at the University of Alberta, I have been leading the Indigenous and Global Health Research Group, examining the risk factors for cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and obesity among vulnerable youth and adults including senior populations in Canada. I have had the honour and pleasure of working extensively in the Canadian Arctic, starting with the health intervention program Healthy Foods North, which was implemented in six communities in the Northwest Territories (NT) and Nunavut (NU), in partnership with Inuit and Inuvialuit communities in 2007-2011.
More recent work has included assessing access, availability, and utilization of cancer screening services with Indigenous populations in the NT through an Alberta Innovates - Health Solutions funded project named Cancer ACCESS. This has since led to another grant, funded by the Canadian Cancer Society, CIHR, and the Government of the NT, to develop an educational program and video series based on the evidence collected. The videos show each step of the cancer screening procedure for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer and discuss the importance of screening and cancer prevention featuring local community members and health professionals. We aim to release all eleven videos Fall 2019.
In 2017, I received funding from CIHR for a project titled CAPRICORN (Culturally Appropriate Practical Solutions Relevant to Indigenous Seniors and Caregivers Of Remote Northern Communities) to work with two communities in NT, and the Department of Health and Social Services, Government of NT, to gather evidence on Indigenous seniors’ health and wellness with a particular focus on nutrition, physical activity, access to culturally appropriate health care services, and current health conditions. The project is utilizing innovative methods to engage communities and caregivers in a community driven participatory approach to understand the health of Indigenous seniors and opportunities to improve the situation for seniors and caregivers living in northern Canada.
In 2018, I received another grant from CIHR for a five-year Indigenous maternal and infant project, titled “Implementing culturally appropriate, evidence-based, and community-driven interventions to improve maternal health among Indigenous women in Northern Canada”. This collaborative project is working with three communities in NT to document the availability of, utilization of, and experiences with maternal healthcare services during pregnancy. The project will also identify barriers to, and opportunities for, improving maternal health outcomes. This project will utilize the evidence we collect to inform the development, implementation, and evaluation of an intervention to address the maternal and infant health concerns of Indigenous communities and improve access to and experiences with maternal health and support services.
My projects in Edmonton include the Caring and Responding Edmonton (CARE) project, funded by the Royal Alexandra Hospital Foundation, working with community organizations in Edmonton that support some of the most vulnerable populations to identify barriers to accessing health care services, as well as opportunities for improving utilization and health care service experiences. We have now moved into the second phase of this project and are implementing evidence-based health advocacy intervention programs with the partnering organizations. The programs and materials will then be evaluated to determine if the interventions are successful at improving knowledge and patient experiences with healthcare.
Recent membership on Panels, Boards, Working Groups, Networks
- Canadian Institutes of Health Research College of Reviewers
- Indigenous Health Core Committee, Population, Public and Indigenous Health Strategic Clinical Network, Alberta Health Services
- Government of the Northwest Territories Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research National Governing Council
- The Nutrition Society, UK
Awards and accolades
- Canadian Academy of Health Sciences Fellow, 2019
- Alberta Medical Association Medal of Honor, 2017
- Global Edmonton Woman of Vision, 2016-2017
- Paul Man Award for Excellence in Translational Research, 2012 (Postdoctoral Fellow recipient supervised by Dr. Sharma)
- Speaking of Food and Healthy Living Award, Dietitians of Canada, 2012
- European Nutrition Leadership Platform Advanced Programme, 2012
- Centennial Professorship, University of Alberta, 2011 - Present
- The Nutrition Society Silver Medal, 2010
- Dannon Institute Academic Mid-Career Nutrition Leadership Fellowship, 2010
- Special Commendation for Excellent Research, Caribbean Health Research Council, 2009
- European Nutrition Leadership Program Fellowship, 1996
- Final Year Research Project Prize, University of Wales, 1992
Indigenous health, new Canadian health, nutrition, chronic disease prevention, access to health care services
To create a world-renowned go-to place for sustainable, evidence-based intervention research working to enhance the health and well-being of Indigenous and multi-ethnic populations. The Indigenous and Global Health Research Group is improving health and reducing chronic disease prevalence among Indigenous peoples and multi-ethnic populations along community-identified research priority themes by generating evidence to inform, develop, implement, and evaluate sustainable community-based programs that build capacity and provide training and local employment.
Select ongoing projects
Determining differences in vitamin D intake and status among Indigenous and multi-ethnic peoples in the Northwest Territories, bridge funding from CIHR
Caring and Responding in the Northwest Territories, bridge funding from CIHR
Implementing culturally appropriate, evidence-based, and community-driven interventions to improve maternal health among Indigenous women in Northern Canada, funded by CIHR
Caring And Responding Edmonton (CARE) Project, funded by the Royal Alexandra Hospital Foundation
Culturally Appropriate Practical Solutions Relevant to Indigenous Seniors and Caregivers Of Remote Northern Communities (CAPRICORN), funded by CIHR
Improving the experience and utilization of cancer screening services in Indigenous communities in the Northwest Territories, funded by the Department of Health and Social Services, Government of the Northwest Territories, Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute, and CIHR
Alberta, Cancer screening services, Children, Chronic disease education, Chronic disease prevention, Community-based research, diabetes, Diabetes prevention, Dietary influence, Dietary patterns, Dietary patterns and strategies, Disease prevention, Education intervention and evaluation, Health care services, health promotion, Health service access, Health services access, Indigenous health, Indigenous populations, Indigenous youth, Integrated human observation study, Multiethnic populations, Multiethnic youth, New Canadian populations, Northern health, Northwest Territories, Nutrition, Nutrition intervention, Obesity, obesity prevention, Patient experiences, Pediatric asthma, Program evaluation, Senior health, Type 2 Diabetes, Urban populations, Urban youth, Youth
I lead a team of research associates, research assistants, data analysts, post-doctoral fellows, students, and finance and administrative staff who make up the Indigenous and Global Health Research Group (IGHRG). This group has extensive experience engaging and working directly with Indigenous communities to support community health priorities and partner with communities to develop culturally-appropriate intervention programs based on evidence collected. The ability of the team to build relationships and live in the communities for short periods to gain a comprehensive understanding of the health challenges faced by community members is a major contribution to the success of our previous and ongoing work.
Recent featured publications
Kolahdooz F, Nader F, Daemi M, Jang S, Johnston N, Sharma S. “Prevalence of known risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus among multi-ethnic urban youth in Edmonton: Findings from the WHY ACT NOW project.” Can J Diabetes. 2019:43(3):207-214. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2018.10.002
Kolahdooz F, Nader F, Daemi M, Jang S, Johnston N, Sharma S. “Adherence to Canada's Food Guide recommendations among Alberta’s multiethnic youth is a major concern: findings from the WHY ACT NOW project.” J Human Nutr Diet. 2018:31:658-669. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12565
Oladele CR, Sharma S, Yang J, Pathak EB, Himmelgreen D, Dagne G, Nembhard W, Mason, T. “Food and Nutrient Intakes of Jamaican Immigrants in Florida, United States.” J Immigrant Minority Health. 2018:21(3):570-577. 1-8. doi: 10.1007/s10903-018-0770-1
Nader F, Kolahdooz F, Sharma S. “Assessing health care access among Indigenous peoples in Alberta: a systematic review.” J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2017:28(4):1286-1303.
Els C, Jackson TD, Kunyk D, Lappi VG, Sonnenberg B, Hagtvedt R, Sharma S, Kolahdooz F, Straube S. “Adverse events associated with medium- and long-term use of opioids for chronic non-cancer pain: an overview of Cochrane Reviews (Review).” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2017:10:Art. No.: CD012509. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD012509.pub2.
Kolahdooz F, Sadeghirad B, Corriveau A, Johnston N, Sharma S. “Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indigenous populations in Canada: a systematic review and meta-analysis.” Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2017:57(7):1316-27. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2014.913003
Kolahdooz F, Launier K, Nader F, Yi KJ, Baker P, McHugh T, Vallianatos H, Sharma S. “Canadian Indigenous woman’s perspectives of maternal health and health care services: A systematic review.” Divers Equal Health Care. 2016:13(5):334-338.
Sharma S, Kolahdooz F, Vik S, Sheehy T, Kolonel LN. “Dietary sources of calcium, vitamin D, and the pattern of dairy products consumption in five ethnic groups in the United States.” J Food Res. 2016:5(2). doi: 10.5539/jfr.v5n2p58
Colin-Ramirez E, McAlister FA, Zheng Y, Sharma S, Ezekowitz JA. “Changes in dietary intake and nutritional status associated with a significant reduction in sodium intake in heart failure patients. A sub-analysis of the SODIUM-HF-pilot study.” Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2015.11.002
. Kolahdooz F, Butler JL, Christiansen K, Diette GB, Breysse PN, Hansel NN, McCormack MC, Sheehy T, Gittelsohn J, Sharma S. “Food and nutrient intake in African American children and adolescents aged five to 16 years in Baltimore City.” J Am Coll Nutr. 2016:2016:35(3):205-16.
Kolahdooz F, Nader F, Johnston N, Yi KJ, Sharma S. “Understanding the social determinants of health among Indigenous Canadians: Priorities for health promotion policies and actions.” Global Health Act. 2015:8(2015). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/gha.v8.27968.
Sheehy T, Kolahdooz F, Roache C, Sharma S. “Traditional food consumption is associated with better diet quality and adequacy among Inuit adults in Nunavut, Canada.” Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2015:66(4):445-451. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2015.1035232
Yi KJ, Landais E, Kolahdooz F, Sharma S. “Factors influencing the health and wellness of urban Aboriginal youth: insights of in-service professionals, care providers, and stakeholders.” Am J Public Health. 2015:105(5):881-890. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302481
Pakseresht M, Kolahdooz F, Gittelsohn J, Roache C, Corriveau A, Sharma S. “Improving vitamin A and D intake among Inuit and Inuvialuit in Arctic Canada: evidence from the Healthy Foods North study.” J Epidemiol Community Health. 2015:69:453-459. doi: 10.1136/jech-2014-204623
Sharma S, Mead E, Simeon D, Ferguson G, Kolahdooz F. “Dietary adequacy among rural Yup'ik women in Western Alaska.” J Am Coll Nutr. 2015:34(1):65-72. Doi: 10.1080/07315724.2014.883292
Kolahdooz F, Jang S, Corriveau A, Johnston N, Sharma S. “Knowledge, attitudes and behaviors towards cancer screening among Indigenous populations worldwide; a systematic review.” Lancet Oncol. 2014:15(11):e504-e516. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(14)70508-X
Kolahdooz F, Simeon D, Ferguson G, Sharma S. “Development of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire for use among the Yup’ik people of Western Alaska.” PLOS ONE. 2014:9(6):e100412 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0100412